This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition pancreatic cancer
Treatments s-1, s-1 plus leucovorin
Phase phase 2
Sponsor The Affiliated Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Military Medical Sciences
Start date February 2010
End date October 2013
Trial size 92 participants
Trial identifier NCT01074996, APC-307PLAH-XJM


A randomized , open-label, multicenter, phase II study to compare the efficacy of S-1 and S-1 plus Leucovorin as second line treatment on gemcitabine-refractory patients with inoperable or advanced pancreatic cancers,investigate the correlation between efficacy and the expressions of thymidylate synthase, dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase and orotate phosphoribosyltransferase

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
(Active Comparator)
Subjects will receive S-1 until progression
40-60mg bid , days 1-14, every 3 weeks
patients will receive S-1 plus Leucovorin until progression
s-1 plus leucovorin
S-1 40-60mg bid, days 1-14 , every 3 weeks Leucovorin 25mg bid , days 1-14 , every 3 weeks

Primary Outcomes

Progression Free Survival(PFS)
time frame: up to 3 years

Secondary Outcomes

overall survival
time frame: up to 3 years
Tumor response rate
time frame: up to 3 years
Clinical benefit rate
time frame: up to 3 years
safety and tolerance
time frame: up to 3 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 75 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Histologically confirmed inoperable or APC. 2. Failure of one prior gemcitabine-based regimen was required,chemotherapy used as a radiation sensitizer in the adjuvant or locally advanced setting was not considered as a prior regimen. Patients received last adjuvant gemcitabine-based chemotherapy less than (or equal to) six months can be enrolled into this study. 3. Disease had to be measurable by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria. 4. Age ≥18 years old. 5. ECOG performance status 0 or 1. 6. Written informed consent and able to comply with the protocol. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Local (Stage IA to IIB) pancreatic cancer and locally advanced (stage III) pancreatic cancer. Patients relapsing with metastatic disease, after initial diagnoses with local disease can be enrolled into this study. 2. Previous adjuvant radiotherapy for pancreatic cancer, except for patients with progressive lesions outside the radiation port who completed the radiotherapy at least 6 months prior to study entry. 3. More than (or equal to) six months since last adjuvant chemotherapy. Adjuvant therapy without gemcitabine based adjuvant therapy is not allowed. Patient must have recovered from all treatment related toxicity prior to enrollment and must have documented evidence of disease progression (metastatic) following prior chemotherapy. 4. No previous gemcitabine-based therapy for inoperable or APC. 5. Other primary tumour (including primary brain tumours) within the last 5 years prior to enrollment, except for adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal cell skin cancer. 6. Evidence of spinal cord compression or current evidence of central nervous system (CNS) metastases. 7. History or evidence upon neurological exam of CNS disease (unless adequately treated with standard medical therapy) e.g. uncontrolled seizures. 8. Inability to take oral medication, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption or resulting in the requirement for intravenous alimentation or parenteral nutrition with lipids, and/or active peptic ulcer disease 9. Pregnant or lactating females. Serum pregnancy test to be assessed within 7 days prior to study treatment start, or within 14 days with a confirmatory urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to study treatment start 10. Men and women of childbearing potential (<2 years after last menstruation) not using effective means of contraception (oral contraceptives, intrauterine contraceptive device, barrier method of contraception in conjunction with spermicidal jelly or surgically sterile) 11. Current or recent (within the 30 days prior to starting study treatment) treatment with another investigational drug or participation in another investigational study 12. Evidence of any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates use of an investigational drug, or patient at high risk from treatment complications 13. Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs

Additional Information

Official title A Randomized , Open-label, Multicenter, Phase II Study to Compare the Efficacy of S-1 and S-1 Plus Leucovorin as Second Line Treatment on Gemcitabine-refractory Patients With Inoperable or Advanced Pancreatic Cancers
Principal investigator Xu jianming, M.D.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by The Affiliated Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Military Medical Sciences.