Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions hepatitis c, alcohol use disorders
Treatments baclofen, placebo
Phase phase 4
Sponsor Department of Veterans Affairs
Start date October 2010
End date March 2014
Trial size 180 participants
Trial identifier NCT01008280, NURA-014-09S

Summary

Hepatitis C (HCV) is the most common blood born virus in the United States, affecting 1.8% of the general population and more than 5% of veterans using VA facilities. As veterans with HCV have high rates of co-morbid alcohol use disorders that accelerate greatly the liver damage caused by HCV, a safe and effective treatment for alcohol use disorders is needed. Baclofen is a novel treatment for alcohol use disorders that has minimal effect on the liver and may represent a safe and efficacious treatment option for veterans with HCV and co-morbid alcohol use disorders.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
baclofen 10 mg po tid
baclofen
baclofen 10 mg tid
(Placebo Comparator)
placebo given tid
placebo
placebo pill tid

Primary Outcomes

Measure
percentage of days abstinent
time frame: 12 weeks

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria for Participation Include if: - Male or female, age 18 or older Medical record shows - Serum antibody positive for HCV and PCR confirmation, Men or Women: > 7 drinks per week for each of the proceeding 2 weeks Or One heavy drinking day per week for 2 weeks:(Heavy drinking day: 5 drinks in one day for men and >4 drinks in one day for women) based on Timeline Followback method (TLFB) Alcohol use Disorder (abuse or dependence) based on SCID - Yes Medical record and self report - Medical record, self report, SCID, BDI-II - Able to attend clinic appointments Yes No Self-report Exclusion Criteria: Exclusion Criteria for Participation Exclude if: - Male or female, under age 18 - Cocaine, methamphetamine or opioid dependence within the past 6 months* Any known pre-existing medical conditions that could interfere with participation in the protocol, such as: - CNS trauma - Known cognitive impairment - Dementia - Encephalopathy from liver disease - Acute psychiatric instability, such as significant psychosis, mania, or elevated risk for suicide - Not able to attend clinic appointments - Pregnant women - If any of the following medication are being used: Ondansetron, Disulfiram, Topiramate, Naltrexone, Acamprosate, Buprenorphine, or Methadone

Additional Information

Official title Efficacy & Safety of Baclofen to Reduce Alcohol Use in Veterans With HCV
Principal investigator Peter Hauser, MD
Description Project: Efficacy of baclofen in reducing alcohol consumption in veterans with HCV Principal Investigator: Peter Hauser, MD Keywords: Hepatitis C, Substance-Related Disorders, Alcoholism Abstract PLAN/METHODS: Two sites of the national VA Hepatitis C Resource Center, including Minneapolis and Portland VAMCs, the Long Beach VAMC, and the San Diego VAMC (total 4 sites) will recruit 180 men, women, and minority veterans who are HCV positive and currently drinking alcohol. Participants will be assessed for current alcohol use and alcohol use disorders and enrolled in the study if they meet eligibility criteria, mainly that they are drinking more than 7 drinks a week or have one heavy drinking day a week for the preceding two weeks. Enrolled subjects will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: Experimental group (Baclofen) or control (placebo). Subjects will be followed for a total of 14 weeks, and follow-up data will be collected at a total of 11 visits (weeks 1,2,3,4,6,8,10,12, and 14). At each visit, interviews will be conducted by a blinded interviewer assessing current stage of change and current alcohol use along with any changes in mood and psychological or somatic symptoms. HCV viral titers will be obtained at baseline and again at week 12 to determine the effect of abstinence on this measure. Data will also be collected from participants' medical records regarding enrollment and attendance in substance abuse treatment or self-help programs (Alcoholics Anonymous). Data will be analyzed using repeated measure ANOVAs to compare the groups on alcohol use and stage of change. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study focuses on a current VHA priority: treatment of veterans with HCV. Alcohol use in this population is a major risk factor for progression of liver disease. We anticipate that the Baclofen proposed in this study will result in reduced alcohol use, which is expected to result in a slowing of the progression of liver disease, improvement in physical health, and a reduction in long-term service utilization and mortality rates. POTENTIAL IMPACT ON VETERANS HEALTH CARE: Effectively addressing alcohol use disorders in a hepatitis clinic will contribute to a new standard of care for HCV patients within the VA. Co-located care for patients with comorbid medical and substance use disorders is likely to improve access to effective treatment, acceptance by patients and improve clinical efficiency.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Department of Veterans Affairs.