This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions reproductive age, oophorectomy for benign indications
Treatment women undergoing a bilateral or unilateral oophorectomy at ou medical center, oklahoma city, oklahoma
Sponsor University of Oklahoma
Start date August 2009
End date August 2016
Trial size 41 participants
Trial identifier NCT00989183, 1964


The goals of this research proposal are to further our understanding of the reproductive aging process in women and to improve our ability to clinically assess and model reproductive aging. Reproductive aging is a continuous process that begins many years prior to menopause. Women in their late 30s and early 40s usually maintain normal menstrual function and ovulatory status, yet fertility in these women is considerably compromised compared to younger women. The primary mechanism of reproductive aging is through the process of ovarian primordial follicle (egg) depletion, a process that exhibits considerable variation between women. As a result, the age at which an individual begins to experience infertility and menstrual cycle changes secondary to follicle depletion also varies significantly and is difficult to predict. Multiple studies have investigated the impact of lifestyle choices (tobacco use, oral contraceptives, BMI, alcohol use, and parity) on reproductive lifespan by correlating the impact of these exposures with the age of spontaneous menopause. Although occasionally in agreement, many of these studies report contradictory findings. Alcohol use either delays or has no effect upon the age of spontaneous menopause. Similarly, oral contraceptive pill use has been suggested to both accelerate and delay the onset of menopause. The most consistent findings regarding the impact of these factors is an acceleration in the age of menopause by 1-2 years in smokers. Given the lack of consistent findings in these investigations, the exact impact of lifestyle factors on reproductive age is currently unknown. Nevertheless, the magnitude of such exposures in the U.S. population is considerable, with 19% of adult women using oral contraceptives and 19.2% current smokers according to recent statistics. This proposal seeks to develop better models of normal female reproductive aging through anatomical studies investigating the impact of lifestyle choices on ovarian primordial follicle number. A secondary aim is to determine the relationship between newly described markers developed to assess biological aging in other organ systems (white blood cell telomere length and the measurement of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) through skin autofluorescence) and reproductive age.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Time perspective prospective

Primary Outcomes

To determine the impact of lifestyle choices (body-mass index, smoking, oral contraceptive use, and ethanol use) on ovarian primordial follicle (PF) number with the goal of incorporating these parameters into our model of reproductive aging in women.
time frame: 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Determine whether white blood cell telomere length and AGE measured by skin autofluorescence are correlated with ovarian PF number.
time frame: 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants from 21 years up to 55 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Undergoing gynecologic operations in which a bilateral or unilateral oophorectomy is performed at OU Medical Center, Oklahoma City - 21-55 years old - NOTE: Must be willing to travel to Oklahoma City to participate. Need to have the transvaginal ultrasound and skin autofluorescence measurement at the OU Physicians Reproductive Health Clinic in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Exclusion Criteria: - Gynecological malignancy - Chemotherapy or radiation treatment - Autoimmune disease - Prior ovarian surgery - Subjects with ovarian pathology such as polycystic ovaries, endometrioma, dermoid

Additional Information

Official title Lifestyle Factors and Their Impact on Ovarian Reserve
Principal investigator Karl R Hansen, MD, PhD
Description In order to test the hypotheses, we will obtain whole ovaries (single or pairs) from 65 healthy females between the ages of 21 and 55 undergoing surgical oophorectomy at OU Medical Center for benign indications. - informed consent - collection of baseline demographic data (height, weight, ethnicity, age) - completion of structured interview to obtain information regarding oral contraceptive, ethanol, tobacco use and socioeconomic status - Measurements of FSH, estradiol, inhibin B, AMH, white-blood cells for telomere length, measurement of hemoglobin A1C to control for blood glucose levels - AFC as determined by transvaginal ultrasound exam - skin autofluorescence measurement - subjects then undergo surgery with their primary care gynecologist - determination of ovarian PF number by modern morphometric methods
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Oklahoma.