Early Family-Centered Prevention of Drug Use Risk (Aka Early Steps)
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||substance use, conduct disorder, depression, anxiety|
|Treatment||ecological family intervention and treatment (ecofit)|
|Sponsor||University of Oregon|
|Collaborator||University of Pittsburgh|
|Start date||March 2003|
|End date||June 2013|
|Trial size||731 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01098695, 3R01DA016110|
The investigators are testing the efficacy of a family-based preventive intervention, which began when the children were age 2, with children at risk for developing significant conduct problems. Families who were originally recruited from Women, Infants and Children (WIC) were randomly assigned to a family-centered intervention developed by Dishion and colleagues (Dishion & Kavanagh, 2003; Dishion & Stormshak, 2006) referred to as an 'ecological approach to family intervention and treatment' (EcoFIT). The current study expands the Early Steps intervention into the elementary school years beyond what is currently available for a WIC service delivery venue, in which children are no longer eligible for services at age 6.
The investigators are testing the hypothesis that periodic, tailored, and adaptive interventions delivered to caregivers at school entry will (a) reduce the probability of elevated risk associated with early-onset problem behavior, including the eventual use of drugs and other health-risking behaviors; (b) reduce the likelihood of mental health problems such as childhood depression, anxiety, conduct problems and co-morbidity; and (c) promote children's development of self-regulation, which underlies school readiness, early school literacy academic achievement, and positive peer relations.
|United States||No locations recruiting|
|Other countries||No locations recruiting|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Home visit assessment
time frame: yearly
Male or female participants from 2 years up to 3 years old.
Original Inclusion Criteria: - Parents with children between ages two and three - Currently enrolled with Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) - To qualify for the original study, families needed to meet criteria for child, family, and sociodemographic risk. Specifically, families either had to meet "child risk" factors or they had to have at least two of the three factors present to qualify for the study. To meet criterion for child risk, scores must be at least one SD above the normative average on the Eyberg Intensity of Problems factors, the Bates difficulty (i.e. negative emotionality) factor, or the conflict factor of the Adult-Child Relationship Scale. Family risk was determined by a score of one SD above the normative average on maternal depressive symptoms or parenting daily hassles, having substance use/abuse problems, or teen parent status. Sociodemographic risk was established using educational attainment because all WIC participants met criteria for low income. Families in which educational attainment is less than three years of college for both parents satisfied the requirement of sociodemographic risk.
|Official title||Early Family-Centered Prevention of Drug Use Risk|
|Principal investigator||Thomas J Dishion, PhD|
|Description||Aims of the current project are: 1. Refine the intervention model to address the child's adaptation to school and development of self-regulatory skills and underlying multiple dimensions of school success. 2. Examine and test the consistency of developmental models of problem behavior, emotional adjustment, and normative self-regulation in childhood. 3. Evaluate the long-term impact of intervention on risk pathways to later drug abuse and health-risking behaviors by examining early risk markers, including children's problem behavior, poor emotional adjustment, and lack of school readiness.|
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