This trial has been completed.

Condition abortion; induced
Treatments dmpa, etonogestrel implant
Sponsor Boston University
Collaborator Family Planning Fellowship
Start date May 2011
End date April 2014
Trial size 40 participants
Trial identifier NCT01356927, H-30255


Contraception after abortion is an important public health issue, as women who have an abortion are at high risk for additional unintended pregnancy. In the context of first trimester medical abortion, the standard of care is to administer long-acting reversible contraception, including the etonogestrel implant (Implanon) and depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), at a follow-up appointment after the abortion.

The investigators plan to conduct a prospective observational pilot study to evaluate the satisfaction of subjects who have selected either the contraceptive implant or DMPA given on the first day of medical abortion, as opposed to at a follow-up appointment. The investigators will also assess the continuation of DMPA and Implanon at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after the initial date of administration. In addition, the investigators will assess the total days of bleeding after the abortion, follow-up rate for evaluation of completion of medical abortion, and efficacy of medical abortion.

A total of 40 participants will be recruited, 20 who choose Implanon and 20 who choose DMPA. They will be asked to fill out questionnaires during the course of the study, and will be followed for one year. The study duration including data analysis will be two years.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Time perspective prospective
DMPA given at the time of mifepristone for medical abortion
dmpa Depo Provera
DMPA 150 mg IM given on the day of mifepristone 200 mg po for medical abortion
Etonogestrel implant placed at the time of mifepristone for medical abortion
etonogestrel implant Implanon
Etonogestrel implant placed at the time of mifepristone 200 mg po for medical abortion

Primary Outcomes

Satisfaction with timing of contraceptive administration
time frame: 7 days, 14 days, 28 days, 3, 6, 9, 12 months
Continuation rate of contraceptive method
time frame: 7 days, 14 days, 28 days, 3, 6, 9, 12 months

Secondary Outcomes

Number of days of bleeding
time frame: 28 days
Follow-up rate after abortion
time frame: 14 days
Failure of medical abortion
time frame: 7 days
Reasons for non-enrollment
time frame: 1 year

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants from 18 years up to 45 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Desiring and eligible for medication abortion - Desiring and eligible for etonogestrel implant or DMPA Exclusion Criteria: - Contraindications to DMPA or etonogestrel implant per CDC guidelines regarding United States Medical Eligibility for Contraceptive Use (Centers for Disease Control, 2010) - Contraindications to mifepristone and misoprostol including ectopic pregnancy, pregnancy with intrauterine device in place, chronic adrenal failure, significant anemia, bleeding disorder, chronic steroid use, inability to follow up, lack of emergency medical access, allergy to mifepristone or misoprostol, malignant liver tumor, benign hepatocellular adenoma, systemic lupus erythematosis with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, active liver disease, or history of breast cancer or current breast cancer - Nonworking telephone number (as assessed on initial visit) - Unable to give informed consent, or unable to speak English, Spanish, or French Creole - Unable to be contacted because of confidentiality issues - Currently breastfeeding - Intending to move away from the Boston area within one year

Additional Information

Official title Etonogestrel Implant or Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate for Medication Abortion
Principal investigator Sarita Sonalkar, MD
Description This is a prospective, observational pilot study of administration of either Implanon or DMPA on the first day of medication abortion. Subjects in this two cohorts will be followed for one year, with questionnaires administered at intake, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after recruitment. On the day of recruitment, after the patient has consented both to medication abortion and contraceptive method (Implanon or DMPA), the provider will ask the patient if they are interested in participation in the study. If the patient is interested, a research assistant or investigator will be called to discuss the study in private with the potential subject. Consent will be obtained by the investigator, and the intake questionnaire with baseline contraceptive and demographic data will be administered. Mifepristone for medication abortion will be administered per protocol by the provider, and then Implanon or DMPA will be administered. The clinician who provides the medication abortion will not be the same person as the investigator who is consenting for research. A bleeding diary card will be given to the subject to record daily bleeding. The subject will be requested to return this card by mail in 4 weeks, and will be given an addressed and stamped envelope. Subjects will be scheduled for a 7-day follow-up appointment as per medication abortion protocol, and at that visit, a short questionnaire regarding the satisfaction with timing of contraceptive method, and number of days of bleeding will be administered. Subjects will then be contacted by their preferred modality (phone, email, or text message) at 2 weeks, to assess for total days of bleeding. If the subject is continuing to have bleeding, they will be contacted again at 4 weeks to assess for total days of bleeding. At each of these contact points, satisfaction with timing of placement, and satisfaction with contraceptive method will be assessed via a Likert scale. Additional contact will be made at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months for all subjects to assess continuation of the contraceptive method. If unable to contact the subject or listed emergency contacts a total of five times by their preferred or alternate modalities of contact, a letter will be sent along with a self-addressed stamped envelope. Outcomes (Indicate anticipated primary and any secondary outcomes and how they will be measured): The primary study objectives are to assess the following: 1. Subject satisfaction with timing of placement as determined by questionnaire 2. Continuation of contraceptive method at 3, 6, 9, and 12 month as determined by questionnaire The secondary study objectives are to assess the following: 1. Total days of bleeding after the abortion 2. Follow-up rate for evaluation of completion of medication abortion 3. Failure rate of medication abortion 4. The number of women screened for participation 5. Reasons for refusal to participate in the study 6. Reasons for ineligibility 7. The number of women who change their contraceptive method during the year of follow-up.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Boston University.