This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
Treatments midostaurin, azacitidine, laboratory biomarker analysis, bone marrow aspiration, liquid chromatography, flow cytometry, mutation analysis, pharmacological study, mass spectrometry, protein expression analysis
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor Brenda Cooper, MD
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date July 2009
End date June 2016
Trial size 34 participants
Trial identifier NCT01093573, CASE1908, NCI-2009-01285


RATIONALE: Midostaurin may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as azacitidine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Midostaurin may help azacitidine kill more cancer cells by making the cancer cells more sensitive to the drug. PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of midostaurin when given together with azacitidine and to see how well it works in treating elderly patients with acute myelogenous leukemia.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Patients receive azacitidine IV over 10-20 minutes on days 1-7 and oral midostaurin twice daily on days 8-21.
midostaurin N-benzoyl-staurosporine
Given orally
azacitidine 5-AC
Given IV
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative study
bone marrow aspiration
Correlative study
liquid chromatography LC
Correlative study
flow cytometry
Correlative study
mutation analysis
Correlative study
pharmacological study pharmacological studies
Correlative study
mass spectrometry
Correlative study
protein expression analysis
Correlative study

Primary Outcomes

Maximum tolerated dose of midostaurin in combination with azacitidine in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (Phase I)
time frame: Day 28
Rate of hematologic improvement
time frame: 2 months
Complete and partial response rate of midostaurin and azacitidine in untreated acute myelogenous leukemia (Phase I/II)
time frame: after 4 months of treatment

Secondary Outcomes

Pharmacokinetic profile of midostaurin given with azacitidine (Phase I)
time frame: Before dosing of midostaurin on days 8, 15, and 21 of courses 1 and 2
Time to disease progression
time frame: Up to 3 years
Changes of phosphorylation status of FLT3 in blood and bone marrow samples (Phase I/II)
time frame: Baseline to 4 cycles (16 weeks)
Overall survival (Phase I/II)
time frame: Up to 3 years
To correlate treatment response with FLT3 mutational status in a descriptive fashion.(Phase I)
time frame: Baseline to 4 cycles (16 weeks)

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants of any age.

Inclusion Criteria - Patients must have histologic proof of active AML at time of enrollment - Phase I and II portion: Subjects of any age with untreated AML, if not candidates for standard induction chemotherapy or with poor risk AML (i.e. preceding MDS, myeloproliferative syndromes, leukemia due to cytotoxic chemotherapy for another condition, adverse cytogenetics or complex karyotype), or any subjects > 70 years of age with untreated AML. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (FAB M3) is excluded - Please note: prior intensive induction therapy for acute leukemia is allowed only in the phase I portion of this study • PHASE I PORTION ONLY: Patients of any age who have received no more than one prior attempt at induction chemotherapy (and may have received treatment consolidation), must have recovered from acute toxicities of therapy and be >= 4 weeks from last dose of cytotoxic treatment; patients who have received prior autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplantation are not eligible; patients may have received 1 or 2 cycles of cytarabine-based therapy as attempted induction. - Phase II portion: Patients must have not received any prior intensive induction therapy for AML. - Intensive induction includes standard induction chemotherapy such as 7 & 3, high dose cytarabine, mitoxantrone-etoposide, low-dose subcutaneous cytarabine. - Allowed "non-intensive" prior treatments for pre-existing hematologic conditions (i.e., MDS, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia [CMML]) will include: hydroxyurea, thalidomide, hematopoietic growth factors, Zarnestra, Lenalidomide, arsenic, Imatinib, and corticosteroids, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid [SAHA] inhibitors; hydroxyurea is allowed up to 24 hours before initiating treatment and to control blood counts during the first cycle of chemotherapy after azacitidine has completed; a minimum of 4 weeks must have elapsed since the administration of thalidomide, Zarnestra, Revlimid, arsenic, SAHA inhibitors, or any investigational medication; a minimum of five days must have elapsed since the administration of growth factors - Prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for another condition treated with curative intent is allowed provided at least 18 months has elapsed between last treatment and enrollment on protocol - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 1.5 times the upper limits of normal - Serum bilirubin =< 1.5x upper limit of normal - Creatinine =< 1.5x upper limit of normal - No exclusion for blood counts; however, at the time of treatment initiation, white blood cell (WBC) should be < 30,000/uL (can be controlled with hydroxyurea) - Life expectancy without treatment of at least 12 weeks - Patients with and without FLT3 mutations will be eligible to participate - Patients must have the ability and willingness to sign a written informed consent document Exclusion Criteria - Acute promyelocytic leukemia (FAB M3) - Prior autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplant - Prior azacitidine, decitabine, or midostaurin - Patients with known impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of midostaurin; patients with gastric bypass surgery are excluded - Patients with any other known active cancer (except carcinoma in-situ), concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical condition (e.g. uncontrolled diabetes, pulmonary, chronic renal disease, active uncontrolled infection) - Cardiovascular Criteria will exclude a patient from participation in the study will include: - Screening electrocardiogram (ECG) with a QTc > 450 msec; - Patients with congenital long QT syndrome; - History or presence of sustained ventricular tachycardia; - Any history of ventricular fibrillation or torsades de pointes; - Bradycardia defined as heart rate (HR) < 50 bpm; - Right bundle branch block + left anterior hemiblock (bifascicular block); - Patients with myocardial infarction or unstable angina < 6 months prior to starting study drug; - Congestive heart failure (CHF) New York (NY) Heart Association class III or IV; - Patients with an ejection fraction =< 45% assessed by multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO) scan within 14 days of day 1 - Poorly controlled hypertension - Known allergy or hypersensitivity to azacitidine, mannitol, or midostaurin - Active or suspicion of central nervous system (CNS) leukemia - Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease or active viral hepatitis - Patients with hepatitis B - Patients with an abnormal chest X-ray and/or any pulmonary infiltrate including those suspected to be of infectious origin; in particular, patients with resolution of clinical symptoms of pulmonary infection but with residual pulmonary infiltrates on chest x-ray are not eligible until pulmonary infiltrates have completely resolved - Pregnant or lactating women - Prohibited medications: PKC412 and its two major metabolites may have a potential of drug-drug interactions with P-gp substrates and CYP3A4 inhibitors, and inducers. An increased anticoagulant effect has been noted in patients treated with warfarin and midostaurin. - Patients who have received any investigational agent within 30 days prior to day 1 - Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for 3 months of midostaurin medication. Highly effective contraception methods include: - Total abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception - Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study treatment. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment - Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). For female subjects on the study the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that subject. - Combination of any two of the following (a+b or a+c, or b+c): 1. Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure rate <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception. 2. Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) 3. Barrier methods of contraception: Condom or Occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository In case of use of oral contraception women should have been stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before taking study treatment Sexually active males unless they use a condom during intercourse while taking drug and for 5 months after stopping midostaurin medication. They should not father a child in this period. A condom is required to be used also by vasectomized men in order to prevent delivery of the drug via seminal fluid.

Additional Information

Official title A Phase I/II Study of Midostaurin (PKC412) and 5-Azacitidine for Elderly Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia.
Principal investigator Brenda Cooper, MD
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the safe and tolerable dose of midostaurin in combination with azacitidine in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia. (Phase I) II. To describe the toxicity profile of the combination of midostaurin and azacitidine in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia. (Phase I/II) III. To determine the complete and partial response rate and rate of hematologic improvement of midostaurin and 5-azacitidine in untreated acute myelogenous leukemia. (Phase I/II) SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To describe pharmacokinetics of oral midostaurin given in combination with azacitidine on a day 8-21 schedule. (Phase I/II) II. To correlate treatment response with FLT3 mutational status in a descriptive fashion. (Phase I/II) III. To assess overall survival of patients from initiation of midostaurin-azacitidine toxicities. (Phase I/II) IV. To determine median disease-free survival of the regimen in untreated patients. (Phase II) TERTIARY OBJECTIVES: I. To describe signaling in CD117+ committed myeloid precursors in whole blood and bone marrow samples before and during treatment. (Phase I/II) II. To measure in vivo FLT3 inhibition using plasma inhibition assay (PIA) and Flt ligand (FL) levels in patients enrolled on this trial before and during treatment. (Phase I/II) OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose escalation study of midostaurin followed by a phase II study. Patients receive azacitidine intravenously (IV) over 10-20 minutes on days 1-7 and midostaurin orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 8-21. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Location data was received from the National Cancer Institute and was last updated in June 2016.