This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma
Treatment tadalafil and vaccination
Phase phase 1
Sponsor Providence Health & Services
Collaborator Providence Cancer Center, Earle A. Chiles Research Institute
Start date January 2011
End date June 2012
Trial size 11 participants
Trial identifier NCT01342224, PHS 10-141B


This study will add an immunotherapy component to chemotherapy and radiation treatment in patients who have pancreatic cancer. The objective of this study is to see if the combined treatment is safe and feasible, and if a larger study is warranted.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Intervention model single group assignment
Primary purpose other
Masking no masking
Participants receive a 4-week course of vaccination with telomerase vaccine and GM-CSF by injection, along with a cycle of gemcitabine chemotherapy (IV). This is followed by radiation and gemcitabine given twice weekly then by another dose of vaccine.
tadalafil and vaccination tadalafil: Cialis
Participants receive a 4-week course of vaccination with telomerase vaccine and GM-CSF by injection, along with a cycle of gemcitabine chemotherapy (IV). This is followed by radiation and gemcitabine given twice weekly then by another dose of vaccine. Four weeks after completion of chemotherapy and radiation, participants able to have surgical treatment will have surgery followed by vaccination and chemotherapy. Participants with stable or responsive disease that cannot be treated by surgery will have vaccination and chemotherapy with 2 cycles of telomerase vaccine with GM-CSF along with gemcitabine. Participants with unresectable and progressive disease after administration of vaccine, chemotherapy and radiation treatment may transition to vaccination and chemotherapy treatment.

Primary Outcomes

time frame: 180 Days

Secondary Outcomes

Immune Response
time frame: 18 months
Tumor Response
time frame: 180 days

Eligibility Criteria

All participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma proven by biopsy or cytology Locally advanced, unresectable disease with absence of distant metastatic disease. The presence of non-regional retroperitoneal or abdominal adenopathy is acceptable for inclusion. OR Borderline resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma (any of the following): - Tumor abutment or encasement of a short segment of hepatic artery (without evidence of tumor extension to the celiac artery) that is amenable to resection and reconstruction - Tumor abutment of the superior mesenteric artery involving 180 degrees or less of the circumference of the artery and without encasement - Impingement or narrowing of the superior mesenteric vein/portal vein or short-segment (< 2 cm) occlusion of the superior mesenteric vein, portal vein, or their confluence with a suitable option for vascular reconstruction - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group(ECOG)Performance Status 0 or 1 - Ability to give informed consent and comply with the protocol - Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test and must avoid becoming pregnant while on treatment. Men must avoid fathering a child while on treatment. - Patients with a history of psychiatric illness must be judged able to understand fully the investigational nature of the study and the risks associated with the therapy. Exclusion Criteria: - Age < 18 years - History of other malignancy in the past 2 years except carcinoma in situ of the cervix or bladder, or non-melanomatous skin cancer - Previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy for pancreatic cancer or previous radiation therapy to the target field - Clinically active autoimmune disease or active infection - History of heart attack (within 90 days) or stroke (within 6 months), or presence of hypertension requiring change in blood pressure medications in the last 4 weeks, hypotension, uncontrolled arrhythmias, heart failure (New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification ≥ Class 2 in last 6 months), unstable angina or angina occurring during sexual activity. - Use of "nitrates" or nitroglycerin. - History of hereditary degenerative retinal disorders including retinitis pigmentosa. - Chronic systemic corticosteroid use at supra-physiologic doses (prednisone > 10 mg a day or equivalent) - Use of recreational drugs called "poppers" like amyl nitrite and butyl nitrite. - Laboratory values (performed within 14 days prior to enrollment) as follows: - Neutrophil count < 1500 cells/µL - Hemoglobin < 9 gm/dL (patients may be transfused to establish eligibility) - Platelet count < 100,000 cells/µL - Significant coagulopathy (INR > 1.5) - Significant liver or renal dysfunction - Other medical or psychiatric conditions that in the opinion of the Principal Investigator would preclude safe participation in protocol.

Additional Information

Official title Exploratory Trial of Immunochemoradiotherapy for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Principal investigator Todd Crocenzi, MD
Description All study participants receive an initial 4 week course of intra-dermal vaccination with telomerase vaccine (GV1001) and immune adjuvant, granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), along with a cycle of gemcitabine chemotherapy. This is followed by concurrent radiation therapy and low-dose intravenous (IV) gemcitabine chemotherapy given twice weekly followed by one additional dose of vaccine. About 4 weeks (as late as 8 weeks) after chemotherapy and radiation treatment, participants with disease that can be removed by surgery will proceed to surgery. After recovery, immunochemotherapy will resume. Participants with stable or responsive disease that is not able to be treated with surgery will proceed to immunochemotherapy. Immunochemotherapy will consist of 2 cycles of telomerase vaccine with GM-CSF along with gemcitabine chemotherapy. Participants with disease that is not able to be treated with surgery, or that has worsened following immunochemoradiotherapy phase of treatment may continue on study with transition to immunochemotherapy phase of treatment. Tadalafil will be administered orally on a daily basis from start of therapy (Day 1) through completion of therapy with doses held only when required in the immediate perioperative period in patients who proceed to surgery.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Providence Health & Services.