Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition diabetes mellitus, type 2
Treatment metformin and saxagliptin
Phase phase 4
Sponsor ikfe-CRO GmbH
Collaborator AstraZeneca
Start date February 2010
End date February 2011
Trial size 120 participants
Trial identifier NCT01206647, AZ-SAX-001

Summary

The purpose of this study is to investigate the success rate of a switch from insulin therapy to a metformin & saxagliptin combination in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(No Intervention)
The patients randomized to the control arm will continue their current therapy, as individually prescribed. Insulin will be administered via subcutaneous injection and OADs (if applicable) will be administered orally, as individually prescribed.
(Experimental)
Saxagliptin and metformin tablets will be administered orally. Pioglitazione (Rescue medication) tablets will be administered orally. Insulin glargine (Rescue medication) will be administered via subcutaneous injection as individually prescribed.
metformin and saxagliptin
Metformin 500mg/daily titrated to 2000mg/d in 4 Weeks (continued for 20 weeks) Saxagliptin 5 mg daily over complete trial

Primary Outcomes

Measure
percentage of patients with stable HbA1c
time frame: 26 ± 2 weeks (baseline to postbaseline values) at 4 week intervals

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
impact of the switch on:
time frame: 26 ± 2 weeks (baseline to postbaseline values)
impact of the switch on:
time frame: 26 ± 2 weeks (baseline to postbaseline values)
impact of the switch on:
time frame: 26 ± 2 weeks (baseline to postbaseline values)
impact of the switch on:
time frame: 26 ± 2 weeks (baseline to postbaseline values)
impact of the switch on:
time frame: 26 ± 2 weeks (baseline to postbaseline values)
impact of the switch on:
time frame: 26 ± 2 weeks (baseline to postbaseline values)
impact of the switch on:
time frame: 26 ± 2 weeks (baseline to postbaseline values)

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 80 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Combination of OAD and basal insulin treatment (BOT) or intensified conventional therapy (ICT; > 2 injections of basal and prandial) or conventional insulin therapy (CIT; 1 or 2 injections of basal or biphasic) - HbA1c < 7.5 % - Age: 18-80 years inclusively - Duration of insulin therapy > 1 year - Insulin dose < 120 IU/day - Fasting C-peptide > 0.6 ng/l - Fasting glucose ≤ 210 mg/dl - Full legal, mental and physical ability to give informed consent - Patient consent that the general physician will be informed of trail participation - Experience in self measurement of blood glucose > 1 year Exclusion Criteria: - Type 1 Diabetes mellitus - History of drug or alcohol abuse within the last five years prior to screening - History of severe or multiple allergies - Progressive fatal disease - History of significant cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, hepatic (ALAT and/or ASAT > 3 times the normal reference range), neurological, psychiatric and/or haematological disease as judged by the investigator - Renal insufficiency or history of significant renal diseases (creatinine clearance lower than 60 ml/min determined using the Cockroft-Goult equation). - Contra-indications for study drugs including contraindications for the rescue drugs - Anamnestic history of hypersensitivity to the study drugs or to drugs with similar chemical structures - Pregnancy or breast feeding - Sexually active women of childbearing potential not consistently and correctly practicing birth control by implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs), sexual abstinence or vasectomised partner - Treatment with any other investigational drug within 3 months prior to screening - Lack of compliance or other similar reason, that according to investigator, precludes satisfactory participation in the study

Additional Information

Official title Investigation of a Switch From Insulin Therapy to a Metformin & Saxagliptin Combination in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Principal investigator Andreas Pfützner, Prof.Dr.Dr.
Description The following study is based on a previous clinical trial performed at ikfe GmbH in Mainz in 2006 and 2007 (PIOswitch). [2] The purpose of this trial was to demonstrate that type 2 diabetes patients treated with insulin can be effectively switched to a pioglitazone/glimepiride combination without loss of glycemic control. The study was performed with 100 patients, out of whom 76 were finally successfully switched, resulting in a cheaper and more convenient therapy with indications of an improved laboratory cardiovascular risk biomarker profile (Hohberg et al., Diabetes Obes. Metab. 11:464-471, 2009). [2] Glimeperide is an agent with unspecific stimulating effect on the ß-cell and is considered to accelerate the progression of the disease while still controlling blood glucose. In addition, it may cause hypoglycemia. The combination of pioglitazone with glimepiride was selected, because pioglitazone requires approx. 5-6 weeks for developing its full anti-diabetic efficacy and an immediate effect on glucose was required to avoid glycemic deterioration. It is tempting to speculate that the combination of a drug providing ß-cell protection (like saxagliptin) with a drug effectively and rapidly lowering blood glucose through a different mechanism of action (metformin) instead of unspecific ß-cell stimulation would result in an even improved outcome without risk of hypoglycemia. The purpose of this study is to investigate the success rate of a switch from insulin therapy to a metformin & saxagliptin combination in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2010.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by ikfe-CRO GmbH.