Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
Sponsor VA Office of Research and Development
Start date October 2012
End date January 2016
Trial size 203 participants
Trial identifier NCT01350479, IIR 10-154

Summary

Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in nursing home residents. MRSA is predominantly spread from patient-to-patient by health care workers. The use of gowns, gloves and hand washing prevents this spread; however, their use detracts from a patient-centered, home-like environment which is an important priority for nursing homes. The goal of this project is to determine when it is most important for health care workers to wear gowns and to wash their hands when caring for MRSA colonized Veterans in community living centers.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Time perspective prospective
Arm
Residents with history of MRSA in the past year
Residents without history of MRSA in the past year

Primary Outcomes

Measure
MRSA Transmission
time frame: Will be measured during 6-25 episodes of care interactions scheduled over the 30 days following resident enrollment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Resident: - Age 18 years - Reside in a participating LTCF for rehabilitation, skilled nursing or maintenance care - Expected length of stay of >4 weeks from enrollment - Written informed consent from participant, or written informed consent from legally authorized representative (LAR) with assent from participant Health Care Worker: - Has direct interaction with participating residents at participating VA Long Term Care Facility (LTCF) - Verbal informed consent Exclusion Criteria: Residents: Health Care Worker: - Unable or unwilling to wear protective gown or gloves during healthcare workers (HCW)-resident interaction

Additional Information

Official title Gown and Glove Use to Prevent the Spread of Infection in VA Community Living Centers
Principal investigator Mary-Claire Roghmann, MD
Description Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in nursing home residents. MRSA is predominantly spread from patient-to-patient by health care workers. The use of gowns, gloves and hand washing prevents this spread; however, their use detracts from a patient-centered, home-like environment which is an important priority for nursing homes. The goal of this project is to determine when it is most important for health care workers to wear gowns and to wash their hands when caring for MRSA colonized Veterans in community living centers. To meet this goal, the investigators will enroll ~400 MRSA-colonized residents and health care workers from VA community living centers in four states and the District of Columbia. Additionally, the investigators will enroll some non-MRSA colonized residents as control subjects. Each enrolled resident will be followed for 6-25 episodes of care observations over 30 days. During each observation, the investigators will have health care workers wear disposable gowns and gloves during each care activity (e.g. wound dressing) that occurs during the study visit. At the end of each care activity, the investigators will swab the gown and gloves prior to disposing of them. Each swab will be tested for MRSA to determine if MRSA from the resident was transferred to the healthcare worker's gown or gloves during that episode of care. The results of the investigators' analysis will be used to develop new infection control guidelines which balance patient safety and a home-like, patient-centered environment.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by VA Office of Research and Development.