Orthostatic Hypotension Treatment on Rehab Unit
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||orthostatic hypotension, falls|
|Treatments||medication review, nutrition/salt intake, education, exercise, drug|
|Sponsor||VA Office of Research and Development|
|Start date||October 2011|
|End date||March 2016|
|Trial size||350 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01030874, E7278-R|
For patients recovering from acute illness, the ability to stand, walk, climb stairs, and participate in therapy are critical to their recovery and eventual discharge to the least restrictive environment. Orthostatic hypotension is a common finding in medically ill adult and elderly patients and is a potentially reversible contributor to functional impairment. This 4-year project will be a randomized controlled trial of a multidisciplinary-multicomponent intervention to determine whether routine identification and treatment of OH improves functional outcomes such as: balance, fall rates, therapy participation, length of stay, transfer to acute care hospital, and discharge location. Routine screening and management of OH may improve outcomes for rehabilitation and long term care patients, as well other high-risk patient populations.
|Endpoint classification||safety study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
|Masking||single blind (outcomes assessor)|
Orthostatic hypotension at discharge
time frame: Discharge
Fall frequency 30 days after discharge
time frame: 30 days after discharge
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 99 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - All patients admitted to the nursing home, and rehabilitation unit. Exclusion Criteria: Exclusion criteria are: - hospice admission, - respite admission, - long-stay admission, - transplant admission, - inability to stand, - expected length of stay less than 14 days, - patients specifically admitted for treatment of OH, - cognitive dysfunction of such a severity that the admitting provider does not feel the patient could understand the study and safely participate in the data collection, and - administrative exclusion, such as safety concerns of staff due to violent tendencies of patient.
|Official title||Effect of Treatment of Orthostatic Hypotension on a Rehabilitation Unit|
|Principal investigator||Mark Helfand, MD MPH MS|
|Description||Objectives Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a condition that contributes to falls, dizziness, syncope, transient ischemic attack, and impaired functional status. OH is defined specifically as a 20mmHg drop in systolic, and/or a 10mmHg drop in diastolic BP within 3 min of standing. The objectives of this study are to: (1) Examine the effect of OH treatment on functional outcomes, and OH prevalence during a subject's inpatient stay, and (2) Evaluate whether OH treatment during a subject's inpatient stay affects fall prevalence, and functional outcomes by 12 months after discharge. Plan This 4-year project will be a randomized controlled trial of a multidisciplinary-multicomponent intervention to improve OH in patients admitted to Nursing Home (NH) and rehabilitation settings. During the 37-month enrollment period, the investigators expect to consent 350 subjects who will be randomized into intervention and control groups (175 subjects each). During their stay, subjects in the intervention group will receive a standardized treatment for their OH, or to prevent OH, while those in the control group will receive usual care. The investigators expect that 85% will remain in the study until they are discharged from the NH/rehabilitation unit. Following discharge, the investigators will conduct weekly phone calls to monitor incidence of falls for one month. Subsequently, at 12-months post-discharge, the investigators will conduct a chart review, and the study will terminate. The investigators expect 85% of the subjects discharged from the NH/rehabilitation unit that were enrolled in the study will remain in the study at 12-months post discharge. The investigators performed a "pilot" study on up to 10 subjects while waiting for adequate staffing to conduct the study with blinded data collectors. Methods The investigators will evaluate OH blood pressure responses, symptoms during standing, and whether there are any specific adverse outcomes related to treatment. In addition, the investigators will evaluate whether treatment of OH improves: motor functional independence measure (mFIM) scores, therapy participation, length of stay, transfer to the acute care hospital, discharge location, and mortality. Clinical Relevance OH is a very common finding in many medically ill adult and elderly patients, and is associated with falls, syncope, and hip fractures. More aggressive screening (possibly the 6th vital sign) and management of this condition may improve outcomes for rehabilitation and long term care patients at the investigators' site as well other high-risk patient populations.|
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