Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm, unclassifiable, previously treated myelodysplastic syndrome, recurrent adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia, recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia, refractory anemia with excess blasts, refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia, refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia and ringed sideroblasts, secondary acute myeloid leukemia
Treatments pretargeted radioimmunotherapy, cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, total-body irradiation, nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, fludarabine phosphate, pharmacological study, laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase phase 1
Sponsor Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date April 2010
End date January 2015
Trial size 30 participants
Trial identifier NCT00988715, 2309.00, NCI-2009-01294, P01CA044991, P30CA015704

Summary

This phase I trial studies pretargeted radioimmunotherapy and donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant employing fludarabine phosphate and total-body irradiation (TBI) to treat patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or myelodysplastic syndrome. Giving chemotherapy drugs, such as fludarabine phosphate, and TBI before a donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant helps stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies can be combined with fludarabine phosphate and TBI to find cancer cells and kill them without harming normal cells. Pretargeted radioimmunotherapy (PRIT) allows for further improved targeting of tumor cells over standard directly labeled antibodies.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients undergo pretargeted radioimmunotherapy comprising a test dose of BC8-SA conjugate IV on day -22 and 111In-DOTA-biotin IV on day -20, followed by a therapy dose of BC8-SA conjugate IV on day -14 and 90Y-DOTA-biotin IV on day -12. Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV on days -4 to -2. Patients undergo TBI and then peripheral blood stem cell transplant on day 0. Patients with matched related donors receive cyclosporine IV on days -3 to 56 and taper to day 180 and mycophenolate mofetil PO BID on days 0-27. Patients with matched unrelated donors receive cyclosporine IV on days -3 to 100 and taper to day 180 and mycophenolate mofetil PO TID on days 0-40 and taper to day 96.
pretargeted radioimmunotherapy
Antibody-streptavidin conjugate and radiolabeled DOTA-biotin, each given IV
cyclosporine 27-400
Given IV
mycophenolate mofetil Cellcept
Given PO
total-body irradiation TBI
Undergo total-body irradiation
nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Non-myeloablative allogeneic transplant
Undergo peripheral blood stem cell transplant
peripheral blood stem cell transplantation PBPC transplantation
Undergo peripheral blood stem cell transplant
fludarabine phosphate 2-F-ara-AMP
Given IV
pharmacological study pharmacological studies
Correlative studies
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Incidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) (grade III/IV Bearman) to determine MTD of radiation delivered to normal organ by pretargeted 90Y-DOTA-biotin
time frame: Within 100 days post-transplant

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Rates of engraftment, chimerism, and non-relapse mortality
time frame: Days 28
Rates of engraftment, chimerism, and non-relapse mortality
time frame: Day 84
Rate of grades III-IV acute GVHD
time frame: At day +100
Achievement and duration of response
time frame: Up to 24 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with advanced AML or ALL defined as beyond first remission, primary refractory disease, or evolved from myelodysplastic or myeloproliferative syndromes; or patients with MDS expressed as refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB), refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD), RCMD with ringed sideroblasts (RCMD-RS), or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) - Patients not in remission must have CD45-expressing leukemic blasts; patients in remission do not require phenotyping and may have leukemia previously documented to be CD45 negative (because in remission patients, virtually all antibody binding is to nonmalignant cells which make up >= 95% of nucleated cells in the marrow) - Patients should have a circulating blast count of less than 10,000/mm^3 (control with hydroxyurea or similar agent is allowed) - Patients must have an estimated creatinine clearance greater than 50/mL per minute - Bilirubin < 2 times the upper limit of normal - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2 times the upper limit of normal - Karnofsky score >= 70 or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) =< 2 - Patients must have an expected survival of > 60 days and must be free of active infection - Patients must have an human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling donor or an HLA-matched unrelated donor who meets standard Seattle Cancer Care Alliance (SCCA) and/or National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) or other donor center criteria for peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) donation; related donors should be matched by molecular methods at the intermediate resolution level at HLA-A, B, C, and DRB1 according to Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC) Standard Practice Guidelines and to the allele level at DQB1; unrelated donors should be identified using matching criteria that follows the FHCRC standard practice guidelines limiting the study to eligible donors that are allele matched for HLA-A, B, C, DRB1, and DQB1 (Grade 1), and accepting up to one allele mismatch as per standard practice grade 2.1 for HLA-A, B, or C; PBSC is the only permitted stem cell source - DONOR: Donors must meet HLA matching criteria as well as standard SCCA and/or NMDP, or other donor center criteria for PBSC donation Exclusion Criteria: - Circulating human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) or human anti-streptavidin antibody (HASA) - Prior radiation to maximally tolerated levels to any critical normal organ - Patients may not have symptomatic coronary artery disease and may not be on cardiac medications for anti-arrhythmic or inotropic effects - Patients with the following organ dysfunction: - Left ventricular ejection fraction < 35% - Corrected diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 35% and/or receiving supplemental continuous oxygen - Liver abnormalities: fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis of the liver with evidence of portal hypertension, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, uncorrectable hepatic synthetic dysfunction as evidenced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bacterial or fungal liver abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis, or symptomatic biliary disease - Patients who are known seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - Perceived inability to tolerate diagnostic or therapeutic procedures, particularly treatment in radiation isolation - Active central nervous system (CNS) leukemia - Women of childbearing potential who are pregnant (beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [b-HCG] +) or breast feeding - Fertile men and women unwilling to use contraceptives during and for 12 months post-transplant - Patients may not use vitamin supplements containing biotin from the time of 1 week prior to treatment until 1 week after completion of treatment with all PRIT components - Inability to understand or give an informed consent

Additional Information

Official title Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Patients With High-Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), or Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Using Radiolabeled DOTA-Biotin Pretargeted by BC8 Antibody-Streptavidin Conjugate
Principal investigator Brenda Sandmaier
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of radiation delivered via PRIT using BC8-SA (BC8 antibody-streptavidin conjugate) when combined with fludarabine (FLU) (fludarabine phosphate), 2 Gy total body irradiation (TBI), cyclosporine (CSP), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) in patients who have advanced acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), or high risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To estimate rates of immune reconstitution, engraftment, and donor chimerism resulting from this combined preparative regimen. II. To estimate rates of disease relapse, acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), and day-100 disease-free survival in patients receiving PRIT using BC8-SA combined with FLU, 2 Gy TBI, CSP, MMF, and allogeneic HCT. III. To assess biodistribution, serum half-life, urinary excretion, tissue localization, and clearance of BC8-SA conjugate and DOTA-biotin. IV. To assess the feasibility of yttrium y 90 (90Y)-DOTA-biotin to bind to BC8-SA conjugate localized to hematolymphoid tissues. OUTLINE: Patients undergo pretargeted radioimmunotherapy comprising a test dose of BC8-SA conjugate intravenously (IV) on day -22 and indium In 111(111In)-DOTA-biotin IV on day -20, followed by a therapy dose of BC8-SA conjugate IV on day -14 and 90Y-DOTA-biotin IV on day -12. Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV on days -4 to -2. Patients undergo TBI and then peripheral blood stem cell transplantation on day 0. Patients with matched related donors receive cyclosporine IV on days -3 to 56 and taper to day 180 and mycophenolate mofetil orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 0-27. Patients with matched unrelated donors receive cyclosporine IV on days -3 to 100 and taper to day 180 and mycophenolate mofetil PO thrice daily (TID) on days 0-40 and taper to day 96. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months, and then annually thereafter.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.