Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition posttraumatic stress disorder
Treatment neurofeedback
Sponsor Justice Resource Institute
Start date December 2009
End date December 2012
Trial size 100 participants
Trial identifier NCT01259921, ANS2008-06

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether neurofeedback (NF) training can significantly reduce the symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in individuals with significant affect dysregulation and chronic, treatment-resistant PTSD. The primary aims of this study include:

1. To examine whether NF has the potential to significantly reduce symptoms of PTSD.

2. To examine whether NF training can specifically target the area of affect regulation.

3. To examine the mechanism of NF through elucidating the relationship between affect regulation and PTSD symptom change.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
40 sessions of SMR neurofeedback training administered twice weekly
neurofeedback EEG Spectrum International
Operant conditioning of the EEG provided by computer reinforcement.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Change in Clinician Administered PTSD Scale Score
time frame: Participants are assessed at baseline (prior to beginning training), post-treatment (corresponding to 20 weeks), and at follow-up (1 year post treatment)

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Change in Davidson Trauma Scale Score
time frame: Participants are assessed at baseline (prior to beginning training), every 4 weeks (corresponding to 8 sessions of training), post-treatment (corresponding to 20 weeks), and at follow-up (1 year post treatment)
Change in Inventory of Altered Self-Capacities Score
time frame: Participants are assessed at baseline (prior to beginning training), every 4 weeks (corresponding to 8 sessions of training), post-treatment (corresponding to 20 weeks), and at follow-up (1 year post treatment)

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 80 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - CAPS score of 60 or over - t-score of 70 or over on the affect dysregulation subscale of the IASC; AND - Treatment-unresponsiveness as defined by having had at least 3 years of prior treatment focused on dealing with the consequences of the index trauma, or having been in treatment with more than three providers during the preceding decade Exclusion Criteria: - Serious non-stable medical illness - GAF < 40 - Bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia, and other psychotic disorder, or documented organic impairment - Active suicidal risk, self-injury or physical aggression toward others within the past year - Substance dependence or abuse in the past 6 months, as defined by DSM IV criteria - Individuals taking a benzodiazepine more than twice per week (non-response seen in pilot work) AND - Any other condition that might interfere with the person's capacity to give informed consent, or to adhere to the study protocol

Additional Information

Official title Application of Neurofeedback as a Mechanism of Affect Regulation Treatment of Adults With Complex Adaptation to Chronic Interpersonal Trauma Exposure
Principal investigator Bessel van der Kolk, M.D.
Description Deficits in affect regulation are associated with a high rate of treatment failure to well-established evidence-based treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and deficits in this domain are most frequently found in individuals with chronic treatment-resistant PTSD. Aside from one psychological treatment intervention for adult female survivors of child sexual abuse, no published study has targeted improving affect regulation in treatment refractory PTSD. The aim of this study is to test and refine EEG neurofeedback (NF) as an effective treatment for PTSD associated with high levels of affect dysregulation. We believe improved affect regulation will lead to an overall improvement in functioning by addressing deficits in executive functioning in PTSD. Primary Aim: The primary goal of the research is to refine and evaluate NF training for adults with treatment-resistant PTSD, specifically targeting the domain of affect regulation. We will evaluate the following questions: 1. Will NF decrease chronic PTSD symptoms in a treatment-resistant sample of adults with childhood onset PTSD, as measured with the CAPS and the DTS? Hypothesis 1: Subjects in the active treatment condition will show significantly greater decreases on the CAPS and DTS than subjects in the placebo condition. 2. Will NF improve affect regulation, as measured by the IASC? Hypothesis 2: Subjects in the active treatment condition will show significantly greater improvement on the affect dysregulation subscale of the IASC than individuals in the placebo condition. 3. Will affect regulation, as measured by the IASC, mediate the relationship of NF training and PTSD, as measured with the DTS? Hypothesis 3: The affect dysregulation subscale of the IASC will significantly mediate the relationship between NF and DTS scores while DTS scores will not significantly mediate affect dysregulation.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2011.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Justice Resource Institute.