This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition hepatocellular carcinoma
Treatments doxorubicin, tace (transcatheter arterial chemoembolization)
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
Start date February 2009
End date February 2011
Trial size 36 participants
Trial identifier NCT00990860, ISS-13967


TACE possibly plays a significant role in contributing to a subgroup of surviving residual tumor tissue which is characterized by more aggressive biology. This explains the strong scientific rationale for exploring the role of anti-angiogenic therapy such as sorafenib to remedy and strengthen the therapeutic efficacy of TACE to combat liver cancers. Sorafenib plays a prominent auxiliary role by further suppressing the tumor growth and prolonging the time to recurrence and progression. Performing TACE under sorafenib administration may have synergic effect on hepatic tumoral lesions.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
After identifying the target artery of HCC, doxorubicin will be infused through the target artery of HCC patient with lipiodol emulsion (dependent on the tumor size)
tace (transcatheter arterial chemoembolization)
TACE (Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization)

Primary Outcomes

Safety and tolerability (such as adverse events and laboratory changes (haematology, clinical chemistry))
time frame: 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Time to Progression
time frame: 2 years
Overall survival
time frame: 2 years
Progression Free Survival
time frame: 2 years
No. of TACE cycles
time frame: 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age ≧ 18 - life expectancy > 12 weeks - Histologically diagnosed HCC, OR clinically diagnosed HCC for patients with difficulty in obtaining histological diagnosis. A clinically diagnosed HCC should fulfill ALL the criteria below - Chronic hepatitis B or C and/or evidence of liver cirrhosis. - Presence of hepatic tumour(s) with image findings compatible with HCC, and no evidence of other gastrointestinal tumours - A persistent elevation of serum AFP >= 400 ng/ml without any evidence of an existing α-fetoprotein-secreting germ cell tumour - Child-Pugh score ≦ 7 - BCLC B - The patient must have a solitary hepatic tumour greater than 3 cm in diameter or multifocal disease as evidenced by CT or MRI scanning. - The target lesion must not have been previously treated with local therapy - The patient must not be a candidate for surgical resection or ablation of the tumour. Size of largest tumor ≦10cm in largest dimension - Patients who have received previous local therapy treatments (RFA, PEI, cryoablation, surgery, resection) to non-target lesions are eligible - Local therapy must have been completed at least 4 weeks prior to baseline scan. - ECOG performance status 0 or 1 - Hb ≧ 9g/dL, - Absolute neutrophil count > 1000/mm3 - Platelet count ≧ 60x109/L - Adequate clotting function: INR < 1.5 - Hepatic: AST or ALT < 5 X ULN - Renal: serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN - Bilirubin ≦ 3mg/dL - The patient must give written, informed consent Exclusion Criteria: - Tumor factors - Presence of extrahepatic metastasis - Predominantly infiltrative lesion - Diffuse tumor morphology with extensive lesions involving both lobes. - Vascular complications - Hepatic artery thrombosis, or - Partial or complete thrombosis of the main portal vein, or - Tumor invasion of portal branch of contralateral lobe, or - Hepatic vein tumor thrombus, or - Significant arterioportal shunt not amenable to shunt blockage - Liver function - Advanced liver disease: ascites, hepatic encephalopathy - Patients with clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding within the 30 days prior to study entry. - Others - Pregnant or lactating women. - Active sepsis or bleeding. - Hypersensitivity to intravenous contrast agents. - The patient has received prior treatment for HCC target lesion. - History of cardiac disease - Congestive heart failure > NYHA class 2; active coronary artery disease - Cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy other than beta blockers or digoxin. - Hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg or diastolic pressure > 90 mmHg despite optimal medical management. - Therapeutic anticoagulation with coumarin, heparins, or heparinoids. - Serious non-healing wounds (including wounds healing by secondary intention), acute or non-healing ulcers, or bone fractures within 3 months. - Impairment of swallowing that would preclude administration of sorafenib. - The patient is, in the opinion of the investigator, unable and / or unwilling to comply with treatment and study instructions. - Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from HCC, EXCEPT cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma, superficial bladder tumors (Ta, Tis & T1). Any cancer curatively treated > 3 years prior to entry is permitted - Any active clinically serious infections (> grade 2 NCI-CTCAE ver 3.0) - HIV infection or AIDS-related illness or serious acute or chronic illness (based on medical history)

Additional Information

Official title START (Study in Asia of the Combination of Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE) With Sorafenib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Patients) Trial
Principal investigator Yee Chao
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2011.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan.