Engaging Depressed Low-Income Seniors in Mental Health Services
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Sponsor||Weill Medical College of Cornell University|
|Collaborator||National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)|
|Start date||March 2010|
|End date||April 2015|
|Trial size||141 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01094951, P30 MH085943-03, P30MH085943, P30MH085943-03|
This two-stage research study will
1. train caseworkers in three participating New York City Neighborhood Houses to screen their clients for depression, and
2. examine the usefulness of training these caseworkers in an intervention that targets barriers seniors face in receiving mental health services. In this intervention, called ENGAGE, Case Workers will: 1. identify and address seniors' barriers to receiving mental health services; 2. include the seniors' preferences in deciding which treatment options to choose; and 3. help seniors connect with affordable mental health services of their choice.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
Feasibility of ENGAGE intervention
time frame: Measured at Baseline, 4, 8, and 12 weeks
Increase in referrals for mental health evaluation
time frame: Measured at Baseline, 4, 8, and 12 weeks
Male or female participants at least 60 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Age 60 years and older. - Positive screen for major depression (PHQ-9 greater than 10): We chose standard PHQ-9 screening to correspond to routine procedures within each House that identify seniors in need of evaluation for treatment. - Capacity to provide written consent for both research assessment and treatment. This criterion is necessary because subjects must be able to participate meaningfully in the interventions offered by the study and the assessment procedures. - Working knowledge of English. Fluency in English sufficient for comprehending questionnaires of the study and/or for understanding the case worker. English does not have to be the subject's first language. Exclusion Criteria: - MMSE score < 24 or clinical diagnosis of dementia. Dementia, or cognitive impairment at this level may limit the senior's ability to participate in the intervention. - Psychotic or manic symptoms or alcohol or substance dependence. These symptoms and disorders will be determined by the SCID assessment and require alternative interventions than those offered by the study. We focus in this project on seniors with depressive symptoms given existing Neighborhood House procedures for standard depression screening, and given difficulties in training case worker staff on screening for other psychiatric disorders. If this project is successful, we may then expand our efforts to target other disorders such as psychotic, manic, and alcohol and substance abuse and dependence disorders. - Antidepressant medication or psychotherapy in the 4 weeks prior to baseline evaluation. The intervention is focused on linking depressed seniors who are in need of mental health services rather than those currently receiving treatment. - Acute or severe medical illness: i.e., delirium, metastatic cancer, decompensated cardiac, liver or kidney failure, major surgery, stroke or myocardial infarction during the three months prior to entry; or drugs often causing depression, e.g., steroids, reserpine, alpha-methyl-dopa, tamoxifen, vincristine. - Antisocial personality by DSM-IV: This disorder will possibly interfere with adherence to research procedures and treatment.
|Official title||Engaging Depressed Low-Income Seniors in Mental Health Services|
|Principal investigator||Patrick J. Raue, Ph.D.|
|Description||In this research study, study investigators are partnering with United Neighborhood Houses of New York, the umbrella membership organization of the 34 New York City Neighborhood Houses. Due to the limited scope of this feasibility study, we have selected three Houses to serve as recruitment sites. These three house approximate the gender and racial characteristics of the larger group. During Stage 1, investigators will work with the three Houses in implementing systematic research assessments to identify level of psychopathology, referral patterns, and connections to mental health evaluation among their depressed senior clients. Investigators will train caseworkers to screen their clients for depression and will also instruct caseworkers to refer any senior scoring endorsing depressive symptoms to their partnering community-based mental health or medical clinic. Data on successful connections to mental health evaluation will serve as the comparison to that achieved by Stage 2, the ENGAGE intervention. During Stage 2 study investigators will train all caseworkers from each Neighborhood House to use the ENGAGE intervention. For eligible depressed seniors, the caseworker will: 1. provide psychoeducation that addresses client-specific barriers to evaluation and care (e.g., stigma, transportation); 2. use shared decision-making strategies to engage seniors and arrive at a decision about where and from whom to receive an evaluation and possible care; and 3. provide connections to preferred mental health services. Mental health service options will include referral to the senior's primary care physician or local community mental health clinic for further evaluation. In two subsequent sessions 2 and 4 weeks later, the caseworker will assess success in receiving a mental health evaluation, and in initiating treatment: - If the senior has not yet pursued an evaluation, the caseworker will continue to address his/her individual barriers and will re-engage in shared decision-making if necessary. - If the senior did receive an evaluation that confirms a depressive diagnosis, but remains undecided about treatment, the case worker will empower and help the senior to select an appropriate treatment of his/her choice and will encourage ongoing engagement in this treatment. - If an evaluation revealed the absence of a depressive disorder and no treatment recommendations, the caseworker will re-assess to ensure that depression did not emerge.|
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