Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions transitional cell carcinoma of bladder, urethra cancer, ureter cancer, malignant tumor of renal pelvis
Treatments cisplatin, gemcitabine, alt-801
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor Altor Bioscience Corporation
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date June 2011
End date March 2016
Trial size 90 participants
Trial identifier NCT01326871, CA-ALT-801-01-10

Summary

This is a Phase Ib/II, open-label, multi-center, competitive enrollment and dose-escalation study of ALT-801 in a biochemotherapy regimen either containing cisplatin and gemcitabine or containing gemcitabine alone in patients who have muscle invasive or metastatic urothelial cancer of bladder, renal pelvis, ureters and urethra. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the recommended dose (RD), and assess the anti-tumor response of ALT-801 in combination with cisplatin and gemcitabine or ALT-801 in combination with gemcitabine alone. The pharmacokinetic profile of ALT-801 in combination with cisplatin and gemcitabine will also be assessed. The study includes a dose escalation phase (Phase Ib) and a dose expansion phase (Phase II). Phase II has two treatment groups, Expansion Group 1 and Expansion Group 2. Expansion Group 2 is for platinum-refractory patients, consisting of two treatment arms based on the patient's renal function. Patients will enroll to Expansion Group 2 after stage 1 of the Group 1 expansion is complete.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
cisplatin
Intravenous infusion; 3 initial treatment courses and an additional 3 maintenance courses for responders (maintenance revised for Phase II): on day 1 of each course (if given)
gemcitabine
Intravenous infusion; 3 initial treatment courses and an additional 3 maintenance courses for responders (maintenance revised for Phase II); on day 1 and 8 of each course
alt-801 c264scTCR-IL2
Intravenous infusion; 3 initial treatment courses and an additional 3 maintenance courses for responders (maintenance revised for Phase II): on day 3, 5, 8, and 12 of each course
(Experimental)
gemcitabine
Intravenous infusion; 3 initial treatment courses and an additional 3 maintenance courses for responders (maintenance revised for Phase II); on day 1 and 8 of each course
alt-801 c264scTCR-IL2
Intravenous infusion; 3 initial treatment courses and an additional 3 maintenance courses for responders (maintenance revised for Phase II): on day 3, 5, 8, and 12 of each course

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) and/or the recommended dose (RD) for dose expansion of ALT-801 in combination with cisplatin and gemcitabine or ALT-801 in combination with gemcitabine alone
time frame: 8 weeks
Safety Profile
time frame: 8 weeks
Clinical Benefit
time frame: 12 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Progression Free Survival
time frame: 36 months
Overall survival
time frame: 36 months
Pharmacokinetics and immunogenicity
time frame: 9 weeks
Tumor Typing
time frame: 1 month

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

ENTRY CRITERIA: DISEASE CHARATERISTICS: - Muscle invasive or metastatic urothelial cancer of bladder, ureters, renal pelvis, and urethra - Histologically or cytologically confirmed with a clinical plan that would potentially include cisplatin* plus gemcitabine systemic therapy or with disease refractory to a first-line platinum-based therapy (as defined in the protocol). * Does not apply to patients screened for Phase II expansion - Surgically incurable PRIOR/CONCURRENT THERAPY: - No concurrent radiotherapy, other chemotherapy, or other immunotherapy - Must have recovered from side effects of prior treatments - If prior Proleukin® treatment, must have had a clinical benefit - No use of other investigational agents within 30 days of start or concurrently PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - ≥ 18 years Performance Status - ECOG 0 or 1 Bone Marrow Reserve - Absolute neutrophil count (AGC/ANC) ≥ 1,500/uL - Platelets ≥ 100,000/uL - Hemoglobin ≥ 10g/dL Renal Function - Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR): - ≥ 50mL/min/1.73m^2 for cisplatin-containing regimen - ≥ 40mL/min/1.73m^2 for non-cisplatin-containing regimen Hepatic Function - Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN - AST, ALT, ALP ≤ 2.5 X ULN, or ≤ 5.0 X ULN (if liver metastases exists) - PT INR ≤ 1.5 X ULN Cardiovascular - No congestive heart failure < 6 months - No unstable angina pectoris < 6 months - No myocardial infarction < 6 months - No history of ventricular arrhythmias - No NYHA Class > II CHF - Normal cardiac stress test required for subjects who are ≥ 50 years old, or have a history of EKG abnormalities, or have symptoms of cardiac ischemia or arrhythmia - No uncontrolled hypertension Pulmonary - Not receiving chronic medication for asthma - Normal clinical assessment of pulmonary function Hematologic - No evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy Other - Negative serum pregnancy test if female and of childbearing potential - No women who are pregnant or nursing - Subjects, both females and males, with reproductive potential must agree to use effective contraceptive measures for the duration of the study - No known autoimmune disease other than corrected hypothyroidism - No known prior organ allograft or allogeneic transplantation - Not HIV positive - No active systemic infection requiring parenteral antibiotic therapy - No ongoing systemic steroid therapy required - No history or evidence of CNS disease (Controlled brain metastases treated with radiation therapy or surgery where the disease has been clinically stable for a period of a least 3 months before screening is allowed) - No psychiatric illness/social situation - No other illness that in the opinion of the investigator would exclude the subject from participating in the study - Must provide informed consent and HIPAA authorization and agree to comply with all protocol-specified procedures and follow-up evaluations

Additional Information

Official title A Phase Ib/II Trial of ALT-801 in Combination With Cisplatin and Gemcitabine in Muscle Invasive or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer
Description Bladder cancer is the fourth most common malignancy in men and the ninth most common in women in the US, with an estimated 68,810 new cases and 14,070 deaths for the year 2008. Approximately 90% to 95% of newly diagnosed patients are with transitional cell carcinomas (TCC). Approximately 20% to 25% contain advanced (muscle invasive or metastatic) disease. Muscle invasive bladder cancer is life threatening. Clinical trials have demonstrated that TCC is a chemotherapy-sensitive malignancy. Most current cancer treatment strategies involve the use of chemotherapeutic or biological drugs that have a low therapeutic ratio. The limitations are a consequence of effects of the therapeutic drug on normal tissues. One approach to control systemic exposure effects is to target the drug itself into the site of the tumor. For example, antibodies have been developed for use as tumor targeting agents and have had success in the clinic. However, despite the promise of antibody-based immunotherapy, there are limitations with these class of reagents. Even so, immunotherapy remains a promising approach to treat cancer. One strategy that has received attention is treatment with cytokines such as IL-2 to enhance anti-tumor immunity. IL-2 has stimulatory effects on a number of immune cell types including T and B cells, monocytes, macrophages, lymphokine-activated killer cells (LAK) and natural killer (NK) cells. Based on the ability of IL-2 to provide durable curative anti-tumor responses, systemic administration of IL-2 has been approved to treat patients with metastatic melanoma or renal carcinoma. Unfortunately, the considerable toxicity associated with this treatment makes it difficult to achieve an effective dose at the site of the tumor and limits the population that can be treated. Thus, there is critical need for innovative strategies that enhance the effects of IL-2, to reduce its toxicity without compromising the clinical benefit, and to treat other diagnoses. The study drug, ALT-801, is a biologic compound of interleukin-2 (IL-2) genetically fused to a humanized soluble T-cell receptor directed against the p53-derived peptides expressed on tumor cells. The p53 protein is one of the most important factors that protects from developing cancer and is also one of the most frequently mutated genes in many cancers, which include muscle-invasive bladder cancer. For any given cancer type, p53 dysfunction generally correlates with poor prognosis versus other the same site-of-origin. In some tumors, p53 mutation and over-expression also is associated with resistance to chemotherapy. This study is to further evaluate whether directing IL-2 activity using ALT-801 to the patient's tumor sites that over-express p53 results in clinical benefits
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Altor Bioscience Corporation.
Location data was received from the National Cancer Institute and was last updated in April 2016.