Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions penile cancer, erectile dysfunction, radical prostatectomy
Treatments placebo qhs and sildenafil and questionnaires, sildenafil and questionnaire, trimix combination (papavarine 30mg/ml phentholamine 1mg/ml prostaglandin e1 10 mcg/mml) and questionnaires
Sponsor Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Collaborator Pfizer
Start date August 2009
End date August 2016
Trial size 100 participants
Trial identifier NCT00955929, 09-005

Summary

When a bilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (RP) is performed, recovery of erectile function (rigid erections) is reported for up to 80% of patients, who are less than 60 years old. Erectile function recovery is also impacted by patient age, erectile function before surgery, and the length of time after surgery.

Current evidence from studies suggests that developing erections is important, however, these studies have been small, and the evidence is not definite. Animal studies suggest that erection medication (Viagra, Levitra, Cialis) may protect erection tissue, even in the absence of erections. However, the correct treatment plan is unknown. For example, how often does a man need to take sildenafil (Viagra®) to protect his erectile function or to maximize his erectile function recovery? Is only using erection medication enough for erectile function recovery? Would penile injections, which almost ensure production of an erection, be better than using sildenafil (Viagra®), or might a combination be even better at helping recovery of erections? These are types of questions this study might answer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, investigator)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Placebo QHS (blinded) and sildenafil 100mgs (open-label) as required for sexual relations. The placebo will be omitted on nights that 100mgs is used. Placebo will start within 24-48 hours post-surgery.
placebo qhs and sildenafil and questionnaires
Pts will be offered sildenafil 100 mg to be used before intercourse on an as-required basis. They will be given six 100 mg doses, per month, for a 12-month duration. Each patient in this group will use a placebo pill (blinded) each night, except on a nights that 100mg is taken for the purpose of sexual relations. Patients will be evaluated in the clinic and will complete the questionnaires at baseline (pre-treatment evaluation), 3, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months after the operation. At 12 months postoperatively, all patients will stop treatment. Visits 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months will have ±2 week window.
(Experimental)
Patients will be instructed to take sildenafil 50 mg QHS (blinded) except on nights that they are interested in sexual relations, they will then be instructed to use sildenafil 100mgs (open-label) and skip the 50mg dose. Sildenafil treatment will start within 24-48 hours post-surgery.
sildenafil and questionnaire
Patients will be instructed to take sildenafil 50 mg QHS (blinded) except on nights that they are interested in sexual relations, they will then be instructed to use sildenafil 100mgs (open-label) and skip the 50mg dose. Sildenafil treatment will start within 24-48 hours post-surgery. Patients will be evaluated in the clinic and will complete the questionnaires at baseline (pre-treatment evaluation), 3, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months after the operation. At 12 months postoperatively, all patients will stop treatment. Visits 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months will have ±2 week window
(Experimental)
Trimix combination (Papavarine 30mg/mL Phentholamine 1mg/mL Prostaglandin E1 10 mcg/mL), at initial dose of 5 units (0.05ml) will be given; the first 2 injections will be done in the MSKCC urology outpatient clinic (if needed, the investigator can determine appropriate amount of injections for patient training).
trimix combination (papavarine 30mg/ml phentholamine 1mg/ml prostaglandin e1 10 mcg/mml) and questionnaires
Intracavernous injections of a trimix combination (Papaverine 30mg/mL Phentholamine 1mg/mL Prostaglandin E1 10 mcg/mL) will be injected three times a week, and sildenafil 50mg taken on the other four (non-injection) nights. Injection therapy can be used for the purpose of sexual relations. Patients will be evaluated in the clinic and will complete the questionnaires at baseline (pre-treatment evaluation), 3, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months after the operation. At 12 months postoperatively, all patients will stop treatment. Visits 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months will have ±2 week window.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Difference in the erectile function (EF) domain score of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) between the 3 groups at 24 months.
time frame: 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
The time to return of spontaneous functional erections.
time frame: 2 years
The time for patients to respond to oral erectogenic therapy.
time frame: 2 years
The proportion of patients who have normalization of their erectile function (normalization of the EF domain of the IIEF).
time frame: 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Male, must be ≥ 18 years of age, with histologically confirmed prostate adenocarcinoma, that is clinically localized to the prostate gland - Stable sexual relationship for ≥ 6 months - Open or laparoscopic bilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy - Baseline score of ≥ 22 on the International Index of Erectile Function Domain (Appendix A) - Able to speak, read and write in the English language - Calculated creatinine clearance using the 4 variable MDRD equation based on serum creatinine, age, race, and gender of > 60 cc/min - Patient is able to walk up two flights of stairs briskly without chest pain - Patient needs to have their baseline sitting AND standing blood pressure and pulse done at the time of consent Exclusion Criteria: - Preoperative or planned postoperative pelvic radiation therapy - Preoperative or planned postoperative androgen deprivation - Presence of Peyronie's disease at baseline - Presence of a penile prosthesis at baseline - Resection of one or both nerve bundles at surgery - Any contraindications to sildenafil: - Patient is currently using nitrates; - Presence of retinitis pigmentosa; - Presence macular degeneration; - MI or CVA within 3 months; - Patient is currently using MAOI medications - Patient is currently using penile self injection medication (Trimix, Bimix, or PGE-1) - Patient requiring sildenafil for penetration - Use of sildenafil within 30 days of consent

Additional Information

Official title A Randomized Trial of Pharmacological Penile Rehabilitation in the Preservation of Erectile Function Following Bilateral Nerve-Sparing Radical Prostatectomy
Principal investigator John Mulhall, MD
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.