Cord Blood Infusion for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM)
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||type 1 diabetes, children|
|Treatment||umbilical cord blood vita 34|
|Sponsor||Technische Universität München|
|Start date||September 2008|
|End date||September 2014|
|Trial size||18 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00989547, 593|
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is still associated with tremendous morbidity and premature mortality.
Patients require multiple daily insulin injections throughout their lives as well as close monitoring of their diet and blood sugar levels to prevent complications. Unfortunately, there is presently no permanent cure for diabetes. Whole pancreas or islet cell transplantation is available only to a very limited number of patients and necessitates potential lifelong immunosuppressive therapy. Autologous stem cell transplants have been used successfully for ALL (acute lymphoblastic leukemia), AML (acute myeloblastic leukemia) and for the treatment of a variety of cancers including breast cancer and neuroblastomas, and more recently for the treatment of autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS), lupus-like disease, and rheumatic disorders. Recently it was shown that bone marrow-derived stems cells transplanted into diabetic mice led to reduced hyperglycemia within 7 days after transplantation and was sustained until they were sacrificed at 35 days post-transplantation. The investigators' goal is to transfuse autologous umbilical cord blood into 23 children (Germany 10 and 20 Controls) with T1D in an attempt to regenerate pancreatic islet insulin producing beta cells and improve blood glucose control. As secondary goals, the investigators aim to track the migration of transfused cord blood stem and study the potential changes in metabolism/immune function leading to islet regeneration.
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Insulin Dose, Autoantibody levels, T-cell functional response assays, Cytokine levels
Male or female participants at least 1 year old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Must have a diagnosis of T1D and have stored umbilical cord blood (10 patients sought) at the cord bank Vita 34. - TID diagnosis will be defined as having a clear history of polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, and weight loss consistent with a clinical diagnosis, diagnosis will mot be based solely upon the presence of autoantibodies. - Cord blood meets all selection and testing criteria (see below). - Normal screening values for CBC, Renal function and electrolytes (BMP). - Willing to comply with intensive diabetes management - Not younger than 1 year of age Exclusion Criteria: - Have complicating medical issues that would interfere with blood drawing or monitoring. - Require chronic use of steroids or other immunosuppressive agents for other conditions. - Cord Blood with viability < 50%. - Positive infectious disease markers from mothers blood or cord at time of collection (See below for details). - Any evidence of illness on planned infusion date (i.e. fever >38.5 C, vomiting, diarrhea, wheezing, or crackles).
|Official title||Transfusion of Autologous Umbilical Cord Blood to Reverse Hyperglycemia in Children With Type 1 Diabetes - A Pilot Study.|
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