Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity
Treatments roux-en-y gastric bypass surgery, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, lifestyle weight loss intervention
Sponsor University of Pittsburgh
Collaborator National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Start date September 2009
End date February 2017
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT01047735, R01DK095128-01, RC1DK086037

Summary

This research study is being performed to begin to determine the effectiveness of two dominant bariatric surgery procedures versus an intensive lifestyle intervention to induce weight loss in patients and promote improvements in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in moderately obese patients.

T2DM is currently the 6th leading cause of mortality in the United States and is a major cause of kidney failure, blindness, amputations, heart attack, and other vascular and gastro-intestinal dysfunctions. Traditionally, treatments include intensive lifestyle modifications with or without glucose lowering agents. Neither treatment alone, or in combination, results in complete resolution of diabetes and its potential long-term complications. Bariatric surgery has been proven as an effective treatment to accomplish sustained and significant weight loss for those with severe obesity and has been shown to induce long-term remission of T2DM. However, despite enthusiasm for these potential treatment options, it is not clear whether diabetes is influenced by the type of surgery or by the amount of weight lost or if bariatric surgery is more effective than non-surgical weight loss induced by diet and physical activity in T2DM patients with moderate BMIs (30-40kg/m2; Class I and Class II obesity, or approximately 65-95 pounds overweight depending on your height). More well-controlled studies are needed to more completely inform health care decision making and clinical practice in this area. This research study aims to obtain preliminary information regarding the effectiveness of two major types of bariatric surgery, Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding versus an intensive lifestyle intervention to induce weight loss with diet and increased physical activity.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery
roux-en-y gastric bypass surgery
Participants assigned to the Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass treatment group will undergo a surgical procedure that limit foods intake and causes nutrients malabsorption. The procedure is performed with small incisions or laparoscopically. A small stomach pouch is created, the size of an egg, and the small intestine is connected to the pouch. Some of the stomach and small intestine are consequently bypassed by this anatomic change. Those in this treatment group will begin a gradual diet post surgery and will take life long vitamin supplements.
(Experimental)
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding
laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding LapBand
Those assigned to the Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding study group will undergo a surgical procedure where an adjustable silicone band is placed around the upper stomach to decrease its capacity so that you will feel full sooner. It will assist in weight loss by helping you to limit intake of calories. The band will be placed by using several small incisions and telescopic instruments. A thin tube connects the band to an access port just under the skin that you may be able to feel but you will not be able to see it. This allows the band to be tightened or loosened to decrease or increase your stomach capacity as needed. The surgery will take on average 30-45 minutes.
(Experimental)
Lifestyle Weight Loss Intervention
lifestyle weight loss intervention
Participants will receive a standard behavior weight control program in an in-person format over a period of 12 months conducted by an experienced team of weight loss counselors. During the initial 6 months of study treatment, will attend weekly in-person individual sessions with a weight loss counselor. During months 7-12, will attend in-person sessions on the 1st and 3rd week of the month and will receive a brief (less than 10 minutes in duration) telephone call on the 2nd and 4th week of the month. Each session will focus on a specific behavioral topic related to weight loss, eating behaviors, or exercise behaviors.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Feasibility of performing a randomized trial comparing two major types of bariatric surgery versus a lifestyle weight loss intervention (LWLI) induced by diet and increased physical activity in moderately obese patients with T2DM.
time frame: 6 months, 1 year

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Preliminary information regarding the effectiveness of two dominant bariatric surgery procedures versus an intensive lifestyle intervention to induce weight loss with diet and increased physical activity.
time frame: 6 months, 1 year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 25 years up to 55 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age 25 to 55 years - Mild to moderate obesity with a BMI between 30 and 40 kg/m2 - For potential subjects with BMI 35 to 40 kg/m2: T2DM confirmed by either a documented fasting blood glucose > 126 mg/dl OR treatment with an anti-diabetic medication - For potential subjects with BMI 30 to 35 kg/m2: T2DM that is difficult to control medically and is recommended for the study by the subject's endocrinologist AND treatment with an anti-diabetic medication - Willingness to be randomized to a surgical intervention Exclusion Criteria: - Prior bariatric or foregut surgery - Poor overall general health - Impaired mental status - Drug and/or alcohol addiction - Current smoking - Pregnant or plans to become pregnant - Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus - Portal hypertension and/or Cirrhosis - Failed study-related nutrition or psychological assessment - Current participation in any other research study - Inability to provide informed consent - Unlikely to comply with study protocol - Unable to communicate with study staff - Unable to exercise (walk a city block or a flight of stairs)

Additional Information

Official title Randomized Trial to Compare Surgical and Medical Treatments for Type 2 Diabetes (Triabetes) - Alliance of Randomized Trials of Medicine vs. Metabolic Surgery in Type 2 Diabetes ARMMST2D)
Principal investigator Anita P Courcoulas, MD, MPH
Description The Specific Aims of the first phase of the study are as follows: Aim 1. To determine the feasibility of performing a randomized trial comparing two major types of bariatric surgery, Laparoscopic Roux en Y Gastric Bypass (RNY) and Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (GB) versus a lifestyle weight loss intervention (LWLI) induced by diet and increased physical activity in moderately obese patients (Class I and II obesity) with T2DM. We hypothesize that: 1) A randomized design with both surgical and non-surgical arms will be both feasible and acceptable to participants and to providers 2) There will be no difference in retention rates between the LWLI and surgical arms (RNY, GB) of the study and it will provide estimates of overall retention for future studies. Aim 2. To obtain preliminary information regarding the effectiveness of two dominant bariatric surgery procedures versus an intensive lifestyle intervention to induce weight loss with diet and increased physical activity. We hypothesize that: 1) RNY will be superior to GB and LWLI in weight lost in 12 months. Aim 3. To explore the feasibility, methods for, and implementation of a range of early outcome measures including; resolution of diabetes, glucose control, medication usage, insulin resistance, beta cell function, body composition, objective measures of physical activity, and several psychosocial measures. We hypothesize that: 1) Participants will be willing to undergo a range of early outcome testing measures to assess metabolic change, body composition alterations, objective physical activity, and psychosocial factors. 2) Measures of T2DM improvement including an intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) will be feasible in a subset of participants in each study arm and RNY will be superior to both GB and LWLI for the clinical and metabolic improvement of T2DM. 3) The LWLI group will show improvements in physical activity compared to RNY and GB.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Pittsburgh.