Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition dental caries
Treatments restoration with a dentin bonding agent (dba), restoration with a resin modified glass ionomer liner (rmgi)
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Pearl Network
Collaborator National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Start date September 2010
End date March 2012
Trial size 334 participants
Trial identifier NCT01268605, 136277, PRL1013, U01DE016755

Summary

Postoperative hypersensitivity (POH) is a problem for many patients as determined by the recent Practitioners Engaged in Applied Research and Learning (PEARL) study of POH following occlusal caries restoration. The objectives of this two-armed randomized comparative effectiveness research trial (RCERT) are to determine whether adding a resin modified glass ionomer liner (RMGI) reduces POH in dentin bonded Class I resin based composite (RBC) restorations, and to identify other factors (putative risk factors) that are associated with increased POH.

The primary outcome of this study is the reduction/elimination of restoration POH as measured by clinical assessment (air stream) and patient-reports.

Outcomes will be ascertained via the following specific aims:

Specific Aim 1: To compare the reduction of hypersensitivity of study teeth by clinical measurement (air drying) and by patient-reported outcomes among the two treatment groups at three points in time: prior to restoration and at one and four weeks postrestoration.

Specific Aim 2: To identify putative risk factors for POH (or factors associated with differences in POH) including: preoperative caries stage measured by the proposed American Dental Association (ADA) Caries Classification System (CCS), lesion depth as measured on the preoperative radiograph, dentin caries activity ranked on opening the lesion, preparation depth, and patient sleep bruxism status.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Restoration with a dentin bonding agent (DBA) and hybrid resin-based composite: Use of a self-etch DBA Clearfil SE Bond followed by Herculite Ultra resin-based composite (Sybron/Kerr), comprising a state-of-the-art bonding and restoration system for cervical lesions.
restoration with a dentin bonding agent (dba)
Restoration with a dentin bonding agent (DBA) and hybrid resin-based composite: Use of a self-etch DBA Clearfil SE Bond followed by Herculite Ultra resin-based composite (Sybron/Kerr), comprising a state-of-the-art bonding and restoration system for cervical lesions.
(Active Comparator)
Restoration with a resin modified glass ionomer liner (RMGI) (Vitrebond LC, placed on the pulpal floor at a thickness of approximately 0.5 mm) followed by application of a two step self etch DBA and nanofilled resin based composite (RBC).
restoration with a resin modified glass ionomer liner (rmgi)
Restoration with a resin modified glass ionomer liner (RMGI) (Vitrebond LC, placed on the pulpal floor at a thickness of approximately 0.5 mm) followed by application of a two step self etch DBA and nanofilled resin based composite (RBC).

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Hypersensitivity
time frame: 4 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Preoperative caries stage
time frame: Baseline
Lesion depth
time frame: Baseline
Dentin caries activity
time frame: Baseline
Preparation depth
time frame: Baseline
Sleep bruxism status
time frame: Baseline

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 15 years up to 60 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Presence of solely adult dentition ages 15 to 60 (The upper age of 60 years is selected since the pulp space is limited and POH is less likely above this age). 2. Presence of one or more permanent posterior teeth (in different quadrants, with third molars excluded) with the clinical diagnosis of new Class I caries extending into dentin with or without radiographic confirmation. Up to 4 teeth (one per quadrant) may be enrolled. If there is more than one occlusal lesion in a quadrant that meets the inclusion criteria the patient is not eligible for inclusion in the study. Only one tooth per quadrant can be treated during the 4 weeks of this study. 3. Lesion depth, if visible on radiograph, must be ≤1/2 the distance from the Dento-Enamel Junction (DEJ) to the pulp and the radiograph cannot be more than 9 months old. 4. The tooth must be in occlusion with a natural tooth. 5. A resin-based composite restoration would be the standard of care for the lesion. 6. The tooth must be free of evidence of a pulpitis (no report of lingering pain associated with any stimulus). 7. Subjects must be available for contact for at least four weeks post-treatment. 8. Subjects willing and able to understand and sign the IRB-approved informed consent form and for individuals under the age of 18, the parental / guardian assent form. 9. Subject's baseline score on the NPAS must be ≥3 for air and/or cold stimulation but not exhibit pain lasting more than approximately four seconds which is known as "lingering pain" 10. Gingival Index of less than or equal to 2. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Individuals in which the second molars are not fully erupted. 2. Teeth with a mobility of 2 or greater, or inflamed gingival tissues. 3. Existing restoration(s) on the same tooth. 4. Teeth that have been clinically assessed to be fractured. 5. Tooth is an abutment for a removable partial denture. 6. Tooth with subgingival calculus, unless removed during the treatment visit. 7. Subjects undergoing active orthodontic treatment. Use of retainers is allowed. 8. Subjects currently enrolled in or who have completed in the past month a tooth bleaching program. 9. Subjects with prior reaction or inability to tolerate any of the dental products being used, such as severe topical or hypersensitivity reaction. 10. Subjects under treatment for medical disorders including: dementia, Parkinson's disease, severe depression, severe anxiety, and any other medical condition that, in the opinion of the P-I, would affect the subject's judgment of postoperative hypersensitivity and ability to understand the informed consent process. 11. Subjects in another ongoing dental research study.

Additional Information

Official title Resin Based Composite Occlusal Restoration Postoperative Hypersensitivity: Randomized Comparative Effectiveness Research Trial
Principal investigator Frederick A Curro, DMD, Phd
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Pearl Network.