This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions hiv, sexually transmitted diseases
Treatments social network hiv testing, peer network intervention
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Medical College of Wisconsin
Collaborator National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Start date November 2010
End date June 2016
Trial size 4382 participants
Trial identifier NCT01279421, PRO00013931, R01DA020350


This project will first increase the accessibility and acceptability of rapid HIV testing in health clinics located in or near four low-income communities in San Salvador, El Salvador. The investigators will use crack users' social networks and small incentives, as recommended by the CDC, in collaboration with the Salvadoran Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MSPAS) to encourage crack users to receive HIV testing. The second part of the intervention consists of training 8 Peer Leaders to recruit and lead a Peer Network Intervention among 400 crack users to change norms supporting HIV protective behaviors. The intervention will include monthly meetings open to crack using and non-crack using community residents to reinforce HIV risk reduction skills, and discussion of other topics related to HIV such as illicit drug use and interpersonal violence and community-wide HIV awareness events. Our hypothesis is that these two intervention features will singly, and in combination, reduce HIV risk behaviors among Salvadoran crack users.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose prevention
Participants in this arm will be recruited through social networks and will receive an HIV test.
social network hiv testing
Crack users will be recruited for HIV testing and receive 3 coupons to recruit other crack users for HIV testing.
Eight (8) current or former crack users will be recruited to facilitate small networks of crack users in a three-day intervention. They will also facilitate monthly meetings open to all community members regarding HIV prevention and interpersonal violence.
peer network intervention
Peer leaders will recruit small networks of crack users and facilitate a three-day prevention intervention.

Primary Outcomes

Increased HIV testing rates among crack users
time frame: 24 months
Decreased number of sexual risk behaviors among crack users
time frame: 12 months

Secondary Outcomes

Community and organizational factors associated with successful implementation of multi-level, community-based HIV prevention intervention
time frame: 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - 18 years or older - used crack cocaine in the last 2 weeks Exclusion Criteria: - not giving informed consent - under 18 years of age - considered by research staff to be unfit or unable to give informed consent - engages in continued disruptive behavior while participating in the project - not using crack or cocaine in the last month

Additional Information

Official title High Risk Crack Use Settings and HIV in El Salvador
Principal investigator Julia B. Dickson-Gomez, Ph.D.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Medical College of Wisconsin.