Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition dental caries
Treatments motivational interviewing, preventive dental services
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Boston University
Collaborator National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Start date January 2011
End date November 2016
Trial size 3720 participants
Trial identifier NCT01205971, 09-011-E, U54DE019275

Summary

Dental caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood and is increasing in prevalence in children 2-5 years old. Racial and ethnic minority groups as well as economically disadvantaged individuals are affected the most by this health outcome. This study will test if a community-based multimodal intervention will reduce 2-year incidence of early childhood caries (ECC) in children aged 0-5 living in public housing developments. The intervention combines the components of motivational interviewing (counseling) delivered by dental health advocates, fluoride varnish application, oral health assessment and referral. The investigators hypothesize that the multimodal intervention with motivational interviewing will reduce ECC behavioral risk factors thereby leading to a reduction of ECC incidence when compared to fluoride varnish application, written oral health education materials and oral health assessment and referral.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Experimental)
Motivational Interviewing to reduce caregiver risk factors for early childhood caries in their children is delivered by Dental Health Advocates (trained public housing residents) in combination with fluoride varnish applications, oral health assessments and referrals for children.
motivational interviewing
Motivational interviewing is delivered by trained public housing residents, every 3 months for a total of 8 sessions over 24 months.
(Active Comparator)
Fluoride varnish applications, written oral health education materials regarding early childhood caries prevention, oral health assessments and referrals.
preventive dental services
Written oral health educational materials

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Dental caries incidence
time frame: 24 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Behavioral risk factors for early childhood caries
time frame: 24 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants of any age.

Inclusion Criteria: - be living in participating public housing sites - have one or more children 0-5 years old or be in their third trimester of pregnancy - plan to live in their current housing development for the ensuing 24 months - be able and willing to provide informed consent Exclusion Criteria: - caregivers unable to communicate orally in English or Spanish - subject child has a known systemic disease associated with abnormal tooth development or abnormal oral health status such as cleft lip or palate, Burkett's lymphoma, osteogenesis imperfecta, ameliogenesis imperfecta, or dentinogenesis imperfecta - children who have a known allergy to fluoride varnish and its components - caregivers less than 15 years old

Additional Information

Official title Oral Health Advocates in Public Housing
Principal investigator Michelle M Henshaw, DDS, MPH
Description Dental caries is the most common, chronic disease of childhood, is increasing in prevalence, and disproportionately affects individuals who are financially disadvantaged and from racial and ethnic minority groups. Given the chronic nature of dental caries, clinically based preventive and restorative care alone will likely be inadequate to decrease disparities in early childhood caries (ECC) prevalence. We posit that a multimodal community-based approach, which addresses the chronic, infectious and multifactorial nature of dental caries, will be more effective than either behavioral counseling and the chemotherapeutic effects of fluoride alone. In addition to counseling and fluoride application, a successful community-based multimodal intervention will also need to equip caregivers with the skills to become involved in the prevention and management of ECC. This group randomized clinical trial will test if a community-based multimodal intervention will reduce the 2-year ECC incidence of children aged 0-5 living in public housing developments. The intervention combines evidence based components and a unique delivery setting (public housing). We hypothesize that the multimodal intervention comprised of oral health assessment and feedback, fluoride varnish application, and motivational interviewing delivered by Dental Health Advocates (trained public housing residents) can reduce incidence of ECC in 0-5 year olds compared with a control group that receives oral health assessment and feedback, fluoride varnish application, and written oral health education materials. This study is well poised for dissemination. Ultimately, this work could be disseminated nationwide and could potentially improve the oral health of over 500,000 family households and over 1 million children living in public housing.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Boston University.