This trial has been completed.

Condition healthy adults
Treatments glutathione supplementation, placebo
Sponsor Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Start date February 2010
End date September 2011
Trial size 61 participants
Trial identifier NCT01044277, PSHCI 09-059


This trial is designed to provide evidence of the efficacy of glutathione supplementation and health(GSH) and includes the assessment of both short term and long term effects. Based on previous laboratory animal studies and clinical data, the investigators anticipate that the effects of oral GSH supplementation will be progressive and cumulative. The study will also allow for the evaluation of effects of withdrawal of the supplement on the outcome variables.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose basic science
glutathione supplementation Gluthathione Peroxidates
500 mg, two times daily
glutathione supplementation Gluthathione peroxidases
125 mg, two times daily
(Placebo Comparator)
placebo Gluthathione peroxidases
2 times daily

Primary Outcomes

Evaluation of the effect of glutathione on key biomarkers
time frame: 6 to 7 months

Secondary Outcomes

Evaluations will be carried out to expand the above comparison by including adjustments for potential prognostic factors.
time frame: 6 to 7 months

Eligibility Criteria

All participants from 30 years up to 79 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Healthy male and females between the ages of 30 and 79 years of age - Not taking glutathione as a dietary supplement - Not taking high dose antioxidant supplement prior to 1 month - Baseline blood glutathione level of < 1 mmol/L Exclusion Criteria: - History or evidence of disease including cancer, diabetes, heart disease - Subjects who smoke

Additional Information

Official title Effect of Oral Glutathione Supplementation on the Levels of Blood Glutathione and Markers of Oxidative Stress in Healthy Adults (Glutathione Supplementation and Health (GSH) Study)
Principal investigator John P. Richie, Ph.D.
Description This is a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study in which the treatment allocations will be kept sealed until the final statistical evaluation. The design will include the recruitment of 60 healthy subjects (30-79 yr of age) randomized into 3 groups. A total of 48 subjects, 16 per group will be required based upon power calculations and results from a previous clinical trial with selenium. An additional 4 subjects per group will be placed on trial to account for possible attrition or non-compliance. Blood, urine and exfoliated buccal mucosal samples will be obtained from all subjects at baseline. Questionnaire data on usual dietary intake will also be obtained at baseline. Eligible subjects will be required to have not have taken any high dose antioxidant supplements for at least 1 month prior to the study. Subjects will then begin supplementation according to the following schedule: Group A, GSH (500 mg, 2 times daily); Group B, GSH (125 mg, 2 times daily); Group C, placebo (2 times daily). Eligible participants who sign the informed consent will be randomly assigned to either placebo or high or low dose Glutathione groups. Participants will be asked not to consume any other high-dose vitamin, multi-vitamin, or mineral supplements containing glutathione throughout the study in order to prevent variation in dose of supplemental GSH between subjects. Supplementation will continue for 6 months with biological samples collected at 1, 3 and 6 months after baseline. At 6 months, supplementation will be discontinued. A final collection of biological samples will occur 1 month afterwards. Compliance will be monitored by pill count. Levels of glutathione will be measured in plasma, lymphocytes, and red blood cells as well as in exfoliated buccal mucosal cells. Biomarkers of oxidative stress will include blood levels of glutathionylated proteins and 8-isoprostanes and urine levels of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine. Glutamylcystine ligase and GST activities, and C-reactive protein will be determined in blood. Immune function biomarkers will be analyzed including t-natural killer cell cytotoxicity, lymphoproliferation, neutrophils phagocytosis, neutrophil respiratory burst assays.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Milton S. Hershey Medical Center.