Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition sarcoma
Treatments epirubicin hydrochloride, ifosfamide, sorafenib tosylate, immunoenzyme technique, immunohistochemistry staining method, laboratory biomarker analysis, adjuvant therapy, neoadjuvant therapy, therapeutic conventional surgery, hypofractionated radiation therapy
Phase phase 1
Targets RAF, FLT-3, KIT, PDGF, VEGF
Sponsor OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date February 2009
End date September 2012
Trial size 18 participants
Trial identifier NCT00822848, 4653, BAYER-OHSU-4653, CDR0000631580, OHSU-4653, OHSU-SOL-08080-L, P30CA069533

Summary

RATIONALE: Sorafenib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as epirubicin and ifosfamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving these treatments after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of sorafenib when given together with epirubicin, ifosfamide, and radiation therapy followed by surgery in treating patients with high-risk stage II or stage III soft tissue sarcoma.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
epirubicin hydrochloride
I.V., days 1-3 of each cycle. Epirubicin to be omitted during cycle 2 (concomitant chemoradiation)
ifosfamide
Over 90 minutes I.V., days 1-3 of each cycle. Administered with hydration and Mesna.
sorafenib tosylate
P.O. daily beginning 2 weeks before first chemotherapy cycle, held 1 week before and after surgery.
immunoenzyme technique
immunohistochemistry staining method
laboratory biomarker analysis
adjuvant therapy Adjuvant radiotherapy
Preoperative administration has been the preference at our institution.
neoadjuvant therapy Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy
therapeutic conventional surgery
Surgery should be planned for 2-4 weeks after the initiation of chemotherapy for cycle 3.
hypofractionated radiation therapy
28 Gy (350 centigray (cGy) x 8 fractions in 10 days) beginning at the start of cycle 2. *Boost: postoperative boost of 12 Gy (200 cGy x 6 fractions) for patients with positive surgical margins only.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of sorafenib tosylate when combined with chemoradiotherapy
time frame: The first 8 weeks of therapy, but dose limiting toxicity (DLTs) will be monitored throughout the entire 22 week treatment
Safety
time frame: As necessary and at the discretion of the principal investigator

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Time to local recurrence
time frame: From surgical resection of the primary tumor until local recurrence
Distant disease-free survival
time frame: Registration until development of distant metastatic disease or death, whichever occurs first.
Progression-free survival
time frame: Registration to progressive disease (per RECIST)
Overall survival
time frame: Registration until death from any cause.
Histologic necrosis rate of ≥ 95%
time frame: Examined for pathologic response at the time of surgery.
Levels of tumorigenic and angiogenic markers, including p-ERK, VEGF, sVEGFR-2, bFGF, in plasma and tumor tissue samples as measured by ELISA
time frame: Baseline, during, and after treatment with sorafenib plus chemoradiotherapy
Expression of tumor proliferation and angiogenic factors, including p-ERK, VEGFR2 and PDGFR, in tumor tissue samples as measured by IHC
time frame: baseline, week 2 (after sorafenib run-in), and then every 3 weeks through completion of treatment.

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 15 years up to 120 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed soft tissue sarcoma of the upper (including shoulder) or lower (including hip) extremities or body wall - Stage II or III disease, as defined by the following: - Tumor dimension > 5 cm - Superficial or deep tumor - Intermediate or high-grade disease - No regional lymph node involvement - No distant metastases - No rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), osteosarcoma, or gastrointestinal stromal tumor - Pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma allowed - No known metastases - Patients with neurological symptoms must undergo a CT scan or MRI of the brain to exclude brain metastases PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1 - Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/μL - Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL - International Normalized Ratio (INR) < 1.5 or Prothrombin Time/Partial Thromboplastin Time (PT/PTT) normal - Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL - Aspartate Aminotransferase/Alanine Aminotransferase (AST/ALT) ≤ 1.5 times ULN - Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) ≥ 50% - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception (male patients must use effective contraception for ≥ 3 months after completion of study treatment) - No contraindications to limb-sparing surgery - No severe peripheral vascular disease - No concurrent uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, the following: - Ongoing or active serious infection > Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Effects (CTCAE) grade 2 - Symptomatic congestive heart failure - Unstable angina pectoris (i.e., angina symptoms at rest) or new onset angina within the past 3 months - Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months - Cardiac ventricular arrhythmia requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy - Psychiatric illness/social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements - No uncontrolled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg, despite optimal medical management) - No known HIV infection or chronic hepatitis B or C infection - No thrombolic or embolic events (e.g., cerebrovascular accident, including transient ischemic attacks) within the past 6 months - No pulmonary hemorrhage or bleeding event ≥ CTCAE grade 2 within the past 4 weeks - No other hemorrhage or bleeding event ≥ CTCAE grade 3 within the past 4 weeks - No serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture - No evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy - No significant traumatic injury within the past 4 weeks - No known or suspected allergy to sorafenib tosylate or any agent given in the study - No condition that would impair the ability to swallow whole pills - No malabsorption problem - No "currently active" second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer - Not considered to have a "currently active" malignancy if patient completed therapy AND has a < 30% risk of relapse PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - No prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or biotherapy - More than 4 weeks since prior major surgery - No concurrent St. John's wort or rifampin - No other concurrent investigational or anticancer therapy - Concurrent anticoagulation with warfarin or heparin allowed

Additional Information

Official title Antiangiogenic Potentiation of Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy for High Risk Extremity Soft Tissue Sarcomas: A Phase I Study of Sorafenib With Epirubicin, Ifosfamide, Hypofractionated Radiation, and Surgery
Principal investigator Christopher W. Ryan, MD
Description OBJECTIVES: Primary - To determine the maximum tolerated dose of sorafenib tosylate when combined with epirubicin hydrochloride, ifosfamide, and hypofractionated radiotherapy prior to surgery in patients with high-risk stage II or III soft tissue sarcoma of the extremity or body wall. Secondary - To examine, preliminarily, the activity of this regimen, in terms of time to local recurrence, distant disease-free survival, progression-free survival, overall survival, and histologic necrosis rate of ≥ 95%, in these patients. - To investigate levels of tumorigenic and angiogenic markers, including phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), serum vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (sVEGFR-2), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), in plasma and tumor tissue samples at baseline and during and after treatment. - To evaluate expression of tumor proliferation and angiogenic factors, including p-ERK, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) and Platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), in tumor tissue samples as measured by Immunohistochemistry (IHC). OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of sorafenib tosylate. Patients receive oral sorafenib tosylate* once or twice daily beginning 2 weeks before the initiation of chemotherapy and continuing until the completion of chemotherapy. Patients also receive epirubicin hydrochloride** IV and ifosfamide IV over 90 minutes on days 1-3 and pegfilgrastim subcutaneously (SC) on day 4 or filgrastim (G-CSF) (SC) daily beginning on day 4 and continuing for up to 10 days or until blood counts recover. Chemotherapy repeats approximately every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. During course 2, patients also undergo 8 fractions of external beam radiotherapy once daily between days 1-10 for a total dose of 28 Gy. Between courses 3 and 4, patients undergo surgical resection. Beginning approximately 2 weeks after surgical resection, patients with positive surgical margins undergo 6 fractions of boost external beam radiotherapy once daily for a total dose of 12 Gy. NOTE: *Sorafenib is discontinued 1 week before surgery and resumed 1 week after surgery. NOTE: **Epirubicin is omitted during course 2. Plasma and tumor tissue samples are collected periodically for correlative laboratory studies. Plasma and tumor tissue samples are analyzed by ELISA for measurement of tumorigenic and angiogenic markers, including p-ERK, VEGF, sVEGFR-2, and bFGF. Tumor tissue samples are also analyzed by IHC for p-ERK, VEGFR2, phospho-VEGFR2, PDGFR, and phospho-PDGFR. After completion of study therapy, patients are followed periodically.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by OHSU Knight Cancer Institute.