Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions pulmonary arterial hypertension, hiv infection, congenital heart defect, systemic sclerosis, connective tissue disease
Treatments skin biopsy, blood sample
Sponsor Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Start date June 2010
End date September 2016
Trial size 629 participants
Trial identifier NCT01208792, P071209

Summary

The investigators have recently evidenced the presence of antibodies to endothelial cells and fibroblasts in patients with idiopathic or SSc-associated PAH. The investigators also have identified several target antigens of anti-fibroblasts antibodies.

The objective of this study is to further investigate for the presence of antibodies to endothelial cells and fibroblasts in patients and characterize the antigen specificity of autoantibodies in patients with different types of non idiopathic and non SSc-associated PAH, such as PAH associated with HIV infection, porto-pulmonary hypertension, congenital heart diseases, systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed connective tissue disease and Sjögren's syndrome

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Intervention model factorial assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose diagnostic
Arm
(Experimental)
Two hundred patients with PAH will be included: 50 patients with idiopathic PAH (iPAH), 20 with PAH associated with HIV infection, 20 with porto-pulmonary hypertension, 20 with PAH secondary to congenital heart disorders, 40 with SSc, 20 with SLE, 20 with MCTD and 10 with a PAH associated with a Sjögren's syndrome. Two hundred patients without PAH will also be included: 80 patients with SSc and 20 in each of the following groups: HIV infection, porto-pulmonary hypertension, SLE, congenital heart disorders, MCTD and with Sjögren's syndrome.
skin biopsy
The biopsy site (usually the forearm) will be first cleaned, and then anesthetized with pain relieving (spray, cream, or injection). The skin is then sampled using a punch that takes a core (a small cylindrical fragment of tissue from the area of interest
blood sample
a blood sample will be collected
(Other)
Two hundred healthy blood donors age and sex-matched with patients with PAH, will be included as controls.
blood sample
a blood sample will be collected
(Other)
Twenty patients with proximal chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTPH) will also be included in a control arm of the study.
blood sample
a blood sample will be collected

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Immunological markers of prognosis interest in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)
time frame: one year

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Target antigens of autoantibodies
time frame: one year
Subpopulations of patients with PAH whose serum is able to induce the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS)
time frame: one year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: age over 18 - for PAH patients: pre-capillary PAH evidenced by right-heart catheterization - no associated systemic disease for idiopathic PAH patients - for HIV patients, HIV1 infection confirmed by ELISA and western blot - for patients with porto pulmonary hypertension: evidence by endoscopy of esophageal varices, confirmation of hepatic venous pressure gradient over 5 mmHg by catheterization of the hepatic veins - for patients with congenital heart defect: evidence by imaging of atrial or ventricular septal defect, or patent ductus arterious and confirmed by heart catheterization - patients with SSc will fulfill the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the LEROY and MEDSGER criteria - patients with MCTD will fulfill the criteria for MCTD - patients with SLE will fulfill the updated and revised ACR criteria - patients with Sjögren's syndrome will fulfill the American-European consensus group criteria - patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: Lung scintiscan showing segmental mismatched perfusion defects and confirmation by angiography of the occlusion and the chance of success of endarterectomy according to the location of disease - Signed written informed consent - Patients with health insurance Exclusion Criteria: - age under 18 - pregnant women - absence of written informed consent - associated malignant tumor

Additional Information

Official title Auto-immunity and Prognosis of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Principal investigator Luc Mouthon, MD, PhD
Description Two hundred and fifty patients with PAH will be included: 65 patients with idiopathic PAH (iPAH), 20 with PAH associated with HIV infection, 20 with porto-pulmonary hypertension, 20 with PAH secondary to congenital heart disorders, 40 with SSc, 20 with SLE, 20 with MCTD and 10 with a PAH associated with a Sjögren's syndrome. Two hundred patients without PAH will also be included: 80 patients with SSc and 20 in each of the following groups: HIV infection, porto-pulmonary hypertension, SLE, congenital heart disorders, MCTD and with Sjögren's syndrome. Twenty patients with proximal chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTPH) will also be included in a control arm of the study. Two hundred and fifty healthy blood donors age and sex-matched with patients with PAH, will be included as controls. By using 2D-immunoblotting techniques, we will evidence IgG antibodies to fibroblasts, EC, vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) in multiple groups of patients and we will characterize target antigens of these autoantibodies. We will also assess the production of ROS: nitric oxide (NO), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and the effect of the whole serum (and the IgG particularly) on in VITRO proliferation of EC, fibroblasts and vascular SMC. For sera that will induce the production of ROS, we will study the effect of different vasodilatator (prostacycline, endothelin receptor antagonist, type 5 phosphodiesterase inhibitors) and anti-oxidant therapies. Expected results We will characterize target antigens of autoantibodies of patients with non-idiopathic and non SSc-associated PAH. We will compare these target to those previously identified in idiopathic or SSc-associated PAH. We will then, distinguish subpopulations of PAH patients whose serum or purified IgG (possibly specific for a given antigen) are able to induce ROS production or cell proliferation. For the population of ROS-producer patients, we will correlate the clinical response to vasodilatator therapy to results of in VITRO inhibition experiments with vasodilatators and anti-oxidant molecules. Perspectives The characterization of target antigens of EC, fibroblasts and vascular SMC specifically
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris.