Effects of Osteotomies Around the Knee on Cartilage Glycosaminoglycan Content Using dGEMRIC Non-invasive Imaging
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee|
|Collaborator||Orthopaedics department, University Medical Center Utrecht|
|Start date||July 2007|
|End date||February 2011|
|Trial size||10 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01269944, dGEMRIC HTO|
Medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee is commonly treated by a surgical intervention called 'high tibial osteotomy' (VTO). Although it has repeatedly been shown that pain improves following this procedure, it is unknown how cartilage quality is affected by the procedure. In this study, a recently developed MRI technique is used to evaluate changes in cartilage quality before and after the surgery. Changes in MRI signals are correlated to subjective improvements (score lists). 10 patients participate in this study. Approval has been granted by the Medical Ethical Committee of the University Medical Center Utrecht. All participants are required to give informed consent before participation.
Patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee, as proven by x-rays and clinical examination
MRI T1 signal, change from baseline
time frame: Change from baseline 9 months after surgery (HTO)
KOOS clinical score, change from baseline
time frame: Change from baseline 9 months after surgery (HTO)
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 85 years old.
- Both males and females
- Patients >18 years old
- Indication as set by treating physician for operative procedure around the knee: HTO (high tibial osteotomy), femoral osteotomy
- Patient informed consent signed Note: Patients with previous surgery, history of intra-articular medication, meniscectomy or ACL lesions can be included in this study.
- The following patients are excluded from participating in this study:
- Known anaphylactic reactions to Gadolinium or related substances
- Kidney diseases with a creatinin excretion of < 20 ml/min
- Risk groups for MRI scanning due to magnetic field or contrast agent (9, 10): Metal in body: Pacemaker / AICD / ICD (coronary defibrillator), Nervus vagus (X) stimulator, Artificial heart valve (depending on type), Metal clips on cerebral arteries or veins, Metal particles in eye, Port-a-cath, Metal stents, Hydrocephalic pump / insuline pump, Metal implants; f/e screws, prostheses, piercings.
- First three months of pregnancy (not sufficient information available about effects of contrast agent on foetal development in this stage). Patients will be asked if they may be pregnant (< 3 months of pregnancy): if uncertain, they will be excluded. Contra-indications for MRI scanning, as well as contra-indications to intra-venous administration of contrast agents were discussed with Ms. Shanta Kalaykhan-Sewradj, head of MRI technicians in the UMC Utrecht. For further information, the booklet 'Bijwerkingen van contrastmiddelen: de gadoliniumverbindingen' by Esther Ensing and Janet Hoven was used (Published by Nederlandse Vereniging voor Slachtoffers van Medische Contrastmiddelen, 2004).
|Official title||Effects of Osteotomies Around the Knee on Cartilage Glycosaminoglycan Content Using dGEMRIC Non-invasive Imaging, a Pilot Study|
|Description||Rationale: Medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is an invalidating disorder and leads to pain, decreased range of motion and inactivity. Two procedures aiming at maintaining original cartilage are the high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and the femur osteotomy. However, effects of this procedure on cartilage quality are not known. Recently, a new technique has been developed which enables analysing changes in cartilage composition in vivo: the dGEMRIC. The dGEMRIC-technique is based on binding of negatively charged contrast agent Gadolinium (Gd(DPTA)2) to the glycosaminoglycans in the knee cartilage. The T1-signal reflects the gadolinium uptake by the proteoglycans of the knee and thus provides us with an indicative parameter of the cartilage quality. Visualising changes in cartilage composition enables better pre-operative patient selection as well as optimal timing of the operative procedure. Objective: Primary objective: Evaluate changes in cartilage glycosaminoglycan content using dGEMRIC, in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee undergoing axial correction (HTO, femur osteotomy). Secondary objective: Correlate quantitative MRI data to subjective symptom scores (KOOS, WOMAC, VAS, Knee Society Score) Study design: This study is a prospective observational study. Study population: Ten patients will be included satisfying the following inclusion criteria: - Both males and females older than 18 years - Indication as set by treating physician for operative procedure around the knee: HTO (high tibial osteotomy), femoral osteotomy Main study parameters/endpoints: In addition to their regular treatment, patients will receive an MRI scan with dGEMRIC settings before and 9 months after the surgical procedure, after removal of orthopaedic hardware. They will further receive questionnaires (VAS, WOMAC, KOOS, Knee Society Scale) before the surgical procedure and at 6,12, and 24 months after the surgical procedure. Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: In addition to their regular treatment, patients participating in this study will undergo two MRI scans of their knee. Performing of these scans will take about 4 hours. Further, orthopaedic hardware will be removed in daycare before the second MRI (burden: 1 day). Patients are asked to fill out questionnaires before- and after their surgical treatment. Filling out these questionnaires will take around 20 minutes per time moment (4 in total). Risks associated with the MRI scan are the very infrequently occurring allergic reactions to the contrast agent, which is used to depict the cartilage. Risks associated with removal of orthopaedic hardware at 9 months and not different than removal of hardware at a later stage: infection, bleeding, allergic reaction, dental damage or paresthesias.|
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