Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions amputation, diabetes complications, leg injuries, traumatic amputation
Treatments pe-lite and sleeve suspension socket, total surface bearing a socket with a sleeve suspension but without suction, total surface bearing suction socket with a pin lock suspension, total surface bearing suction socket with a sleeve suspension, vacuum-assisted socket system (harmony system, otto bock)
Sponsor VA Office of Research and Development
Collaborator University of Washington
Start date November 2009
End date October 2012
Trial size 40 participants
Trial identifier NCT00985842, A4378-R

Summary

Amputee gait produces periodic occlusion of residual limb blood vessels. During the stance phase of gait, body weight cause the prosthesis to compresses the soft tissue of the residual limb and occlude blood flow. This occlusion can be relieved during swing phase, but may depend on type of prosthesis. The purpose of the proposed research is to: (1) discover the range of tissue oxygenation in the intact and residual lower limbs of dysvascular amputees during gait and (2) to learn which of five different prosthetic limb systems provides greater tissue oxygenation.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Other)
Comparison of five different clinically used suspension and socket systems
pe-lite and sleeve suspension socket
Prosthetic socket worn by the amputee that has a Pe-lite foam liner between the socket and the residual limb. It is suspended from the residual limb using a sleeve at the top of the socket.
total surface bearing a socket with a sleeve suspension but without suction
Prosthetic socket worn by the amputee where the fit of the socket touches every part of the residual limb. This socket is suspended from the residual limb using a sleeve at the top of the socket.
total surface bearing suction socket with a pin lock suspension
Prosthetic socket worn by the amputee where the fit of the socket touches every part of the residual limb. This socket is suspended from the residual limb using a pin that protrudes from the bottom of the liner into the socket that is then locked in place by the amputee.
total surface bearing suction socket with a sleeve suspension
Prosthetic socket worn by the amputee where the fit of the socket touches every part of the residual limb. This socket using vacuum suction plus a sleeve at the top of the prosthetic socket to enhance the security of the suspension.
vacuum-assisted socket system (harmony system, otto bock)
Prosthetic socket worn by the amputee where the a vacuum pump, in this case a mechanically-activated pump, creates a vacuum between the socket and the limb. This vacuum suspends the prosthetic limb from the amputee's residual limb.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Oxygen in tissue
time frame: Comparison of five different systems will be performed in one session occurring on one day

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 70 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: All subjects must meet the following inclusion criteria: - unilateral transtibial amputee of diabetic etiology between the ages of 18 and 70, - have been fit with a prosthesis and have used a prosthesis for at least one year, - wear the prosthesis at least 4 hours per day, - ambulate without upper extremity aids, and - have no history of injurious falls within the previous six months. Exclusion Criteria: Subjects will be excluded if: - they have a significant lower extremity pain condition, musculoskeletal disorder, or neurological deficit that interferes with their ability to pursue typical daily activities or alters their gait characteristics or - their residual limb is ulcerated.

Additional Information

Official title Socket System Effect on Tissue Oxygenation During Amputee Gait
Principal investigator Glenn K Klute, PhD
Description The amount of oxygen in residual limb tissue is an important health status indicator; resistance to infection, promotion of wound healing, production of collagen, and epithelialization all correlate with higher oxygen levels. Unfortunately, simply donning a lower limb prosthesis may limit circulation and reduce the level of tissue oxygenation. This reduction may be compounded by the biomechanical forces of gait. The compressive loads of the body's weight during stance and the inertial loads of the prosthesis during swing may further occlude circulation, albeit by different mechanisms. For the dysvascular lower limb amputee, the choice of prosthetic socket and suspension system may impact the overall health of their residual limb and wound healing capacity. An inappropriate choice may lead to skin irritation, tissue breakdown, discomfort, and reduced mobility. For these patients, any component that reduces tissue oxygenation is a significant problem because compromised circulation can forestall wound healing. The objective of the proposed research is to use photo-oximetry to discover which of five different prosthetic limb systems results in higher residual limb tissue oxygenation during both rest and gait. This experiment will enable evidence-based decision making on this clinically relevant problem. Using a prospective, randomized cross-over experimental design and the investigators' photo-oximetry system, the investigators will measure and compare the tissue oxygenation along the medial and lateral surfaces (3 sites each) of the residual limb during rest and walking.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by VA Office of Research and Development.