Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) With Diazepam
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||posttraumatic stress disorder|
|Sponsor||Hadassah Medical Organization|
|Start date||May 2013|
|End date||May 2014|
|Trial size||40 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01221883, ER DIAZEPAM PTSD- HMO-CTIL|
PTSD is a pervasive and frequent disorder. Early psychological treatment - but not pharmacology - effectively prevent PTSD.
Current pharmacological studies did not include treatment given immediately after trauma exposure.
However, a recent study of opiates suggests that their early administration may reduce the likelihood of developing PTSD - possibly by mitigating early post-traumatic distress (UCR) - within an adequate window of time.
Benzodiazepines are often used to reduce anxiety and agitation during stressful situations - including traumatic event.
These compounds may increase the likelihood of developing PTSD when administered few days after the traumatic event - but their effect as an immediate intervention has not been studied - despite their frequent and uninformed use at this stage.
This work will evaluate the effect of diazepam - a BZ compound - on PTSD symptom trajectory following traumatic event in a randomized controlled design.
Following the studies of opiates it is hoped that diazepam, administered within hours of the traumatic event, and before the first night sleep (a memory consolidating condition) will reduce the likelihood of developing PTSD. However, an adverse effect cannot be excluded, and thus the investigators posit a bidirectional hypothesis.
The importance of this work is that it will provide the necessary evidence to sanction a frequently practiced use of benzodiazepines.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Masking||double blind (subject, investigator, outcomes assessor)|
Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Scale (CAPS)
time frame: 20 minutes
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 67 years old.
- Outpatients that have experienced an acute event that meets the DSM-IV A.1 PTSD criterion: "the person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others;"
- Outpatients that also meet DSM-IV A.2. PTSD criterion: "the person's response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror;" and
- Outpatients that have a heart rate upon ED presentation >80 BPM
- Outpatients that hadn't fallen asleep for a night after traumatic event before ED arrival;
- Physical injury that requires hospitalization, interferes with a patient's ability to cooperate with screening or give informed consent, or otherwise contraindicates participation;
- Traumatic event reflecting ongoing victimization (e.g., domestic violence) to which the patient is likely to be re-exposed during the study period;
- Head injury with loss of consciousness or amnesia;
- Medical condition that contraindicates the administration of diazepam :
- hepatic insufficiency, severe
- hypersensitivity to diazepam
- myasthenia gravis
- narrow-angle glaucoma, acute
- respiratory insufficiency, severe
- sleep apnea syndrome
- Current use of medication that may involve potentially dangerous interactions with diazepam, including opioids, barbitals and another benzodiazepines; when used in combination, these drugs have additive CNS and respiratory depressant effects
- Women who are currently pregnant or nursing.
- Those at immediate risk of harming self or others; those who have a clinically significant medical illness or other significant psychiatric illness;
- Overt psychopathology, substance abuse/dependence, intoxication, odor of alcohol, or discernible substance effect;
|Official title||Early Pharmacological Intervention With Diazepam in the Emergency Room Setting to Prevent Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).|
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