Overview

This trial has been completed.

Condition thyroid cancer
Treatment decision aid exposure
Phase phase 2/phase 3
Sponsor University Health Network, Toronto
Collaborator Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care
Start date February 2010
End date November 2016
Trial size 74 participants
Trial identifier NCT01083550, REB 09-0986-BE, UHNREB 09-0986-BE

Summary

In this study, we will test, using a randomized controlled trial design, whether the use of a computer-based decision aid (DA) may improve general knowledge and reduce personal decisional conflict in patients with early stage papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), when compared to usual care. Patients with early stage PTC will be required to have surgical pathologic criteria for which adjuvant RAI treatment may be considered optional.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose supportive care
Arm
(Experimental)
Decision aid exposure + usual care
decision aid exposure
Exposure to a computerized decision aid on adjuvant radioactive iodine treatment decision-making. The exposure is during one visit.
(No Intervention)
Usual care

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Knowledge about papillary thyroid cancer and radioactive iodine treatment
time frame: Day 0

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Decisional conflict (and subscale measures)
time frame: Day 0
Decisional regret
time frame: 6-12 months and 15-23 months
Reasons for accepting or declining radioactive iodine treatment
time frame: 6 - 12 months
The final decision to accept or decline adjuvant radioactive iodine treatment
time frame: 6-12 months
Feeling informed about RAI treatment decision
time frame: 15-23 months
Feeling satisfied with RAI treatment decision
time frame: 15-23 months
Cancer-related worry
time frame: 15-23 months
Trust in the treating physician
time frame: 15-23 months
Mood
time frame: 15-23 months
Qualitative data
time frame: 15-23 months
Cancer Impact
time frame: 24 months or longer-post randomization
Information Needs
time frame: 24 months or longer-post randomization
General Concerns
time frame: 24 months or longer post-randomization
Cancer-related Worry
time frame: 24 months or longer post-randomization

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria for patient participants: - Individuals with papillary thyroid carcinoma who have had complete resection of their thyroid at surgery (total or near-total thyroidectomy, or hemi- [subtotal] with completion thyroidectomy)on or after September 1, 2009 - Age at time of first thyroid cancer surgery must be at least 18 years or older - The papillary thyroid cancer TNM pathologic stage must be pT1 or pT2, N0 (or Nx), M0 (or Mx) (TNM stage, AJCC VI) (ie. primary tumor size 1-4 cm, no known positive lymph nodes at the time of primary surgery, no extension of the tumor outside the thyroid, no venous or lymphatic invasion, and no known distant metastases at primary surgery, with no tall cell features, as per surgical pathology report) - Must be able to communicate in spoken and written English - Must be able to use a computer - Must be able to provide informed consent on one's own (without any need for translation) Exclusion criteria for patient participants: - Participants not meeting inclusion criteria - Concurrent diagnosis of medullary or anaplastic or poorly differentiated thyroid cancer or thyroid lymphoma - Prior radioactive treatment for thyroid cancer - Individuals who have been taken off their thyroid hormone for testing or treatment, will not be eligible for the study while off this medication. - Individuals who are unwilling for investigators to confirm their pathologic stage of disease through review of pathology report(s) will be ineligible for the study Inclusion criteria for the physician feedback component of this study: - Physicians and surgeons caring for thyroid cancer patients, in active practice at University Health Network in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Additional Information

Official title Decision Aid on Radioactive Iodine Treatment for Early Stage Papillary Thyroid Cancer (Randomized Controlled Trial)
Principal investigator Annie M Sawka, MD, PhD
Description A. Primary research question In patients with early stage papillary thyroid cancer, does the administration of a computerized decision aid improve the score on a test of knowledge about early stage PTC and adjuvant RAI treatment, when compared to usual care? (The knowledge score is a sum of positive responses from a total of 10 true/false questions in a self-administered questionnaire, to be administered at the study visit, Q2A). B. Secondary research questions 1. In patients with early stage PTC, does the administration of a computerized decision aid reduce overall decisional conflict (as well as the following respective subscales - informed subscale, uncertainty subscale, and effective decision subscale), when compared to usual care? (Decisional Conflict questionnaire, DCS). 2. In patients with early stage PTC, does the administration of a computerized decision aid, improve reduce decisional regret relating to RAI decision making after the final decision has been made? (Decision Regret Questionnaire, DRQ) 3. In patients with early stage PTC, does the administration of a computerized decision aid, reduce the number of participants receiving adjuvant radioactive iodine treatment (analysis for all participants, as well as those who are not already on a waiting list for radioactive iodine treatment at the time of recruitment, respectively)? 4. Do the respective monitoring or blunting scores on the Miller Behavioral Style Scale (MBSS) correlate with the number of clicks for information performed by participants reviewing the decision aid? (subgroup analysis in the decision aid intervention group) 5. Do the respective monitoring or blunting scores on the Miller Behavioral Style Scale (MBSS) correlate with the score on a test of knowledge about early stage PTC and adjuvant RAI treatment? (Respective analyses planned for entire study population, as well as the intervention and control groups) 6. What are the main reasons why RAI treatment is selected or not selected (after the decision has been finalized), grouping descriptions according to exposure or non-exposure to a computerized decision aid? (See Follow-up questionnaire [administered by telephone], question 2, qualitative description, with reasons to be coded and quantified using mixed methods). NOTE: In the original design of this study, we hoped to utilize a modified Client Satisfaction Questionnaire for assessment of satisfaction of patient participants and physicians as secondary trial outcomes. However, we are unable to utilize any modified Client Satisfaction Questionnaires in this study, because of lack of permission from the original developer of the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8, who has copyrighted and trademarked the questionnaire and prohibits such modifications. No modified client satisfaction questionnaire results have been analyzed in this study and will not be analyzed. Study design The project design will be a single-centre randomized controlled trial conducted at University Health Network. The participants will be randomized to a) the decision aid group (in addition to usual care [counseling by his or her physician, called usual care]) or b) usual care. The DA will be available only to participants during the study (not the public or treating physicians). The decision aid testing will be performed at the Toronto General Hospital. 15-23 Month Extended Follow-up Study: After initiation of the primary study above, we were subsequently awarded funding to contact the enrolled study participants about 15 and 23 months post-randomization to inquire for permission to participate in an extended follow-up study. The extended follow-up study was approved by the University Health Network Research Ethics Board. Participants from the original randomized controlled trial (above) are contacted by telephone for consent to participate in the extended follow-up study, which is considered exploratory (secondary). The extended follow-up study includes a quantitative questionnaire telephone interview component and a qualitative component. For the quantitative questionnaire component, a single telephone interview is performed updating demographics, thyroid cancer outcomes/treatments (with confirmatory medical record review and administering quantitative questionnaires verbally. A participants consenting to the extended follow-up study are also offered the opportunity to participate in an in-depth qualitative study, involving a one-on in-person interview (which is audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using qualitative methods). A representative subgroup of about 15-30 participants are invited in the qualitative interview and sampling continued until saturation of themes is achieved. The following exploratory questions are to be addressed in the quantitative component of the extended follow-up study (about 15-23 months post-randomization): 1. To what degree do participants in the study (decision aid and control groups) perceive themselves to be respectively informed and satisfied with the original radioactive iodine treatment decision? The results in respective study arms are compared. 2. To what degree do participants in the study (decision aid and control groups) perceive themselves to regret their original radioactive iodine treatment decision? The results in respective study arms are compared. 3. To what degree do participants in the study (decision aid and control groups) perceive current cancer-related worry (Assessment of Survivor Concerns Questionnaires)? The results in respective study arms are compared. 4. To what degree do participants in the study (decision aid and control groups) perceive trust in their treating physician (Trust in Physician Scale)? The results in respective study arms are compared. 5. How do participants in the study (decision aid and control groups) perceive their mood (PHQ-4 questionnaire)? The results in respective study arms are compared. The qualitative subgroup study includes semi-structured questions on the experiences of radioactive iodine treatment decision-making, overall thyroid cancer treatment satisfaction, and study participation. Exploratory Telephone Survey Study - 24 months or longer after randomization: After initiation of the primary study above, we were subsequently awarded pilot study funding to contact the study participants on one occasion, two or more years post-randomization to inquire for permission to participate in an exploratory telephone survey study, intended to guide future research directions, and generate data for possible use in sample size calculations for potential future studies. The 24 month or longer post-randomization exploratory telephone survey study was approved by the University Health Network Research Ethics Board. Participants from the original randomized controlled trial (above) are contacted by telephone for consent to participate in the study, which is considered exploratory (secondary) and is thus, hypothesis-generating. The telephone survey exploratory study (2 or more years post-randomization) consists of quantitative telephone questionnaires. A single telephone interview is performed updating demographics, thyroid cancer outcomes/treatments (with confirmatory medical record review and administering quantitative questionnaires verbally. The following exploratory questions are to be addressed in the exploratory 24 month (or longer) post-randomization study. For all of the analyses below, descriptive data will be described for the entire study population, and if sample size permits, subgroup analyses according to decision aid status, radioactive iodine status, and age (<45 years at time of original surgery or 45 years or older at time of original surgery), and recurrence status, will be considered. 1. To describe the Cancer Impact in consenting participants, 2 or more years post-randomization. For participants in whom a negative financial impact of cancer is reported, an additional question is posed requesting explanation of this impact. 2. To describe the Information Needs of consenting participants, 2 or more years post-randomization. 3. To describe the General Concerns of consenting participants, 2 or more years post-randomization. 4. To describe cancer-related worry (Assessment of Survivor Concerns Questionnaires) two or more years following randomization.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University Health Network, Toronto.