Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, aggressive non-hodgkin lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, diffuse large b-cell lymphoma, hematopoietic and lymphoid cell neoplasm, indolent non-hodgkin lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, myelodysplastic syndrome, myeloproliferative neoplasm, prolymphocytic leukemia, recurrent chronic lymphocytic leukemia, recurrent plasma cell myeloma, refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia, refractory chronic myelogenous leukemia, bcr-abl1 positive, refractory hodgkin lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma, t-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia, waldenstrom macroglobulinemia
Treatments allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, cyclosporine, fludarabine phosphate, mycophenolate mofetil, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, sirolimus, total-body irradiation
Phase phase 3
Targets mTOR, FKBP-12
Sponsor Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date November 2010
End date October 2016
Trial size 300 participants
Trial identifier NCT01231412, 2448.00, NCI-2010-02035, P01CA018029, P30CA015704

Summary

This randomized phase III trial studies how well graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis works in treating patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing unrelated donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant. Giving chemotherapy and total-body irradiation before a donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT) helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It may also stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving total-body irradiation (TBI) together with fludarabine phosphate (FLU), cyclosporine (CSP), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), or sirolimus before transplant may stop this from happening.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Patients receive FLU IV over 30 minutes on days -4 to -2. Patients also receive CSP PO BID on days -3 to 96 with taper to day 150 and MMF PO TID daily on days 0-29 and then BID on days 30-150 with taper to day 180. Patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0 following the TBI.
allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation allogeneic stem cell transplantation
Undergo allogeneic PBSCT
cyclosporine 27-400
Given PO or IV
fludarabine phosphate 2-F-ara-AMP
Given IV
mycophenolate mofetil Cellcept
Given PO
peripheral blood stem cell transplantation PBPC transplantation
Undergo allogeneic PBSCT
total-body irradiation TOTAL BODY IRRADIATION
Undergo TBI
(Experimental)
Patients receive FLU and CSP as in Arm I and sirolimus PO QD on days -3 to 150 with taper to day 180. Patients also receive MMF PO TID on days 0-29 and then BID on days 30-40. MMF will then be discontinued without taper unless GVHD or disease relapse/progression occurs. Patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0 following the TBI.
allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation allogeneic stem cell transplantation
Undergo allogeneic PBSCT
cyclosporine 27-400
Given PO or IV
fludarabine phosphate 2-F-ara-AMP
Given IV
mycophenolate mofetil Cellcept
Given PO
peripheral blood stem cell transplantation PBPC transplantation
Undergo allogeneic PBSCT
sirolimus AY 22989
Given PO
total-body irradiation TOTAL BODY IRRADIATION
Undergo TBI

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Rate of acute grade II-IV GHVD, exclusive of GVHD that occurs as a result of alterations to immunosuppressive therapy in response to relapse or progression
time frame: At day 100 post-transplant

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Chronic extensive GVHD
time frame: Up to 5 years
Grade III-IV acute GVHD
time frame: Up to 100 days
Non-relapse mortality
time frame: Up to 5 years
Overall survival
time frame: Up to 5 years
Relapse
time frame: Up to 5 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants of any age.

Inclusion Criteria: - Ages > 50 years with hematologic malignancies treatable by unrelated hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) - Ages =< 50 years of age with hematologic diseases treatable by allogeneic HCT who through pre-existing medical conditions or prior therapy are considered to be at high risk for regimen related toxicity associated with a high dose transplant (> 40% risk of transplant related mortality [TRM]); this criterion can include patients with a HCT-comorbidity index (CI) score of >= 1; transplants should be approved for these inclusion criteria by the principal investigators at the collaborating centers and at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC); all children < 12 years must be discussed with the FHCRC principal investigator (PI) prior to registration - Ages =< 50 years of age with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) - Ages =< 50 years of age with hematologic diseases treatable by allogeneic HCT who refuse a high-dose HCT; transplants must be approved for these inclusion criteria by the principal investigators at the collaborating centers and at FHCRC - The following diseases will be permitted although other diagnoses can be considered if approved by Patient Care Conference (PCC) or the participating institutions' patient review committees and the principal investigators - Aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and other histologies such as diffuse large B cell NHL: not eligible for autologous HCT, not eligible for high-dose allogeneic HCT, or after failed autologous HCT - Mantle cell NHL: may be treated in first complete remission (CR); (diagnostic lumbar puncture [LP] required pre-transplant) - Low grade NHL: with < 6 month duration of CR between courses of conventional therapy - CLL: must have either: - Failed to meet National Cancer Institute (NCI) Working Group criteria for complete or partial response after therapy with a regimen containing FLU (or another nucleoside analog, e.g. 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine [2-CDA], pentostatin) or experience disease relapse within 12 months after completing therapy with a regimen containing FLU (or another nucleoside analog); - Failed FLU-cyclophosphamide (CY)-Rituximab (FCR) combination chemotherapy at any time point; or - Have "17p deletion" cytogenetic abnormality; patients should have received induction chemotherapy but could be transplanted in 1st CR; or - Patients with a diagnosis of CLL (or small lymphocytic lymphoma) or diagnosis of CLL that progresses to prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL), or T-cell CLL or PLL - Hodgkin lymphoma: must have received and failed frontline therapy - Multiple myeloma: must have received prior chemotherapy; consolidation of chemotherapy by autografting prior to nonmyeloablative HCT is permitted - Acute myeloid leukemia (AML): must have < 5% marrow blasts at the time of transplant - Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL): must have < 5% marrow blasts at the time of transplant - Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML): patients in 1st chronic phase (CP1) must have failed or be intolerant of tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKI); patients beyond CP1 will be accepted if they have < 5% marrow blasts at time of transplant - Myelodysplasia (MDS)/myeloproliferative syndrome (MPS): patients must have < 5% marrow blasts at time of transplant - Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia: must have failed 2 courses of therapy - DONOR: FHCRC matching allowed will be grades 1.0 to 2.1: Unrelated donors who are prospectively: - Matched for human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 by high resolution typing - Only a single allele disparity will be allowed for HLA-A, B, or C as defined by high resolution typing - DONOR: Donors are excluded when preexisting immunoreactivity is identified that would jeopardize donor hematopoietic cell engraftment; this determination is based on the standard practice of the individual institution; the recommended procedure for patients with 10 of 10 HLA allele level (phenotypic) match is to obtain a panel reactive antibody (PRA) screens to class I and class II antigens for all patients before HCT; if the PRA shows > 10% activity, then flow cytometric or B and T cell cytotoxic cross matches should be obtained; the donor should be excluded if any of the cytotoxic cross match assays are positive; for those patients with an HLA class I allele mismatch, flow cytometric or B and T cell cytotoxic cross matches should be obtained regardless of the PRA results; a positive anti-donor cytotoxic crossmatch is an absolute donor exclusion - DONOR: Patient and donor pairs homozygous at a mismatched allele in the graft rejection vector are considered a two-allele mismatch, i.e., the patient is A*0101 and the donor is A*0102, and this type of mismatch is not allowed - DONOR: Only filgrastim (G-CSF) mobilized PBSC only will be permitted as a hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) source on this protocol Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with rapidly progressive intermediate or high grade NHL - Patients with a diagnosis of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) - Patients with refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) who have not received myelosuppressive chemotherapy i.e. induction chemotherapy - Central nervous system (CNS) involvement with disease refractory to intrathecal chemotherapy - Presence of circulating leukemic blasts (in the peripheral blood) detected by standard pathology for patients with AML, ALL or CML - Presence of >= 5% circulating leukemic blasts (in the peripheral blood) detected by standard pathology for patients with MDS/MPS - Fertile men or women unwilling to use contraceptive techniques during and for 12 months following treatment - Females who are pregnant or breast-feeding - Patients with active non-hematological malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers) or those with non-hematological malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers) who have been rendered with no evidence of disease, but have a greater than 20% chance of having disease recurrence within 5 years; this exclusion does not apply to patients with non-hematologic malignancies that do not require therapy - Fungal infections with radiological progression after receipt of amphotericin B or active triazole for greater than 1 month - Cardiac ejection fraction < 35% (or, if unable to obtain ejection fraction, shortening fraction of < 26%); ejection fraction is required if age > 50 years or there is a history of anthracycline exposure or history of cardiac disease; patients with a shortening fraction < 26% may be enrolled if approved by a cardiologist - Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 40%, total lung capacity (TLC) < 40%, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) < 40% and/or receiving supplementary continuous oxygen - The FHCRC PI of the study must approve of enrollment of all patients with pulmonary nodules - Patients with clinical or laboratory evidence of liver disease would be evaluated for the cause of liver disease, its clinical severity in terms of liver function, and the degree of portal hypertension; patients will be excluded if they are found to have fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis of the liver with evidence of portal hypertension, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, a history of bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, uncorrectable hepatic synthetic dysfunction evinced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bridging fibrosis, bacterial or fungal liver abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin > 3 mg/dL, or symptomatic biliary disease - Karnofsky scores < 60 or Lansky Score < 50 - Patient has poorly controlled hypertension and on multiple antihypertensives - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients - Active bacterial or fungal infections unresponsive to medical therapy - All patients receiving antifungal therapy voriconazole, posaconazole, or fluconazole and who are then randomized to ARM 2 must have sirolimus reduced according to the Standard Practice Antifungal Therapy Guidelines - The addition of cytotoxic agents for "cytoreduction" with the exception of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (such as imatinib), cytokine therapy, hydroxyurea, low dose cytarabine, chlorambucil, or Rituxan will not be allowed within three weeks of the initiation of conditioning - DONOR: Donor (or centers) who will exclusively donate marrow - DONOR: Donors who are HIV-positive and/or, medical conditions that would result in increased risk for G-CSF mobilization and harvest of PBSC

Additional Information

Official title A Randomized Phase III Study to Determine the Most Promising Postgrafting Immunosuppression for Prevention of Acute GVHD After Unrelated Donor Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Using Nonmyeloablative Conditioning for Patients With Hematologic Malignancies: A Multi-center Trial
Principal investigator Brenda Sandmaier
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare the effectiveness of 2 GVHD prophylaxis regimens in preventing acute grades II-IV GVHD. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Compare non-relapse mortality in the 2 arms. II. Compare survival and progression-free survivals in the 2 arms. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. All patients receive FLU intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days -4 to -2 followed by 2-3 Gy TBI on day 0. ARM I: Patients receive CSP orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days -3 to 96 with taper to day 150 and MMF PO three times daily (TID) on days 0-29 and then BID on days 30-150 with taper to day 180. ARM II: Patients receive CSP as in Arm I and sirolimus PO once daily (QD) on days -3 to 150 with taper to day 180. Patients also receive MMF PO TID on days 0-29 and then BID on days 30-40. MMF will then be discontinued without taper unless GVHD or disease relapse/progression occurs. TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0 following the TBI. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.
Location data was received from the National Cancer Institute and was last updated in August 2016.