This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition patients on dialysis (hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis)
Treatment exercise
Phase phase 4
Sponsor Fondazione C.N.R./Regione Toscana "G. Monasterio", Pisa, Italy
Start date April 2010
End date April 2014
Trial size 500 participants
Trial identifier NCT01255969, EXCITE-001


To evaluate if a model of intervention based on a low-grade physical program prescribed in the dialysis centre and performed at home can modify the functional capacity and quality of life, reduce the risk of cardiovascular and all-causes mortality, non-fatal cardiovascular events and vascular access failure in dialysis patients.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
(No Intervention)
Patients in this arm will undergo to personalized exercise program.
Personalized exercise program

Primary Outcomes

Assessment of Quality of Life (QoL) modification by the KIDNEY DISEASE QUALITY OF LIFE (KDQOL)questionary
time frame: 3 years
Assessment of functional capacity by Six-Minute Walking test and Sit-to-Stand-to-sit test
time frame: 3 years

Secondary Outcomes

Evaluation of mortality (all causes and cardiovascular only), non-fatal cardiovascular events, all-causes hospitalizations and dialysis access survival.
time frame: 3 years
All - causes and cardiovascular hospitalizations
time frame: 3 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients on dialysis - Dialysis vintage>6 mo. - Age>18 aa. - Signed informed consent - Stable clinical conditions Exclusion Criteria: -any physical or clinical limitations to deambulation

Additional Information

Official title EXerCise Introduction To Enhance Performance in Dialysis: the EXCITE Study
Description Background Dialysis patients show an exceedingly higher risk of death and cardiovascular complications (1). These patients are also characterized by poor physical performance and reduced quality of life. Observational findings in the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) indicated that physical rehabilitation programs after coronary artery bypass are associated with better clinical outcomes in this population (2). However, the hypothesis that physical training in dialysis patients may translate into better physical performance and clinical outcomes has never been tested in large randomized clinical trials. In studies performed so far, physical exercise was proposed during the dialysis session or between two dialysis sessions. These programs imply compliance, organization and cost problems, mainly related with intensification of visit to the dialysis centre. To limit these difficulties, a single easy-to-implement program of physical exercise for dialysis patients, prescribed in the dialysis centre but performed at home, has been recently elaborated and a pilot study has shown that this program improves physical performance in medium term (3). Purpose This clinical trial tests whether a physical program prescribed in the dialysis centre but performed at home improves the degree of fitness and the quality of life in dialysis patients. Study population - Inclusion Criteria: - 500 Patients on dialysis - Dialysis vintage>6 months - Age>18 years - Signed informed consent - Stable clinical conditions - Exclusion Criteria: - physical or clinical limitations to deambulation Outcomes: - Functional capacity : Evaluation of the variation in the distance covered in a pre-determined time with a validated walking test (six minute walking test); Evaluation of the variation in the time needed to complete 5 cycles of the "sit-to-stand-to sit" test. - Quality of Life : Score obtained by a validated questionnaire for dialysis patients (Kidney Disease Quality of Life instrument o KDQOL). - Fatal and non-fatal events (cardiovascular and all-causes). - All-cause hospitalizations. - Vascular access survival. The power analysis was performed by calculating the sample size for each clinical outcome contemplated by the study protocol. The overall sample size of the trial is that portended by the calculation demanding the highest individuals numbers (that of the outcome "fatal and non fatal cardiovascular events" in our instance). In a previous observational study by our group, the incident rate of fatal and non fatal cardiovascular events was at three years 25% (4). We hypothesised that the physical exercise will produce a 10% reduction in the hazard ratio of fatal cardiovascular events (hazard ratio: 0.70) as compared to that of the control group. References: 1. Mallamaci F, Tripepi G, Cutrupi S, Malatino LS, Zoccali C. Prognostic value of combined use of biomarkers of inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and myocardiopathy in patients with ESRD. Kidney Int. 2005 Jun;67(6):2330-7. PMID: 15882276 2. Kutner NG, Zhang R, Huang Y, Herzog CA. Cardiac rehabilitation and survival of dialysis patients after coronary bypass. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Apr;17(4):1175-80. Epub 2006 Feb 15. PMID: 16481413 3. Malagoni AM, Catizone L, Mandini S, Soffritti S, Manfredini R, Boari B, Russo G, Basaglia N, Zamboni P, Manfredini F. Acute and long-term effects of an exercise program for dialysis patients prescribed in hospital and performed at home. J Nephrol. 2008 Nov-Dec;21(6):871-8. PMID: 19034871 4. Zoccali C, Tripepi G, Mallamaci F.Predictors of cardiovascular death in ESRD.Semin Nephrol. 2005 Nov;25(6):358-62
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Fondazione C.N.R./Regione Toscana "G. Monasterio", Pisa, Italy.