Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, aggressive non-hodgkin lymphoma, diffuse large b-cell lymphoma, previously treated myelodysplastic syndrome, recurrent chronic lymphocytic leukemia, recurrent chronic myelogenous leukemia, bcr-abl1 positive, recurrent indolent adult non-hodgkin lymphoma, recurrent mantle cell lymphoma, recurrent plasma cell myeloma, recurrent small lymphocytic lymphoma, refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia, refractory hodgkin lymphoma, refractory plasma cell myeloma, refractory small lymphocytic lymphoma, waldenstrom macroglobulinemia
Treatments allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine phosphate, laboratory biomarker analysis, mycophenolate mofetil, natural killer cell therapy, tacrolimus, total-body irradiation
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date October 2008
End date April 2017
Trial size 42 participants
Trial identifier NCT00789776, 2230.00, NCI-2010-00106, P01CA078902, P30CA015704

Summary

This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of donor natural killer (NK) cell therapy and to see how well it works when given together with fludarabine phosphate, cyclophosphamide, total-body irradiation, donor bone marrow transplant, mycophenolate mofetil, and tacrolimus in treating patients with hematologic cancer. Giving chemotherapy, such as fludarabine phosphate and cyclophosphamide, and total-body irradiation before a donor bone marrow transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It may also stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Giving an infusion of the donor's T cells (donor lymphocyte infusion) may help the patient's immune system see any remaining cancer cells as not belonging in the patient's body and destroy them (called graft-versus-tumor effect). Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving mycophenolate mofetil and tacrolimus after the transplant may stop this from happening.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
CONDITIONING: Patients receive fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days -6 to -2 and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -6 and -5. Patients undergo total-body irradiation on day -1. DONOR BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo donor bone marrow transplantation on day 0. POST-TRANSPLANTATION IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 3 and mycophenolate mofetil PO TID on days 4 to 40, followed by a taper until day 84 in the absence of GVHD. Patients also receive tacrolimus IV continuously or IV QD over 1-2 hours or PO BID on days 4 to 84, followed by a taper until day 180 in the absence of GVHD. NK CELL INFUSION: Patients undergo donor lymphocyte infusion of NK cells on day 7.
allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Allo BMT
Undergo donor bone marrow transplantation
cyclophosphamide (-)-Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
fludarabine phosphate 2-F-ara-AMP
Given IV
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
mycophenolate mofetil Cellcept
Given PO
natural killer cell therapy
Given IV
tacrolimus FK 506
Given IV or PO
total-body irradiation TOTAL BODY IRRADIATION
Undergo total-body irradiation

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Dose-limiting toxicity (Phase I)
time frame: Day 35 (28 days after NK cell infusion)

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Acute GvHD (Phase II)
time frame: Day 100
Chronic extensive GvHD (Phase II)
time frame: At 1 year
Contribution of KIR ligand alloreactivity to relapse (Phase II)
time frame: Up to 5 years
Engraftment (Phase II)
time frame: Up to 5 years
Evaluation of rejection (Phase II)
time frame: Up to 5 years
NK cell infusion on post-transplant immune reconstitution (Phase II)
time frame: Up to 5 years
Non-relapse mortality (Phase II)
time frame: Day 200
Overall survival (Phase II)
time frame: Up to 5 years
Progression (Phase II)
time frame: Up to 5 years
Relapse (Phase II)
time frame: At 1 year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants of any age.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with the following hematologic malignancies will be permitted although other diagnoses can be considered if approved by Patient Care Conference (PCC) and the principal investigators: - Aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and other histologies such as diffuse large B cell (DLBC) NHL - a) not eligible for autologous HCT, b) not eligible for high-dose HCT, c) after failed autologous HCT, or d) be part of a tandem auto-allo approach for high risk patients - Mantle cell NHL must be beyond first complete response (CR) - Low-grade NHL with < 6 month duration of CR between courses of conventional therapy - Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) must have either - 1) Failed to meet National Cancer Institute (NCI) Working Group criteria for complete or partial response after therapy with a regimen containing FLU (fludarabine phosphate) (or another nucleoside analog, e.g. 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine [2-CDA], pentostatin) or experience disease relapse within 12 months after completing therapy with a regimen containing FLU (or another nucleoside analog) - 2) Failed FLU- CY (cyclophosphamide)-rituximab (FCR) combination chemotherapy at any time point; or - 3) Have "17p deletion" cytogenetic abnormality and relapsed at any time point after any initial chemotherapy - Hodgkin lymphoma - must have received and a) failed frontline therapy, b) not be eligible for autologous HCT, or c) or be part of a tandem auto-allo approach for high risk patients - Multiple myeloma or plasma cell leukemia must have received more than one line of prior chemotherapy; consolidation of chemotherapy by autografting prior to nonmyeloablative HCT is permitted - Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) must have < 5% marrow blasts at the time of HCT - Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) must have < 5% marrow blasts at the time of HCT - Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) accepted if they are beyond chronic phase (CP)1 and if they have received previous myelosuppressive chemotherapy or HCT and have < 5% marrow blasts at time of transplant - Myelodysplasia (MDS)/myeloproliferative syndrome (MPS) - (> intermediate 1 [int-1] per International Prognostic Scoring System [IPSS]) after > or = 1 prior cycle of induction chemotherapy; must have < 5% marrow blasts at time of transplant - Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia must have failed 2 courses of therapy - Patients must be expected to have disease controlled for at least 60 days after HCT - Patients for whom HLA-matched unrelated donor search could not be initiated or completed due to insurance reasons, concerns of rapidly progressive disease, and/or discretion of attending physician are eligible for this protocol - DONOR: Related, HLA-haploidentical donors who are identical for one HLA haplotype and mismatched for any number of HLA-A, -B, -C, DRB1 or DQB1 loci of the unshared haplotype - DONOR: Marrow will be the only allowed hematopoietic stem cell source - DONOR: Haploidentical donor selection will be based on standard institutional criteria, otherwise no specific prioritization will be made amongst the suitable available donors; donors will not be selected based on killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) status Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with available HLA-matched related donors - Patients eligible for a curative autologous HCT - Significant organ dysfunction that would prevent compliance with conditioning, GVHD prophylaxis, or would severely limit the probability of survival: - 1) Symptomatic coronary artery disease or ejection fraction < 35% or other cardiac failure requiring therapy (or, if unable to obtain ejection fraction, shortening fraction of < 26%); if shortening fraction is < 26% a cardiology consult is required with the principal investigator (PI) having final approval of eligibility - 2) Diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 40% total lung capacity (TLC) < 40%, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) < 40% and/or receiving supplementary continuous oxygen; the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC) study PI must approve enrollment of all patients with pulmonary nodules - 3) Liver function abnormalities: patient with clinical or laboratory evidence of liver disease will be evaluated for the cause of liver disease, its clinical severity in terms of liver function, bridging fibrosis, and the degree of portal hypertension; the patient will be excluded if he/she is found to have fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis of the liver with evidence of portal hypertension, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, a history of bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, uncorrectable hepatic synthetic dysfunction evinced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bacterial or fungal liver abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin > 3 mg/dL, or symptomatic biliary disease - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive patients - Patients with poorly controlled hypertension despite multiple antihypertensive medications - Fertile females who are unwilling to use contraceptive techniques during and for the twelve months following treatment, as well as females who are pregnant or actively breast feeding - Fertile males who are unwilling to use contraceptive techniques during and for the twelve months following treatment - Patients with active non-hematologic malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers) or those with non-hematologic malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers) who have been rendered with no evidence of disease, but have a greater than 20% chance of having disease recurrence within five years; this exclusion does not apply to patients with non-hematologic malignancies that do not require therapy - Active infectious disease concerns - Karnofsky performance score < 60 Lansky performance score < 60 - Life expectancy severely limited by diseases other than malignancy - Patients with a diagnosis of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) - Central nervous system (CNS) involvement with disease refractory to intrathecal chemotherapy - Patients with AML, MDS, ALL, or CML must not have presence of circulating leukemic blasts detected by standard pathology - Patients with aggressive lymphomas (such as DLBC) must not have bulky, rapidly progressive disease immediately prior to HCT - Patients who have received a prior allogeneic HCT must have no active GVHD requiring immunosuppressive therapy for at least 21 days prior to start of conditioning - DONOR: Children less than 12 years of age. - DONOR: Children greater than or equal to 12 years of age who have not provided informed assent in the presence of a parent and an attending physician who is not a member of the recipient's care team - DONOR: Children greater than or equal to 12 years of age who have inadequate peripheral vein access to safely undergo apheresis - DONOR: Donors unable or unwilling to undergo marrow harvest for the initial HCT, storage of autologous blood prior to marrow harvest or apheresis one week after marrow harvest - DONOR: Donors who are not expected to meet the minimum target dose of marrow cells (1 x 10^8 nucleated cells/kg recipient ideal body weight [IBW]) for the initial HCT; the average nucleated cell content of harvested marrow is 22 x 10^6 nucleated cells/mL or 220 x 10^8 nucleated cells/Liter - DONOR: HIV-positive donors - DONOR: Donors who are cross-match positive with recipient

Additional Information

Official title A Phase I/II Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Adding a Single Prophylactic Donor Lymphocyte Infusion (DLI) of Natural Killer Cells Early After Nonmyeloablative, HLA-Haploidentical Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation - A Multi Center Trial
Principal investigator Brenda Sandmaier
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Identification of the maximal feasible dose of NK cells that can be infused one week after nonmyeloablative, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). (Phase I) SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: Once the maximal feasible dose has been identified, accrual will be limited to the cohort containing this cell dose to determine: I. Incidence of relapse. (Phase II) II. Incidence of grades III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). (Phase II) III. Incidence of non-relapse mortality. (Phase II) OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of donor NK cell therapy followed by a phase II study. CONDITIONING: Patients receive fludarabine intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days -6 to -2 and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -6 and -5. Patients undergo total-body irradiation on day -1. DONOR BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo donor bone marrow transplantation on day 0. POST-TRANSPLANTATION IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 3 and mycophenolate mofetil orally (PO) thrice daily (TID) on days 4 to 40, followed by a taper until day 84 in the absence of GVHD. Patients also receive tacrolimus IV continuously or IV once daily (QD) over 1-2 hours or PO twice daily (BID) on days 4 to 84, followed by a taper until day 180 in the absence of GVHD. DONOR NK CELL INFUSION: Patients undergo donor lymphocyte infusion of NK cells on day 7. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6 months, 1 year, 1.5 years, and then every year thereafter.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.
Location data was received from the National Cancer Institute and was last updated in June 2016.