A Dose Per Fraction Escalation Trial of Hypofractionated IMRT With Temozolomide for Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatments||hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy, temozolomide|
|Sponsor||University of Colorado, Denver|
|Start date||November 2005|
|End date||March 2016|
|Trial size||27 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00792012, 05-0562.cc|
The purpose of the study is to find out the highest dose per fraction of hypofractionated Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (Hypo-IMRT) that can be safely given with temozolomide chemotherapy.
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
To identify the maximum dose per fraction of IMRT a patient can tolerate while keeping the total radiation dose at 60 Gy, provided concurrently with daily oral temozolomide chemotherapy
time frame: Up to 60 days
time frame: Until disease progression
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Histopathologically confirmed WHO grade IV astrocytoma (GBM), tumor can be supra- or infra-tentorial in location but not located in the brain stem. - Solitary or multifocal tumor. - Tumor can be biopsied or resected, either totally or sub-totally. - A pre-radiation therapy brain MRI is mandatory. - Surgical cavity or surgical cavity + T1 enhancing residual tumor ≤ 6 cm in the largest diameter on the pre-radiation therapy MRI. In the case of multifocal tumor, the combined largest diameter of T1 enhancing tumor + surgical cavity ≤ 6 cm. - Placement of bis-chloronitrosourea (BCNU) wafers at the time of surgery is allowed. - Age > 18 years at time of registration. - Estimated survival of at least 3 months. - Zubrod Performance Scale of 0-2 (Karnofsky performance scale ≥ 60). - Hgb > 9 gm; absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1500/ul; platelets > 100,000; Creatinine < 1.5 times the upper limit of laboratory normal value; Bilirubin < 2 times the upper limit of laboratory normal value; serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) or serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT) < 3 times the upper limit of laboratory normal value. - Patients must sign study-specific informed consent form prior to registration. - Men and women and members of all ethnic groups are eligible for this trial. - Radiation therapy and chemotherapy must start within 8 weeks of tumor resection or biopsy Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with contraindications for MRI scanning. - Prior temozolomide chemotherapy. - Prior brain irradiation. - Evidence of severe or uncontrolled psychiatric or systemic disease (e.g., unstable or uncompensated respiratory, cardiac, hepatic, or renal disease) that would interfere with study protocol as judged by the investigator. - Acquired Immune Deficiency (HIV (+)/AIDS) - Patients being treated on any other clinical protocols within 30 days prior to study entry or during participation in the study. - Pregnant women or breast feeding women. Women of childbearing potential must practice medically approved contraceptive precautions. Men should be counseled and agreeable to follow acceptable birth control methods. - Active connective tissue disorders, such as active lupus or scleroderma. - Concurrent active malignancy at other sites. - Frequent vomiting of medical condition which could interfere with oral medication intake (e.g. partial bowel obstruction).
|Official title||A Phase I Dose Per Fraction Escalation Study of Hypofractionated Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (Hypo-IMRT) Combining With Temozolomide (TMZ) Chemotherapy for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM)|
|Principal investigator||Douglas Ney, M.D|
|Description||Hypo-IMRT is given in fewer treatments than conventional radiation therapy. This will be a dose per fraction escalation study. A dose per fraction escalation study means that successive groups of patients will receive higher doses per fraction of radiation while keeping the total dose of radiation the same (60 Gy, Gy is a radiation unit). The radiation dose per fraction will be increased and the numbers of radiation treatments will be decreased until a fraction dose is reached at which there are unacceptable side effects compared with possible benefit. Which group subjects are assigned to will depend on what stage the study has reached at the time the subject decide to participate. This research is being done because with current standard radiation therapy (A total dose of 60 Gy given 2 Gy a day over 6 weeks) the outcome is very poor. New and more effective radiation therapy methods are desperately needed for patients with GBM. In this study, radiation therapy is given together with chemotherapy of Temozolomide. This study is also designed to monitor the level of some of the known cytokines (specific proteins in the blood) before and after radiation, and in meantime to screen unknown proteins in patients' blood before and after radiation therapy. Hopefully, this will provide some clues for future study of monitoring radiation damage, and possibly new therapeutic approach for patients with GBM.|
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