This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition advanced solid tumors
Treatments palifosfamide-tris, normal saline
Phase phase 1
Sponsor Ziopharm
Start date June 2011
End date September 2013
Trial size 24 participants
Trial identifier NCT01340547, IPM1005


This is an open-label study of palifosfamide-tris administered intravenously on Days 1, 2, and 3 of a 21-day cycle to subjects with advanced solid tumors. Enrolled subjects will receive a placebo-control infusion on Day -1 and then commence palifosfamide-tris study treatment 24 hours later on Day 1.

Time-matched, intensive ECG monitoring will occur during and following placebo and palifosfamide-tris infusions on Days -1, 1, 2, 3 and 8. Generation of ECG data for study analysis will be performed in a blinded fashion at a central ECG laboratory.

Blood and urine sampling to characterize the pharmacokinetics of palifosfamide-tris will be performed on Days 1 through 8 of Cycle 1.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Single Arm, non-blinded, non-randomized
palifosfamide-tris isophosphoramide mustard-tris
palifosfamide-tris IV infusion of 150 mg/m2 on Days 1, 2 and 3 every three weeks (21 day cycle)
normal saline
0.9% Normal Saline 250 ml IV infusion on Cycle 1 Day -1

Primary Outcomes

ECG QTc intervals of patients who receive palifosfamide-tris
time frame: Cycle 1 Days -1,1, 2, 3,8
Blood sampling to characterize the pharmacokinetics of palifosfamide-tris
time frame: Cycle 1, Day 1, 2, 3, 4, 8

Secondary Outcomes

Safety and tolerability of palifosfamide-tris measured in amount, type, severity and relatedness of Adverse Events
time frame: Duration of time patient is on study, expected average of 5 months
Preliminary efficacy of palifosfamide-tris as it pertains to cancer tumor growth
time frame: Duration of time patient is on study, expected average of 5 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion criteria: 1. Male or female subjects, age ≥ 18 years, who have provided written informed consent prior to completing any study specific procedure. 2. Histologically or cytologically confirmed solid tumor that has progressed following available standard therapies or for which no standard therapy exist. 3. Measurable or non-measurable disease by RECIST version 1.1 4. Must have recovered from toxic effects of prior cancer treatment to ≤ Grade1per CTCAE v4.0, with the exception of any alopecia. 5. ECOG Performance Status of 0 or 1. 6. Adequate bone marrow, liver, and renal function, as assessed by the following laboratory requirements: 1. Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL. 2. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500/uL. 3. Platelet count ≥100,000/uL. 4. Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) 5. ALT and AST ≤2.5 x ULN. For subjects with documented liver metastases, ALT and AST ≤5×ULN. 6. International Normalized Ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time [PTT] <1.5 x ULN, if not therapeutically anticoagulated. Subjects who are being therapeutically anticoagulated with an agent such as Coumadin (warfarin sodium) or subcutaneous heparin may be included provided there is no prior evidence of underlying abnormality in coagulation parameters, screening test results are in appropriate therapeutic range, and anticoagulation regimen is stable and closely monitored. 7. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGRF) ≥60 mL/minute/1.73 m2. 7. Male and female subjects must agree to use a highly reliable method of birth control (expected failure rate less than 5% per year) from the screening visit through 28 days after the last dose of study drug. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Subjects who have received prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy or any investigational agent within 28 days prior to the first dose of study drug. 2. Unstable or clinically significant concurrent medical condition that would, in the opinion of the investigator, jeopardize the safety of a subject and/or their compliance with the protocol. Examples include, but are not limited to, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, recent (within 2 months of screening) myocardial infarction, ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia, uncontrolled asthma, HIV/AIDS without adequate anti-viral therapy, evidence of hepatic pathology due to or consistent with infection with a chronic hepatitis virus, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, or electrolyte imbalances. 3. Presence of, or history of any illness or injury to the urinary tract (renal or post-renal) which may make the subject more susceptible to acute renal insufficiency in the case of potential renal adverse events. Types of injury or illness might include a history of polycystic renal disease, nephrectomy, renal transplant, acute or chronic renal failure. 4. Active infection requiring systemic antibacterial, antifungal, or antiviral therapy within 2 weeks of the first dose of study drug. Subjects with HIV who are on effective anti-viral therapy or subjects with chronic herpes infections who use intermittent suppressive antiviral therapy for viral outbreaks may be included. 5. Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to start of treatment. 6. Documented symptomatic brain metastases. Screening for brain lesions by CT or MRI is not required for potential subjects; however, if there are any neurological signs or symptoms consistent with brain metastases, then a brain CT or MRI should be performed as clinically indicated. 7. Currently pregnant or nursing. 8. Subjects with implantable pacemaker or automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator. 9. Conditions that make the screening ECG repolarization difficult to interpret, or showing significant abnormalities. This includes, but is not limited to: high degree AV block, pace-maker, atrial fibrillation or flutter, prolonged QTc >500ms on repeat measurements (e.g., 2 out of 3 ECGs), or bradycardia (defined as ≤ 50 beats/minute). 10. Subjects who will be receiving medications that prolong the QT interval with a risk of causing Torsades de Pointes during the time period beginning 1 week prior to and during the Intensive ECG monitoring period (i.e., Cycle 1, Day -8 through Day 8).

Additional Information

Official title A Phase I Multicenter, Open-label Study of the Effect on QTc, Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Preliminary Efficacy of Single-agent Palifosfamide-tris in Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Ziopharm.