The Role of the Thymus in Myasthenia Gravis
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||myasthenia gravis, thymoma|
|Sponsor||Charite University, Berlin, Germany|
|Start date||August 2007|
|End date||December 2016|
|Trial size||80 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01102192, Thymus in myasthenia gravis|
Although the association between thymic hyperplasia / thymoma and autoimmune myasthenia gravis has been known for some time, the question of causality remains uncertain. Recent research findings indicate, however, that especially in myasthenia patients with thymomas a non-physiological export of naive CD4 + T-cells can take place by the tumour and this could possibly play an important role in the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis. The investigators want to analyse the functionality and specificity of t-cells generated in thymomas as well as the effect of thymectomy on the immune system.
|Observational model||case control|
Myasthenia gravis with thymoma
Myasthenia gravis without thymoma
Thymoma without Myasthenia gravis
cardiac, or thyroid surgery
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
- Patients with compelling indications for thymectomy due to thymoma (with or without myasthenia gravis), Or
- Patients with elective indication for thymectomy due to thymoma without myasthenia gravis
- Patients with indication for a heart or thyroid surgery, in which for op-technical reasons, a (partial) resection of the thymus is performed.
- Signed informed consent form
- Age > 17 Years
- Other immunological diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis
|Principal investigator||Andreas Meisel, MD|
|Description||On one hand we want to perform a detailed analysis of the T-cells generated in thymomas in terms of their functional capacity and their specificity. We will analyse blood and thymoma tissue of patients with myasthenia gravis with thymona, patients with myasthenia gravis without thymona, and patients with thymona without myasthenia gravis. Hypothesis: The T-cells which are generated in the thymoma in thymoma-associated myasthenia gravis can be differentiated from T-cells which are generated in normal thymoma tissue with regard to functionality and T-cell receptor specificity. This non-physiological T-cell maturation might be the cause for the formation of auto-antibodies. On the other hand we want to examine the effects of thymectomy on the immune system in the context of myasthenia gravis. We will analyse blood and thymoma tissue of patients with myasthenia gravis with thymona, patients with myasthenia gravis without thymona, patients with thymona without myasthenia gravis and patients with cardiac, or thyroid surgery. Hypothesis: 1. Thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis leads to a reduced number of auto-reactive, e.g. Acetylcholine receptor (ACh-R)-specific T cells. In contrast, T-cells with other specifities, for example against CMV or tetanus, are not affected. 2. The non-physiological export of thymocytes from thymomas leads to a significant shift in leukocyte populations in peripheral blood.|
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