Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition colorectal cancer
Treatments folfiri (m), folfox-6 (m), cetuximab
Phase phase 2
Target EGFR
Sponsor Grupo Espanol Multidisciplinario del Cancer Digestivo
Start date January 2011
End date December 2016
Trial size 170 participants
Trial identifier NCT01276379, 2010-019236-12, GEMCAD-1002

Summary

Advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC) is a heterogeneous disease and classification of patients is nowadays inefficient. Roughly twenty per cent of patients present with favorable figures (less than 4 liver nodules and less than 5 cm) and are suitable for local treatments (surgery or local-ablative therapies). Additionally, 10-15% of patients have poor performance status (PS >2) or are severe disabled due to geriatric syndromes or/and co-morbid diseases that preclude any treatment strategies than best supportive care alone. The rest of patients (fit patients not suitable for radical treatments) constitute the population of patients treated with palliative therapies. Despite of it not all these patients have the same prognosis. Patients with PS 0,1 and levels of LDH

CRYSTAL trial shows a benefit in PFS (1.5 months) in RASWT of FOLFIRI plus cetuximab compared with FOLFIRI alone. Nowadays the selection of patients for cetuximab treatment is based on mutational status of KRAS, which allow to select those patients who will not respond to therapy. Other surrogate markers of activity should be also evaluated. Our hypothesis is that the suggested biomarkers will allow the selection of the patients who will benefit the most from the biweekly cetuximab treatment.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose screening
Arm
(Experimental)
FOLFOX/FOLFIRI + cetuximab 500mg/m2 bi-weekly for 6 months, then bi-weekly cetuximab as monotherapy.
folfiri (m) folinic acid, fluorouracil and irinotecan.
FOLFIRI (m) chemotherapy will be administered on day 1 of each 14-days-cycle. The administered doses will be: Irinotecan 180 mg/m2 in infusion i.v., 120 minutes, on day 1 of each cycle. l-Leucovorin 200 mg/m2 (or d,l-leucovorin 400 mg/m2), in infusion i.v., 120 minutes, on day 1. One bolus i.v. (2-4 minutes) of 400 mg/m2 of 5-FU on day 1. 5-FU in continuous infusion (2400 mg/m2) administered through an ambulatory pump during 46-48 hours.
folfox-6 (m) folinic acid, fluorouracil and oxaliplatin.
FOLFOX6 (m) chemotherapy will be administered on day 1 of each 14-days-cycle. The administered doses will be: Oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 in infusion i.v., 120 minutes, on day 1 of each cycle. l-Leucovorin 200 mg/m2 (or d,l-leucovorin 400 mg/m2) in infusion i.v., 120 minutes, on day 1. One bolus i.v. (2-4 minutes) of 400 mg/m2 of 5-FU on day 1. 5-FU in continuous infusion (2400 mg/m2) administered through an ambulatory pump during 46-48 hours.
cetuximab erbitux
- 500 mg/m2 i.v. Every 2 weeks.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Progression free survival
time frame: anticipated: 4 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Overall survival
time frame: anticipated: 4 years
Response duration
time frame: anticipated: 4 years
Toxicity
time frame: anticipated: 4 years
Secondary biomarkers analysis
time frame: anticipated: 4 years
Tumoral response
time frame: anticipated: 4 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Male or female, age ≥ 18 years - Able to sign an informed consent form - Advanced and/or metastatic colorectal cancer - Colorectal cancer with KRAS wild type genotype - At least one unidimensionally measurable lesion according to RECIST criteria (1.1 revised) (to be assessed ≤ 28 days prior to the study treatment) - All patients with the following features will be included: 1. Progression free survival > 6 months after adjuvant treatment +/- radiotherapy 2. "De novo" diagnosis of the disease - Performance ECOG status of 0-2 - Life expectancy ≥ 3 months - Adequate bone marrow function: neutrophils ≥1,5 x 10^9/L; platelets ≥ 100 x 10^9/L; hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL. - Adequate liver, renal and hematological function as follows: 1. Adequate liver function: SGOT and SGPT 2.5 x ULN (5 x ULN in case of hepatic metastasis). Total bilirubin < 1,5 x ULN. Alkaline phosphatase 2,5 x LSN (5 x ULN if hepatic metastasis or 10 x ULN if bone metastasis) 2. Creatinine clearance or creatinine clearance during 24 hours ≥ 50 mL/min 3. Magnesium ≥ LLN, calcium ≥ LLN Exclusion Criteria: - PS > 2 or elderly patients with fragility criteria - Previous surgery for metastasis - Previous systemic treatment for the metastatic colorectal cancer - Previous treatment with antibodies anti-EGFR or treatment with small-molecule EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors or EGFR signal transduction inhibitors. Subjects who suspend their first dose due to a reaction to the infusion can participate - Central nervous system metastasis (except: treated subjects with asymptomatic CNS metastasis who have not received steroids within the 30 days prior to inclusion) - Prior malignant tumor in the last 5 years, except: basal cell carcinoma of the skin or pre-invasive cervical cancer - Unresolved toxicities from a prior systemic treatment which do not qualify the patient for inclusion - Presence of peripheral neuropathy (degree > 1 in the ctc version 3.0) and serious nonhealing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture - Hormonal treatment, immunotherapy or experimental or approved antibodies/proteins ≤ 30 days before the inclusion - Uncontrolled serious cardiovascular disease or: congestive cardiac failure NYHA lll or lV, unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction precedents in the past 12 months, significant arrhythmias - Interstitial pneumonitis or pulmonary fibrosis precedents, or interstitial pneumonitis or pulmonary fibrosis signs on the thoracic CT-scan - Treatment for systemic infection within the 14 days prior to treatment - Acute/subacute intestinal occlusion and/or active inflammatory bowel disease or any other bowel disease producing chronic diarrhea - Precedent of Gilbert's syndrome or dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency - Precedent of any disease which can increase the risks associated to the participation in the study or interfere in the study results - Known positive test for the following infections: HIV, Hepatitis C + abnormal liver enzymes values, active chronic Hepatitis B (except Hepatitis C seropositive with normal liver enzymes) - All concurrent diseases which can increase the toxicity risk - The individual presents a disorder of any kind which jeopardizes their ability to give their written consent form and/or fulfill the study procedures - Any investigational agent within 30 days before enrolment - Pregnant or breastfeeding woman, or planning to get pregnant within the 6 months after treatment - Surgery (excluding the diagnostic biopsy or placing of a central venous catheter) - Woman or man of childbearing potential not consenting to use adequate contraceptive precautions during the study and 6 months after de last administration for women, and 1 month for men - Unability to fulfill the study requirements by the patients - Psychological, family, sociological or geographical conditions that may interfere with the fulfillment of the study protocol and the follow-up calendar

Additional Information

Official title Single-Arm, Multicenter, Prospective, Phase 2 Study for the Evaluation of Biomarkers in Patients With Advanced &/or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer With Wild Type KRAS Treated Biweekly With Chemotherapy and Cetuximab as First-Line Treatment
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Grupo Espanol Multidisciplinario del Cancer Digestivo.