Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions cardiovascular disease, diabetes
Treatment tailored cardiovascular risk management (nurse-administered )
Sponsor Duke University
Collaborator The Kate B. Reynolds Charitable Trust
Start date December 2008
End date March 2011
Trial size 362 participants
Trial identifier NCT00815789, 64254, Pro00006548

Summary

The goal of this study is to improve cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cholesterol in African Americans adults with diabetes by addressing the modifiable risk factors of systolic blood pressure (SBP), glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb A1c), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). We will evaluate the impact of a tailored CVD risk management intervention administered by nurses via the telephone. The intervention incorporates medication management and behavioral modification and will be tailored to the needs of vulnerable high risk subjects (e.g. African Americans, low socioeconomic status, low literate). It will be integrated into community clinics, thereby enhancing the potential for benefit and generalizability to other settings.

The primary hypothesis is that among African American subjects with diabetes, a nurse administered, tailored cardiovascular risk management intervention targeting both medication management and behavioral patient self-management will decrease SBP by 5 mmHg, Hb A1c by 0.5%, and LDL-C by 20 mg/dl over 12 months relative to the cardiovascular education-only control group.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose health services research
Arm
(Experimental)
A nurse-administered intervention, which includes a behavioral and a medication management component. The intervention consists of very brief monthly telephone calls and occurs over 12 months. Upon request, participants may also be mailed additional supportive educational material to supplement phone intervention. They will also receive a letter clarifying medications reviewed with them during the nurse-administered intervention.
tailored cardiovascular risk management (nurse-administered )
A nurse-administered intervention, which includes a behavioral and a medication management component. The intervention consists of very brief monthly telephone calls and occurs over 12 months. Upon request, participants may also be mailed additional supportive educational material to supplement phone intervention. They will also receive a letter clarifying medications reviewed with them during the nurse-administered intervention.
(No Intervention)
Receive educational material about CVD reduction at baseline

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Change in the outcome (SBP, Hb A1c, or LDL) from baseline to the 12 month evaluation.
time frame: 12 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Changes in CVD related health behaviors (e.g., aspirin use, medication adherence, exercise, and diet) as well as changes in stroke and CHD risk as assessed by the UPKDS risk engine
time frame: 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Enrolled in one of the three primary care clinics for at least one year - Diagnosis ICD (250.xx) in the prior year - 18 years of age and older. Exclusion Criteria: - Hospitalized for a stroke, myocardial infarction, coronary artery revascularization in the past 6 months - Receiving or planning to receive dialysis for end stage renal disease - Diagnosis of metastatic cancer - Active diagnosis of psychosis documented in medical record - Does not have access to a telephone - Refusal to provide informed consent - Resident in nursing home or receiving home health care - Severely impaired sight, hearing or speech - Planning to leave the area prior to the anticipated end of participation - Pregnant or planning to become or breast feeding.

Additional Information

Official title Prevention of Cardiovascular Outcomes in African Americans With Diabetes
Principal investigator Hayden B Bosworth, PhD
Description We will recruit eligible subjects who have an upcoming primary care visit with their primary care provider. Subjects will first be mailed letters, signed by a member of their own primary care team (in these clinics, patients are usually under the care of a team and not one physician) or the Clinic Medical Director in the absence of a primary team member, requesting their participation in the study. Subjects can call a toll-free number to request not to be contacted or if they have any questions (opt-out strategy similar to prior studies approved by Duke's IRB). The research assistant will contact the subject by telephone to explain the study, screen for eligibility, arrange an in-person meeting at the clinic to further describe the study, obtain informed consent and interview the subject. Enrollment will be scheduled at a time when individuals will already be coming to their clinic and all subsequent outcome assessment will be obtained from medical records (e.g., blood pressure, Hb A1c, and LDL-C, BMI) and secondary outcomes (e.g., behaviors will be obtained over the telephone). Upon enrollment, each eligible, consenting subject will be surveyed about demographics, health behaviors (exercise, diet, medication compliance and treatment barriers), social and medical environment (experiences of discrimination, John Henryism, PHQ2, social support and stress, diabetes knowledge and communication). The entire interview would take approximately 60-90 minutes. If the interview cannot be completed at that time, we will ask permission to call the subject at home to complete the interview. After subjects have completed the measurement battery, they will be randomly assigned to be in one of the two groups. The entire study randomization will occur before patient enrollment begins and this will be maintained in a central site away from the enrollment site. At either a 12-month follow-up visit or via a phone call, all subjects will once again be surveyed (30-60 minutes) to determine secondary outcome variables including changes in health behaviors, and adherence to recommended regimens. In addition, the cost-effectiveness of the intervention will be assessed at the conclusion of the study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Duke University.