This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition cancer
Treatments pazopanib, placebo
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Start date November 2010
End date October 2015
Trial size 1540 participants
Trial identifier NCT01235962, 113387


This randomized Phase III study is to evaluate whether pazopanib compared with placebo can prevent or delay recurrence of kidney cancer in patients with moderately high or high risk of developing recurrence after undergoing kidney cancer surgery

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Pazopanib oral agent, administered at 600 mg daily initial dose for 8-12 weeks. Dose can be escalated to 800 mg daily based on safety evaluation. Complete treatment is 12 months. Dose can be reduced, interrupted or discontinued due to adverse events or intolerance.
pazopanib Votrient
Pazopanib 600 mg daily initial dose for 8-12 weeks, dose can be escalated to 800 mg daily based on safety evaluation.
(Placebo Comparator)
placebo matching pazopanib 200 mg tablets, administered at 600 mg daily initial dose for 8-12 weeks. Dose can be escalated to 800 mg daily based on safety evaluation. Complete treatment is 12 months. Dose can be reduced, interrupted or discontinued due to adverse events or intolerance.
placebo matching pazopanib daily initial dose for 8-12 weeks, dose can be escalated to 800 mg daily based on safety evaluation.

Primary Outcomes

Disease-free survival
time frame: approximately 6 years

Secondary Outcomes

Overall survival
time frame: approximately 9 years
Disease-free survival rates at yearly time points (e.g. 1 year, 2 years, etc.).
time frame: yearly for 4 or 5 years
Safety (frequency and severity of adverse events and laboratory abnormalities)
time frame: approximately 12 months
Health Outcome (change from baseline in patients' self-reports on health outcome and quality of life as measured by two instruments: Cancer Therapy-Kidney Symptom Index-19 and EuroQOL-5D
time frame: approximately 6 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Signed written informed consent - Diagnosis of RCC with clear-cell or predominant clear-cell histology - Subjects with non-metastatic disease (M0) fulfilling any of the following combinations of pathologic staging based on American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging version 2010 and Fuhrman nuclear grading. - pT2, G3 or G4, N0; or, - pT3, G any, N0; or, - pT4, G any, N0; or, - pT any, G any, N1 - Fulfill all of the following criteria of disease-free status at baseline: - Had complete gross surgical resection of all RCC via radical or partial nephrectomy using either open or laparoscopic technique. - Baseline imaging of chest, abdomen and pelvis shows no metastasis or residual tumor lesions as confirmed centrally by an independent radiologist. - Received no prior adjuvant or neo-adjuvant treatment for RCC - Recovered from nephrectomy: any surgery related toxicities should be reduced to ≤ grade 1 per NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) (Version 4) - Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) of ≥ 80 - Adequate organ system function Exclusion Criteria: - History of another malignancy. Exception: Subjects who have had another malignancy and have been disease-free for 5 years, or subjects with a history of completely resected non-melanomatous skin carcinoma or successfully treated in situ carcinoma are eligible - Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may increase the risk for gastrointestinal bleeding including, but not limited to: - Active peptic ulcer disease - Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), or other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation - History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra abdominal abscess within 28 days prior to beginning study treatment - Active diarrhea of any grade - Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may affect absorption of investigational product including, but not limited to: - Malabsorption syndrome - Major resection of the stomach or small bowel - History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection - History of active hepatitis - Presence of uncontrolled infection. - History of any one or more of the following cardiovascular conditions within the past 6 months: - Cardiac angioplasty or stenting - Myocardial infarction - Unstable angina - Coronary artery bypass graft surgery - Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease - History of Class III or IV congestive heart failure, as defined by the New York Heart Association Classification of Congestive Heart Failure - History of cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attack (TIA), pulmonary embolism or untreated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) within the past 6 months. - Corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 milliseconds (msec) - Poorly controlled hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) of ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of ≥ 90mmHg. Note: Initiation or adjustment of antihypertensive medication(s) is permitted prior to study entry. Blood pressure (BP) must be re-assessed on two occasions that are separated by a minimum of 1 hour; on each of these occasions, the mean (of 3 readings) SBP / DBP values from each BP assessment must be <140/90 mmHg in order for a subject to be eligible for the study (see Section 7.6.2 for instruction on blood pressure measurement and obtaining mean blood pressure values). - Evidence of active bleeding or bleeding diathesis - Any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric, or other condition that could interfere with subject's safety, provision of informed consent, or compliance to study procedures - Unable or unwilling to discontinue use of prohibited medications for at least 14 days or five half-lives of a drug (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of study treatment and for the duration of the study. - Concurrent therapy given to treat cancer including treatment with an investigational agent or concurrent participation in another clinical trial involving anti-cancer investigational drug. - Administration of an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, preceding the first dose of study treatment. - Have a known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to pazopanib or excipients that in the opinion of the investigator contraindicates their participation. - Prior or current use of systemic anti-VEGF inhibitors, cytokines (e.g. interferon, interleukin 2).

Additional Information

Official title A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Phase III Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Pazopanib as Adjuvant Therapy for Subjects With Localized or Locally Advanced RCC Following Nephrectomy
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Novartis.