This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition alcohol consumption
Treatments protective behavioral strategies feedback, personalized normative feedback, alcohol education
Phase phase 2
Sponsor University of Missouri-Columbia
Collaborator National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Start date January 2010
End date September 2011
Trial size 420 participants
Trial identifier NCT01168726, 1R21AA016779-01A2, Protective Behaviors


Excessive college student drinking represents an important public health problem for both the students themselves and those with whom they interact. The objective of this research is to better understand how to reduce such high-risk drinking by improving prevention and treatment programs, which will provide an overall public health benefit. Subjects in the study will be randomized to one of two brief intervention conditions or an education-only control condition. It is hypothesized that those in the intervention conditions will report greater reductions in alcohol use and alcohol-related problems than those in the control condition.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (subject)
Primary purpose prevention
protective behavioral strategies feedback
Personalized feedback on use of protective behavioral strategies.
personalized normative feedback
Personalized feedback on how one's own drinking compares to relevant norms.
(Active Comparator)
alcohol education
Educational information about harms associated with heavy drinking.

Primary Outcomes

Alcohol Use
time frame: 6 Months
Alcohol-Related Problems
time frame: 6 months

Secondary Outcomes

Social Norms
time frame: 6 months
Protective Behaviors
time frame: 6 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 24 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - At least one binge drinking episode in the preceding month Exclusion Criteria: - At-risk for alcohol dependence or major depressive disorder

Additional Information

Official title Protective Behavioral Strategies and Brief Alcohol Interventions
Description The primary objective of this project is to examine factors that are associated with the effectiveness of intervention programs designed to reduce high-risk drinking among heavy drinking college students. Previous research has found similar effect sizes for different types of multi-component, brief interventions among college students, but little research has assessed the degree to which specific components of such interventions are associated with intervention outcomes. One common component of motivational enhancing interventions among college students involves providing cognitive-behavioral self-control strategies designed to reduce one's use of alcohol, which we term "protective behavioral strategies" (PBS). However, there are two important factors that limit our understanding of the effects of PBS on client outcomes. First, the use of these strategies in motivational enhancing programs has generally not been assessed in a systematic manner, due in part to the fact that until recently a standardized measure of such strategies did not exist. Second, researchers have yet to conduct studies that dismantle the specific effects associated with the PBS component on client outcomes. That is, studies have not tested interventions with and without assessment and feedback regarding a client's use of PBS. Participants in this project will be "at-risk" college student drinkers who will be assigned to one of three conditions: a brief intervention that includes a focus on PBS, a brief intervention that does not include this focus, and an education-only control condition. Participant will complete self-report measures of alcohol-related variables at baseline, 30-day, and 6-month follow-ups. Mixed-model analyses will be used to determine the effectiveness of the intervention programs, and structural equation modeling will be used to determine if increases in PBS result in reductions in alcohol use/alcohol-related problems.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2011.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Missouri-Columbia.