Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition head & neck cancer
Treatment cetuximab, imrt, albumin-bound paclitaxel (abraxane®)
Phase phase 1
Sponsor Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Collaborator Celgene Corporation
Start date August 2008
End date August 2016
Trial size 30 participants
Trial identifier NCT00736619, 08-084

Summary

For patients with this type of cancer, one standard treatment option is cetuximab (Erbitux®) + radiation. We wish to study the addition of albumin-bound paclitaxel (Abraxane®) to this standard regimen of cetuximab + radiation. Albumin-bound paclitaxel and cetuximab both are chemotherapy drugs which are administered by vein.

Previous studies have shown that albumin-bound paclitaxel can kill head and neck cancer cells when given alone or in combination with chemotherapy. The purpose of this study is to establish a safe dose range of albumin-bound paclitaxel given in combination with cetuximab and radiation therapy. The investigators want to find out what effects, good and/or bad, the albumin-bound paclitaxel has on you and your head and neck cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Cetuximab loading dose, 400 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) IMRT, 1 fraction/day, up to total of approximately 70 Gy, over approximately 33 treatment days Cetuximab 250 mg/m2 weekly IV X 7 weeks Albumin-bound paclitaxel (Abraxane®) weekly IV X 7 weeks, according to dose escalation scheme
cetuximab, imrt, albumin-bound paclitaxel (abraxane®)
All patients will receive standard treatment with definitive radiation therapy (IMRT, intensity-modulated radiation therapy) administered concurrently with cetuximab (400 mg/m2 intravenous loading dose one week prior to radiation therapy, followed by 250 mg/m2 weekly intravenous infusions). To explore different dose levels of nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (Abraxane®) given intravenously weekly with the standard regimen of weekly cetuximab + daily radiation therapy. The total number of planned cetuximab infusions is 8 (loading dose, plus 7 weekly infusions concurrent with radiation therapy). The total number of planned albumin-bound paclitaxel infusions is 7 (all concurrent with radiotherapy). Five dose levels of weekly intravenous (IV) albumin-bound paclitaxel will be explored.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
To establish the phase II recommended dose of weekly intravenous albumin-bound paclitaxel (Abraxane®) given concurrently with weekly cetuximab + definitive radiation therapy (IMRT) for patients with HNSCC.
time frame: conclusion of study

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
To establish the safety and tolerability of weekly albumin-bound paclitaxel + cetuximab + RT for patients with HNSCC.
time frame: conclusion of study

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 100 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Locally and/or regionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (AJCC Stage III-IVB) - Karnofsky performance status ≥ or = to 70% - Adequate bone marrow function: absolute neutrophil count ≥ or = to 1,500/μl, platelets ≥ or = to 100,000/μl, hemoglobin ≥ or = to 9 gm/dl - Adequate hepatic function: Total Bilirubin ≤ or = to institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) AST and ALT and Alkaline Phosphatase must be within the range allowing for eligibility. In determining eligibility the more abnormal of the two values (AST or ALT) should be used - Patients must have adequate renal function: serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dl or estimated creatinine clearance of ≥ 45 ml/min by Cockcroft and Gault method - Men and women of childbearing potential must be willing to consent to using effective contraception while on treatment and for at least 3 months thereafter - Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test - Patients must have ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document Exclusion Criteria: - Other active malignancy, other than indolent malignancies which the investigator determines are unlikely to interfere with treatment or efficacy analysis. For example, patients with non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ carcinoma of the cervix, or prostate cancer within the no current biochemical (PSA) or radiologic evidence of disease may enroll - Prior radiation therapy for head and neck cancer - Patients with multifocal peripheral sensory alterations or paresthesias (including tingling) interfering with function, per patient report (example: activities of daily living) - Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures - Women who are pregnant or lactating - Serious concomitant medical disorders (for example, active infection, uncontrolled seizure disorder, unstable angina, auto-immune connective tissue disease) that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the safety of the patient or compromise the patient's ability to complete the study - History of severe infusion reaction to a monoclonal antibody - Patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma are not eligible

Additional Information

Official title Phase I Study of Weekly Nanoparticle Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel (Abraxane) + Weekly Cetuximab + Radiation Therapy (IMRT, Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy) in Patients With Stage III-IVB Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC)
Principal investigator David Pfister, MD
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.