Effect of Bariatric Surgery on Mechanisms of Type 2 Diabetes
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||obesity, type 2 diabetes|
|Treatments||laparoscopic roux en y gastric bypass operation, medical management|
|Sponsor||The Cleveland Clinic|
|Start date||January 2011|
|End date||December 2017|
|Trial size||60 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01278823, 1R01DK089547|
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of bariatric surgery on blood sugar control and underlying mechanisms that contribute to type 2 diabetes in men and women with a BMI between 27 and 42. Sixty subjects will be randomized to either undergo the roux-en-y gastric bypass operation or intensive medical, dietary and exercise management.
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Test the effect of gastric bypass surgery on glycemic control in obese type 2 DM patients
time frame: 12 months
Determine the effects of gastric bypass surgery on pancreatic beta cell function and incretin hormone secretion in obese type 2 dm patients
time frame: 12 months
All participants from 18 years up to 60 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - candidate for general surgery - 18 to 60 years old - BMI 27-43 - type 2 diabetes - willing to participate in either study arm - understand and comply with requirements of each arm - not pregnant - willing to use reliable birth control for duration of study Exclusion Criteria: - prior bariatric surgery of any type - prior complex abdominal surgery - abdominal, thoracic, pelvic, obstetrical surgery within last 6 months - significant cardiovascular disease - kidney disease with a creatinine greater than or equal to 1.8 mg/dl - chronic liver disease except for NAFLD/NASH - celiac, malabsorptive, inflammatory bowel disorders - psychiatric disorders requiring 3 or more medications - pregnancy - cancer except squamous or basal cell skin cancer or cancer in remission - anticoagulation therapy that can't be stopped for surgery - clotting disorders - severe pulmonary disease
|Official title||Effect of Bariatric Surgery on Mechanisms of Type 2 Diabetes|
|Principal investigator||John Kirwan, PhD|
|Description||Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are two of the greatest public health problems of the 21st century. Lifestyle changes and pharmacotherapy, which are mainstay treatments for T2DM have had limited success. More intensive lifestyle weight management such as in the Look AHEAD trial reported an 8.6% weight loss after 1 year, while the Diabetes Prevention Program reported a 7% weight loss after 2 years, and a 58% decrease in the risk of developing T2DM. In contrast,we have observed a 31% weight loss together with 83% remission of T2DM in severely obese patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. However, direct evidence of the glycemic benefits of bariatric surgery from randomized control trials is lacking; there is no clear consensus that RYGB surgery is a good treatment option for moderately obese T2DM patients; and the mechanisms responsible for reversing T2DM after surgery remain unclear but may involve pancreatic insulin secretion and skeletal muscle and hepatic insulin resistance. The objective of this application is to evaluate the effects of RYGB surgery on glycemic control and underlying mechanisms that contribute to T2DM in obese subjects (BMI: 30-40 kg/m2). Our central hypothesis is that RYGB surgery will reduce hyperglycemia via reversal of beta-cell dysfunction and decrease hepatic and peripheral insulin resistance. The approach requires a 12-month randomized controlled trial. The rationale is based on data showing that RYGB lowers fasting and postprandial glucose, and increases the GLP-1 response to a meal. However, the therapeutic efficacy of RYGB surgery in obesity-related T2DM needs to be demonstrated in a randomized trial.|
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