This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions hyperphosphatemia, esrd
Treatment pkm algorithm
Phase phase 4
Sponsor Fresenius Medical Care North America
Collaborator Renal Research Institute
Start date September 2010
End date September 2011
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT01252771, 10-188


The study aims to investigate the concept of computer based Phosphate Kinetic Modeling (PKM) in the hemodialysis patient population. This computerized algorithm model was developed as a tool to aid physicians in controlling a hemodialysis patient's phosphate level. Once a subject consents to participate in the study, the subject's dietary phosphate intake will be estimated by the modeling program and the appropriate dose of the phosphate binder calcium acetate (PhosLo) will be recommended accordingly. If necessary, the Ca++ concentration of the dialysate will be changed to remove any excess calcium absorbed as the result of an increase in the PhosLo prescription to control phosphorus.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

change in serum phosphorus
time frame: 6 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Subject is capable of giving informed consent. 2. Age > 18 years 3. Thrice weekly hemodialysis with a dialysate Ca++ concentration (CdiCa) of 2.0, 2.25 or 2.5 mEq/L 4. Stable CdiCa of either 2.0, 2.25 or 2.5 mEq/L for ≥ 4 weeks 5. Dialysis vintage ≥ 3 months 6. Three-month average P > 5.5 mg/dL AND 2 of 3 monthly average P >=5.8 mg/dL 7. Patients currently prescribed calcium acetate (PhosLo) mono-therapy , sevelamer monotherapy, or a combination therapy of PhosLo plus sevelamer for phosphate binding with willingness of physician to switch to PhosLo monotherapy 8. Fresenius Optiflux F 160, 180 or 200 dialyzer Exclusion Criteria: 1. Any laboratory abnormality, medical condition or psychiatric disorder which in the opinion of the investigator would put the subject's disease management at risk or may result in the subject being unable to comply with study requirements 2. Known pregnancy 3. Parathyroidectomy 4. iPTH < 50 pg/mL 5. Hospitalization in past 30 days 6. Dialysate potassium prescription other than 2 or 3 mmol/L 7. Serum Ca++ < 7.5 mg/dL 8. Current vitamin D therapy using calcitriol

Additional Information

Official title Phosphate Kinetic Modeling 2
Principal investigator Peter Kotanko, MD
Description PKM consists of a set of validated and computerized algorithms to perform the following steps: 1. Calculate calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) intake and absorption in individual patients as a function of the prescribed doses of Vitamin D analogues, protein catabolic rate (PCR) and dietary and binder Ca intakes. 2. Calculate P removal between dialyses by P binders and P and Ca removal during dialysis from kinetic analysis of total P and Ca transport during dialysis based on dialyzer P and Ca transport coefficients and the levels of dialysate Ca and serum Ca and P. 3. Thus from analysis of intake, absorption and removal the program can calculate net Ca and P balance in modeled patients. 4. Calculate the daily dose of phosphate binder (PhosLo) required to reduce the serum P to normal in patients with hyperphosphatemia. 5. Calculate the dialysate Ca required to achieve zero calcium balance over complete dialysis cycles - the interdialytic interval and immediately succeeding dialytic interval. 6. The program also computes a Phosphorus-Protein ratio (PPR, the total P removed divided by PCR, mg/gm/day) which provides a quantitative index of compliance with prescribed dietary P restriction and/or the prescribed dose of binders. It is hoped that this information will be valuable to guide semi-quantitative evaluations of diet P and binder intakes in patients difficult to manage. Study subjects will bring their PhosLo pill bottles to treatments weekly. At this time the subject's dietitian will determine and record the remaining pills. The comparison of pills taken versus pilled prescribed will be performed with any data available. While weekly counts are desirable for providing more information about the consistency of a patient's compliance, a minimum of monthly counts will be sufficient. This will be done to validate the PPR range needed to accurately identify compliance with PhosLo regimen. Patients will also be instructed to bring all empty PhosLo bottles to site dietitian. The site dietitian will record pill count data in a form for each patient. The updated version of the PKM algorithm also includes computation of the dose of vitamin D analogues and cinacalcet (Sensipar). This modification of the PKM algorithm may help to better achieve neutral calcium balance, because the intestinal calcium absorption heavily depends on vitamin D levels. The computation of cinacalcet aids the control of parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels within the target range.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2011.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Fresenius Medical Care North America.