Selenomethionine and Finasteride Before Surgery or Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage I or Stage II Prostate Cancer
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatments||selenomethionine, finasteride, placebo|
|Sponsor||Roswell Park Cancer Institute|
|Start date||August 2008|
|End date||December 2012|
|Trial size||55 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00736645, CDR0000611962, RPCI I 104607|
RATIONALE: Selenomethionine may slow the growth of prostate cancer. Testosterone can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Finasteride may fight prostate cancer by lowering the amount of testosterone the body makes. Giving selenomethionine together with finasteride before surgery or radiation therapy may be an effective treatment for prostate cancer.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying how well selenomethionine and finasteride work when given before surgery or radiation therapy in treating patients with stage I or stage II prostate cancer.
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Masking||double blind (subject, investigator)|
Quantities of androgen receptor, prostate-specific antigen, kallikrein 2, and NKX 3.1 message expression
time frame: 1 year
Apoptosis as assessed by TUNEL assay, immunohistochemistry, and ELISA
time frame: 1 year
Relationship between Prx1 level and response to treatment
time frame: 1 year
Male participants from 18 years up to 120 years old.
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate - Diagnosed by sextant or greater biopsy - Clinical stage < T3 (stage I or II) disease - Prostate-specific antigen < 20.0 ng/mL - Gleason score < 8 - Scheduled to undergo prostatectomy or brachytherapy PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - Life expectancy > 5 years - No other prior malignancy (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) in the past 5 years - Willing and able to take finasteride, selenomethionine, and/or placebo for 3-5 weeks prior to prostatectomy/brachytherapy PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - More than 1 year since prior finasteride, dutasteride, Sereona repens (saw palmetto), or any other 5-α reductase inhibitor - No prior hormonal therapy or radiotherapy - More than 30 days since prior and no concurrent participation in any other clinical trial involving a medical, surgical, nutritional, or life-style intervention (e.g., dietary modification or exercise) - No concurrent selenium dietary supplement at doses > 200 mg/day, including multivitamin supplements - At least 30 days since > 200mg/day of prior selenium dietary supplement - No other concurrent hormonal therapy, including 5-α reductase inhibitors (e.g., finasteride or dutasteride); anti-androgens (e.g., bicalutamide, flutamide, or ketoconazole); or luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists (e.g., leuprolide acetate, goserelin acetate, or abarelix)
|Official title||A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial of L-SeMet Supplementation and Finasteride Treatment of Patients With Prostate Cancer Prior to Robotic Prostatectomy/Brachytherapy|
|Principal investigator||James L. Mohler, MD|
|Description||OBJECTIVES: Primary - To investigate the effects of selenomethionine and/or finasteride on key androgen receptor signaling biomarkers (prostate-specific antigen, kallikrein 2, and NKX3.1) in prostate tissue samples from patients with stage I or II prostate cancer. Secondary - To analyze the effects of selenomethionine and/or finasteride on apoptosis induction in benign prostate tissue samples from these patients. Tertiary - To determine whether responsiveness to selenomethionine and/or finasteride is related to the level of Prx1 in prostate cancer cells. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms. - Arm I: Patients receive oral selenomethionine and oral finasteride once daily for 4-5 weeks. Patients then undergo prostatectomy or brachytherapy. - Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo and oral finasteride once daily for 4-5 weeks. Patients then undergo prostatectomy or brachytherapy. - Arm III: Patients receive oral selenomethionine and oral placebo once daily for 4-5 weeks. Patients then undergo prostatectomy or brachytherapy. - Arm IV: Patients receive two oral placebos once daily for 4-5 weeks. Patients then undergo prostatectomy or brachytherapy. Blood samples are collected at baseline and on the day of prostatectomy or brachytherapy. Samples are analyzed for testosterone and 5-α-dihydrotestosterone levels by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; genetic polymorphisms in the type 2 5-α reductase gene by PCR and sequencing analyses; and selenium levels by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Additional blood samples will be stored for future analysis of alpha and gamma tocopherol, lycopene, and other vitamin levels. Toenail samples are also collected to provide an indicator of long-term selenium status. Prostate tissue samples are collected during and after prostatectomy or prior to brachytherapy. Samples are analyzed for expression of biomarkers (e.g., prostate-specific antigen, kallikrein 2, and NKX 3.1) by quantitative RT-PCR and apoptosis by TUNEL assay, immunohistochemistry, and ELISA.|
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