Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions gastric cancer, lung cancer
Treatments respiration correlated ct scan
Sponsor Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Collaborator University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Start date September 2010
End date September 2017
Trial size 44 participants
Trial identifier NCT01213004, 10-146

Summary

Tumors must be seen clearly on CT scan to be radiated completely and safely. Breathing causes tumors to move. If the tumor moves during breathing, it can look blurred on the CT scan. This makes it difficult to see on CT scan. The investigators wish to investigate whether a new computer method makes tumors less blurry and easier to see on CT scan. Cone-beam CT is a type of CT scanner attached to the radiation treatment machine that produces 3D images of the patient. Since your tumor can move because of your normal breathing, it is often blurry and difficult to see accurately in a standard cone-beam CT scan. The investigators intend to use a computer method which processes the cone-beam CT data in a way that reduces the blurring and makes the tumor easier to see.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose diagnostic
Arm
(Experimental)
On the same day as the CBCT scans and treatment session, patients will receive a research-only respiration correlated CT (RCCT scan), for calculating motion-corrected CBCT. The localization accuracy of motion-corrected CBCT using same-day RCCT will be compared to that using the standard RCCT from simulation.
respiration correlated ct scan
Thoracic malignancies (study group 1): Patients to be treated for gastro-esophageal junction (GEJ) malignancy undergo an implantation procedure of two or three radiopaque markers several days prior to treatment simulation, which are used to correct patient position at treatment. At treatment simulation, patients receive a standard CT scan followed by an RCCT scan. In cases of GEJ malignancy, oral contrast is administered prior to the standard CT scan; this is done at the treating physician's discretion. The standard CT is used to design the radiation treatment plan, where as the RCCT is used to define a volume that encompasses the motion extent of the tumor with breathing and is transferred to the standard CT.
(Experimental)
On the same day as the CBCT scans and treatment session, patients will receive a research-only respiration correlated CT (RCCT scan), for calculating motion-corrected CBCT. The localization accuracy of motion-corrected CBCT using same-day RCCT will be compared to that using the standard RCCT from simulation.
respiration correlated ct scan
Abdominal malignancies (study group 2): Patients undergo an implantation procedure of two or three radiopaque markers several days prior to treatment simulation. At treatment simulation, patients receive a standard CT scan followed by an RCCT scan. Intravenous contrast is administered prior to the standard CT; this is done at the treating physician's discretion.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
To determine whether motion-corrected cone-beam CT (CBCT) improves the localization accuracy
time frame: 2 years
To determine whether motion-corrected cone-beam CT (CBCT) can visualize and localize abdominal tumors using intravenous contrast enhancement.
time frame: 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
To determine whether motion-corrected cone-beam CT (CBCT) derived from a respiration correlated CT (RCCT) scan on the same day improves localization accuracy
time frame: 2 years
To determine whether tumor and organ-at-risk positions localized in cone-beam CT (CBCT)
time frame: 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients must have histologic proof of a thoracic or abdominal malignancy, confirmed at MSKCC and suitable for radiation therapy, in order to be eligible for this study. Thoracic malignancies (study group 1) include those in lung and gastro-esophageal junction. Abdominal malignancies (study group 2) include those in liver and pancreas. Patients having both thoracic and abdominal malignancies will be placed in only one of the study groups, because the limited field-of-view of the CBCT precludes imaging of both malignancies in the same scan. Patients must be older than 18 years of age - At least part of the tumor must be visible as observed in a diagnostic or planning CT. The tumor must exhibit at least 5 mm motion from respiration as observed in the respiration-correlated CT (RCCT) at simulation. The RCCT scan must be interpretable and not exhibit excessive motion artifacts caused by irregular patient breathing. - Patients must have Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 70% Exclusion Criteria: - Mesothelioma and other tumors of the pleura - Pregnant Women - Allergic to iodine or intravenous contrast agent (applies only to patients with a pancreas or liver malignancy) - Renal impairment due to the use of a contrast agent - Patients with pacemakers and defibrillators

Additional Information

Official title Evaluation of Respiratory Motion-Corrected Cone-Beam CT in Radiation Treatment of Thoracic and Abdominal Cancers
Principal investigator Gikas Mageras, PhD
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.