This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions radiculopathy, spondylolisthesis, lumbar spinal stenosis
Treatment decompression using the io-flex® system
Sponsor Baxano Surgical, Inc.
Start date April 2011
End date December 2014
Trial size 100 participants
Trial identifier NCT01338766, CP-1967


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical performance of a decompression using the FDA cleared iO-Flex® System on-label in treating patients with spinal stenosis and stable grade I degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis using a precision estimate assuming a 55% positive response rate.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Decompression using the iO-Flex® system
decompression using the io-flex® system
Decompression using the iO-Flex® system

Primary Outcomes

Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)
time frame: 24 Months

Secondary Outcomes

Operative success
time frame: Operative (day 1)
Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)
time frame: 6, 12, 36, 48 and 60 months
Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)
time frame: 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months
Numerical Rating Scale (NRS)
time frame: 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months
Zurich Claudication Questionnaire (ZCQ)
time frame: 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months
SF-36 Health Survey
time frame: 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months
Treatment survival rate
time frame: Ongoing out to 60 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Adult (> 18 years of age) 2. Leg/buttock pain, with or without back pain 3. Grade 1 degenerative spondylolisthesis (≤25% slippage) 4. NRS pain score for leg pain of 4/10 or greater 5. ODI score of 30/100 or greater 6. Failed non-operative medical management for a period of at least 6 months 7. Confirmed clinical diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis 8. Confirmation of central and/or lateral recess stenosis with or without foraminal stenosis, at one level or at two adjacent levels from L2-S1, with concordant symptoms. Subjects with central and/or lateral recess stenosis and spondylolisthesis at one level, may have symptomatic central, lateral recess or foraminal stenosis treated at one adjacent level. A "below-the pedicle" pass to decompress a third segment can be completed provided laminotomies are performed at no more than 2 levels. Subjects that, following an intraoperative decision, have a 3-level laminotomy and decompression will not be considered enrolled. Confirmation of spinal stenosis is shown on MRI or CT scan with evidence of nerve root impingement (displacement or compression) by either osseous or non-osseous elements. 9. Ability to give voluntary, written informed consent to participate in this clinical investigation and ability to participate in follow up examinations and complete patient questionnaires Exclusion Criteria: 1. Back pain only 2. Diagnosis of moderate to severe peripheral neuropathy such as diabetic or idiopathic peripheral neuropathy, by EMG/NCS or a Neurologist. 3. History of pathologic fractures of the vertebrae 4. Primary disc pathology; planned or incidental discectomies will NOT be excluded as long as surgeon believes the disc pathology is not the primary reason for the surgical intervention. 5. Subjects for whom removal of the midline structures is planned, likely or is the result of an intraoperative decision; every attempt should be made to spare the supraspinous, interspinous and facet capsular ligaments. 6. Significant instability of the lumbar spine as defined by ≥ 4mm translational motion between standing lateral view flexion and extension radiographs 7. Prior surgery of the lumbar spine 8. Spondylolisthesis greater than grade 1 (on a scale of 1 to 4) 9. Spondylolysis (pars fracture) at any level in the lumbar spine 10. Degenerative lumbar scoliosis with a Cobb angle of ≥ 25° 11. Vascular claudication in the lower extremities 12. Cauda equina syndrome 13. Evidence of active (systemic or local) infection at time of surgery 14. Paget's disease at involved segment or metastasis to the vertebra, osteomalacia, or other metabolic bone disease 15. Tumor in the spine or a malignant tumor except for basal cell carcinoma. 16. Prisoner or transient 17. Any significant psychological disturbance past or present, psychotic or neurotic that could impair the consent process or ability to complete subject self-report questionnaires 18. Involved in pending litigation of the spine or worker's compensation related to the back 19. Inability to communicate clearly in the English language 20. Morbid obesity (BMI > 40) 21. Pregnant, nursing, or planning on becoming pregnant. 22. History of narcotic abuse 23. Current involvement in another drug or device clinical trial 24. Uncontrolled diabetes 25. Irreversible coagulopathy or bleeding disorder (patients on anticoagulant therapy may participate. Investigators should follow routine practices for perioperative discontinuation and reinitiation of anticoagulants.) 26. Plans to relocate in the next 2 years 27. Subject unwilling to undergo a blood transfusion, if necessary

Additional Information

Official title Spondylolisthesis Treated With an iO-Flex® System Enabled Decompression (STRiDE)
Principal investigator Sylvain Palmer, M.D.
Description This is a prospective, non-randomized, multi-center (up to 30 sites) controlled clinical study enrolling 100 subjects following a pre-specified protocol with no site enrolling more than 30 subjects. All eligible subjects providing written informed consent and meeting study eligibility criteria will receive a facet preserving decompression using the FDA cleared iO-Flex® system on label. Treatment success using the iO-Flex® System will be analyzed using a precision estimate assuming a 55% positive response rate. In addition to baseline characteristics and procedural parameters, subject outcomes will be assessed at 6 weeks, 6-, 12-, and 24 months. The study will have an extended follow-up phase with annual follow-up contact through 5 years to evaluate retreatment for the original indication at these late time points.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Baxano Surgical, Inc..