This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition metastatic colorectal cancer
Treatments cetuximab, erlotinib
Phase phase 2
Target EGFR
Sponsor Austin Health
Collaborator Ballarat Health Services
Start date October 2008
End date January 2010
Trial size 50 participants
Trial identifier NCT00784667, H2008/03282


This is a clinical trial investigating the effectiveness and safety of the combination of the study drugs cetuximab and erlotinib in patients with advanced (metastatic) refractory colorectal (bowel) cancer. If bowel cancer has spread to other organs (metastatic colorectal cancer), it is usually incurable and life-expectancy without treatment is less then 6 months on average. Currently, chemotherapy has been shown to have a significant impact in advanced colorectal cancer in terms of maintenance of quality of life and extension of survival. However, ultimately tumours will develop resistance to chemotherapy. Treatment options and subsequent survival at that stage are very limited. Therefore, new therapeutic approaches are urgently needed.

It is common for colorectal cancer cells to contain growth receptors, like antennae, on their surface which regulate their growth. The drugs used in this trial have been shown to be effective in targeting one of these growth receptors; the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Cetuximab is an antibody (protein produced by the immune system involved in the defense of the body against infections) against EGFR. Cetuximab has been shown to improve the survival of patients with chemotherapy refractory advanced colorectal cancer. Erlotinib is a protein that prevents activation and hence signaling by EGFR. Erlotinib improves survival in patients with advanced lung cancer. Although, each of these drugs are known to be effective at inhibiting EGFR when they are given alone, at least in some cases, it is hoped that using two drugs that target the same receptor pathway in different ways will provide a more effective treatment.

50 patients from four hospitals in Australia will participate in this trial, with approximately 25 patients being enrolled at Austin Health. All participants will receive the same treatment.

Neither of the study drugs are chemotherapy, and hence it is expected that the treatment would be well tolerated. The most frequent side effect associated with EGFR inhibitors is skin rash. Other possible side effects are diarrhea and low magnesium levels.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

To determine the response rate (RECIST criteria). Responses will be evaluated for the whole patient group and separately for k-ras wild-type and k-ras mutant tumours
time frame: 6 weekly

Secondary Outcomes

time frame: Weekly
Progression free survival
time frame: 6 weekly
Overall survival
time frame: Weekly

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age>18 years - Histological diagnosis of colorectal cancer - Metastatic disease not amenable to resection - Measurable disease as assessed by CT scan using RECIST criteria - Received and failed fluoropyrimidine therapy, where failure is defined as radiological progression after therapy for metastatic disease, prior adjuvant therapy, or toxicity limiting further therapy - Received and failed oxaliplatin therapy, where failure is defined as radiological progression after therapy for metastatic disease, prior adjuvant therapy ,or toxicity (including neuro-toxicity) limiting further therapy - Received and failed irinotecan therapy, where failure is defined as radiological progression after therapy for metastatic disease or toxicity limiting further therapy - ECOG PS 0-1 - Adequate bone marrow function with platelets > 100 X 109/l; neutrophils > 1.5 X 109/l - Adequate renal function, with calculated creatinine clearance >40 ml/min (Cockcroft and Gault). - Adequate hepatic function with serum total bilirubin < 1.25 X upper limit of normal range and ALT or AST<2.5xULN (<5xULN if liver metastases present) - Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks - No other concurrent uncontrolled medical conditions - No other malignant disease apart from non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix or any other cancer treated with curative intent >2 years previously without evidence of relapse - Women and partners of women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception - Written informed consent including consent for biomarker studies Exclusion Criteria: - Medical or psychiatric conditions that compromise the patient's ability to give informed consent or to complete the protocol - Prior treatment with drugs targeting EGFR such as cetuximab, panitumumab or erlotinib - Participation in any investigational drug study within the previous 4 weeks - Patients with uncontrolled clinically significant cardiac disease, arrhythmias or angina pectoris - Untreated CNS metastases - Pregnancy or lactation - k-ras mutant tumours now excluded

Additional Information

Official title Dual Inhibition of EGFR Signalling Using the Combination of Cetuximab (Erbitux) and Erlotinib (Tarceva) in Patients With Chemotherapy-refractory Colorectal Cancer
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2010.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Austin Health.