Urinary Steroid Metabolites in Autism
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||autism, autism spectrum disorder|
|Sponsor||Intersci Research Association, Austria|
|Start date||September 2010|
|End date||July 2011|
|Trial size||160 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01197131, protocol 1.0/18/06/2010|
Deviation of hormone formation within nerve cells and nerve system provides autism spectrum disorder and neurodevelopment retardation through interaction of steroids with neurotransmitter-receptors, calcium-channel receptors and genomic interaction via nuclear steroid receptors.
Urinary steroid metabolites will be compared between children with autism spectrum disorder and healthy controls.
difference in hormone formation and androgen precursors
time frame: 3 years
difference in hormone formation in gender and age
time frame: 3 years
Male or female participants from 5 years up to 15 years old.
- Autism spectrum disorder
- Age 5-15 years
- Psychotropic medication
- other severe illness
|Official title||Investigation of Urinary Steroid Metabolites in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder|
|Principal investigator||Johann Kurz, MD|
|Description||Autism spectrum disorder presents many alterations in amino acid metabolism and in neurotransmitter systems (gamma amino acid system, glutamate-glutamine, nicotine-acid, serotonin-system) . Also alteration in gene activation within nerve cells and lymphocyte cultures encloses over 600 genes, affecting a wide field of enzymes , metabolic pathways and hormone formation. Male hormones and their precursors are often increased and their influence to nerve cell growth and spine formation is evident. The diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder is made in accordance of criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV) of the American Psychiatric Association by an experienced and specialised paediatrician or psychologist and /or by an Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) or Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) . Overnight urine with measurement of quantity and time will be collected and a little part of the urinary samples will be frozen for storage till analysis. Age, weight and length of the children at collection time will be ascertained. Four stratified groups (autistic boys, girls, and healthy controls, boys and girls, each age 5-15) will be formed. Urinary samples will further remain anonymous through an Identification-Number (ID). Analysis of hormones and the most of the known metabolites excreted in urine will be performed by a specialised laboratory using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis (University Hospital Bern, Steroid Laboratory, Switzerland). The statistical analysis, with age, gender, weight, diagnosis and hormone analysis results as factors , consists in linear regression analysis to detect deviation in hormone formation and metabolism.|
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