This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions mitral valve regurgitation, left atrium dilatation and hypertrophy, mitochondrial dysfunction in the heart, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, cardiac inflammation
Treatment lovaza group
Phase phase 4
Sponsor East Carolina University
Collaborator GlaxoSmithKline
Start date January 2010
End date October 2013
Trial size 24 participants
Trial identifier NCT01046604, ECUomega3-01


In the absence of treatment, severe mitral valve regurgitation (MR) results in left atrium (LA) dilatation and hypertrophy, followed ultimately by left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. One promising intervention for the prevention of the deleterious effects of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure is dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). However, the molecular targets and mechanisms by which n-3 PUFAs exert their effects are not completely defined. A possible target of n-3 PUFAs is the mitochondrial membrane which has broad implications given that mitochondrial dysfunction and altered metabolism have been associated with cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. The investigators have recently identified significant mitochondrial dysfunction in the LA of patients with severe MR, as compared to their non-hypertrophied right atrium (RA). However, the investigators have not addressed the possibility that intervention with purified n-3 PUFAs (Lovaza) could improve mitochondrial function. From a mechanistic perspective, the investigators have observed in vitro that n-3 PUFAs accumulate predominately into the mitochondrial membrane of cardiomyocytes where the investigators believe they exert their effects on the biophysical organization of the membrane. Therefore, the CENTRAL HYPOTHESIS is that administering Lovaza to patients with severe MR will reduce apoptosis and improve mitochondrial function in LA (Aim 1). This change in mitochondrial function will be driven by significant biochemical and biophysical remodeling of the mitochondrial membrane (Aim 2).

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose supportive care
(No Intervention)
This is the group of patients that will not undergo any treatment with Lovaza prior to mitral valve repair surgery. This is the 'control' group.
(Active Comparator)
This arm will be the group of patients that will be treated with Lovaza prior to undergoing mitral valve repair surgery.
lovaza group omega 3 fatty acid esters
Patients who are scheduled for mitral valve repair surgery at least 3 weeks removed from the initial consult will be recruited to take 4 capsules of Lovaza (omega 3 fatty acids) daily, for 3 weeks prior to their surgery.

Primary Outcomes

Specific Aim 1: To determine if Lovaza treatment reduces markers of inflammation and improves mitochondrial function in atrial myocardium
time frame: 15 months

Secondary Outcomes

Specific Aim 2: To determine if Lovaza treatment alters the biophysical and biochemical organization of cardiac mitochondrial membranes. The following questions will be addressed using the blood and cardiac tissue samples collected as described above:
time frame: 15 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 70 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients age 18+ undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve repair surgery will be enrolled in this study. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with chronic renal insufficiency - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - Previous myocardial infarction - Left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction <40%) - Use of anti-arrhythmic drugs other than beta blockers, and the presence of an implantable defibrillator. - In addition, patients that have a high dietary intake of fish (≥ 2 servings/week) or have been taking n-3 PUFA supplements will be excluded. - Also, patients that are allergic to fish or shellfish, or taking any anticoagulant/antiplatelet medications other than aspirin (e.g. Plavix, Coumadin) will be excluded from this study. - Patients under the age of 18, and women who are pregnant will be excluded from this study.

Additional Information

Official title Mitigating Cardiac Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Atrial Myocardium Via Short-term Lovaza Treatment Prior to Surgery
Principal investigator Ethan J Anderson, PhD
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by East Carolina University.