Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions hiv, schooling, conditional cash transfers, unconditional cash transfers
Treatment zomba cash transfer program
Sponsor George Washington University
Collaborator World Bank
Start date September 2007
End date September 2012
Trial size 3796 participants
Trial identifier NCT01333826, KCP: RF-P109215-RESE-TF090932, RSB: RF-P109215-RESE-BBRSB

Summary

This study is designed to evaluate a two-year randomized intervention in Malawi that provides cash transfers to current schoolgirls (and young women who have recently dropped out of school) to stay in (and return to) school in order to understand the possible effects of such programs on the sexual behavior of the beneficiaries and their subsequent HIV risk.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Experimental)
Monthly cash transfers given to households with school aged girls with no strings attached. Transfer amounts randomized within this arm.
zomba cash transfer program
Cash transfers were provided monthly to a randomly selected sample of school aged girls. Amounts were also varied in both treatment arms.
(Experimental)
Monthly cash transfers given to households with school aged girls conditional on regular school attendance (80%). Transfer amounts randomized within this arm.
zomba cash transfer program
Cash transfers were provided monthly to a randomly selected sample of school aged girls. Amounts were also varied in both treatment arms.
(No Intervention)
No cash transfer program implemented in this group.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Sexually Transmitted Infections
time frame: 18 months
Schooling
time frame: 12 months/24 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Sexually Transmitted Infections
time frame: 18 months
Marriage and fertility
time frame: 12 months/24 months
sexual behavior
time frame: 12 months/ 24 months
HIV Awareness
time frame: 12 months/24 months

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants from 13 years up to 22 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - female - 13-22 years old - never married

Additional Information

Official title Does Schooling Protect Young Women From HIV?
Principal investigator Berk Ozler, PhD
Description Motivation: Education has been suggested as a "social vaccine" to prevent the spread of HIV (Jukes, Simmons, and Bundy, 2008), but almost all of the evidence we have on the link between school attendance (or attainment) and the risk of HIV infection comes from cross-sectional studies. Furthermore, the role of income (especially that of women's poverty) has been hypothesized as a significant factor in the spread of HIV in SSA, but again there is no credible evidence showing a causal link between income and HIV risk. A randomized intervention, such as the one proposed here, that provides randomly varied amounts of cash transfers to young individuals and their guardians is the perfect setting to examine the possible existence of such causal relationships. Objectives: The objective of the proposed study here is to provide credible evidence on issues about which we still know very little. Specifically, the main questions the study will try to answer are the following: 1. Are the observed effects of a CCT associated with the transfer or the conditionality imposed on the recipient? 2. Do the outcomes of interest improve with increased benefit levels set by the program? 3. Do CCT programs for schooling have any positive health impacts, including prevention of STIs such as HIV/AIDS among young people?
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by George Washington University.