This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Sponsor University of Washington
Collaborator VA Puget Sound Health Care System
Start date February 2010
End date February 2016
Trial size 350 participants
Trial identifier NCT01074515, 37332-B, R01HL093146-01A2


The goal of the study is to look at how genes and certain chemicals in the body are related to depression and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Time perspective prospective

Primary Outcomes

time frame: 1 year & 2 year

Secondary Outcomes

Physical activity by accelerometry
time frame: 1 year & 2 year
time frame: 1 year & 2 year
Health related quality of life
time frame: 1 year & 2 year
Six Minute Walk Distance
time frame: 1 year & 2 year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Diagnosis of COPD confirmed by the following: 1) FEV1/FVC < 70%; 2) Moderate to very severe disease by GOLD criteria (FEV1 <65%); 2) Age > 40 years; and 3) A significant history of current or past cigarette smoking (> 10 pack-years); - Stable disease with no acute exacerbations of COPD in the past 4 weeks; - Ability to speak, read and write English Exclusion Criteria: - Acute COPD exacerbation within the past 4 weeks (temp exclusion) - Chronic obstructive lung disorders unrelated to COPD: asthma, bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis - Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis - Congestive Heart Failure - Chronic renal failure requiring dialysis - Primary pulmonary vascular disease - Chronic inflammatory, infectious or auto-immune disease, e.g. osteomyelitis, crohn's disease or rheumatoid arthritis - Chronic liver disease - Metastatic cancer - Chronic antibiotic use or ongoing infection - Chronic oral prednisone use - Moderate to severe dementia - Severe primary mental illness, e.g. schizophrenia, bipolar disease, severe obsessive compulsive disorder - <2 years life expectancy - History of fainting with spirometry

Additional Information

Official title Depression and Functional Outcomes in COPD: Impact of Genetics and Inflammation
Principal investigator Huong Q Nguyen, PhD, RN
Description Depression is highly prevalent among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. The overall goal of this proposal is to examine the impact of inflammation and genetic risk factors on depression in patients with severe COPD, and to assess the combined effects of inflammation, genetics, and depression on changes in functional outcomes. There is increasing evidence that COPD is associated with systemic inflammation that impacts other organ systems. High levels of systemic inflammatory markers have also been linked to increased risk of depression in both healthy and chronically ill populations. The neurotransmitter serotonin which is involved in the pathophysiology of affective disorders is regulated by the serotonin transporter (SERT) that controls reuptake of serotonin at brain synapses. Recent studies report that SERT polymorphisms are associated with depression, suggesting that variants of this gene may be important in determining whether patients with COPD will develop depression during the course of their disease. The preliminary data linking SERT polymorphisms with depression and data suggesting a relationship between inflammation, depression and COPD strongly argue for a large scale prospective study to critically test these relationships. Therefore, the aims of this prospective study of patients with moderate to very severe COPD are to: 1) Examine the relationship between SERT polymorphisms with depression; 2) Examine the bi-directional longitudinal relationship between markers of systemic inflammation (CRP, IL-1ra, IL-6, IL-12, TNF-α, and IFN-γ) and depressive symptoms in COPD, and explore the role of exacerbations and SERT genotype in this relationship; and 3) Determine the relationship of depression, inflammation, and SERT genotype with decline in functional outcomes (six minute walk test distance, physical activity measured with accelerometers, dyspnea severity, and health related quality of life) in COPD over 2 years. Patients with COPD GOLD Stages II-IV (n=350) will be recruited from two clinical sites over 30 months. Assessments at baseline, year 1 and year 2 will include: blood samples for genotyping (5-HTTLPR, STin2 VNTR, and rs25331) and cytokine assays (CRP, IL-1ra, IL-6, IL-12, TNF-α, and IFN-γ), spirometry, assessment of depression, functional capacity (six minute walk test), performance (physical activity derived from accelerometry), dyspnea, and health related quality of life (HRQL). We will use advanced longitudinal statistical techniques, structural equations modeling and latent growth models, to assess the dynamics of change in depression, inflammation, and functional status as posited by our models as these processes unfold over time.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Washington.