Study of Nimotuzumab and Cisplatin/Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||head and neck cancer|
|Treatments||nimotuzumab, cisplatin, radiation|
|Sponsor||National Cancer Centre, Singapore|
|Collaborator||Innogene Kalbiotech Pte. Ltd|
|Start date||April 2008|
|End date||December 2017|
|Trial size||37 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00702481, IB/NCCS-01|
The purpose of this study is to define the response and toxicities with the addition of Nimotuzumab to chemoradiation for head and neck cancer.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
To determine the response rate of locally advanced HNSCC to treatment with Nimotuzumab and concurrent Cisplatin (CDDP) and Radiotherapy (RT).
time frame: 16 weeks
To assess the toxicities associated with this regimen
time frame: 16 weeks
Male or female participants from 21 years up to 70 years old.
- Histologically or cytologically confirmed Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck.
- Locally advanced disease, unresectable disease or resectable disease where organ-preservation is intended
- Age > 18 years
- Adequate performance status of ECOG 0-2
- Life expectancy of at least 3 months
- Written informed consent to participate in the study
- Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >20 mm with conventional techniques or as >10 mm with spiral CT scan.
- Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
- leukocytes >3,000/uL
- absolute neutrophil count >1,500/uL
- platelets >100,000/uL
- total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
- AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) < 2.5X normal . Creatinine within normal range and CCT(Cockcroft-Gault) > 50 ml/min
- Prior treatment with anti-EGFR or chemotherapy/radiotherapy
- Evidence of CNS metastases
- Poor performance status (ECOG 3-4)
- Evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic disease (eg. unstable or uncompensated respiratory disorder, cardiac failure, hepatic decompensation, renal failure, nephritic syndrome, uncontrolled metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus, uncontrolled hypertension or uncontrolled significant infections)
- Pregnancy or breast-feeding (women of child-bearing potential)
- Prior severe allergic drug reactions
- Prior history of cancer in the last 5 years prior to enrollment, other than curatively treated cancer of the cervix or non-melanoma skin cancer.
|Official title||Phase II Study of Nimotuzumab (TheraCim-hR3) Concurrent With Cisplatin/Radiotherapy in Patients With Locally Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC)|
|Principal investigator||Wan-Teck Lim, MD|
|Description||Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC). EGFR pathway activation is associated with tumor growth, decreased apoptosis, and increased angiogenesis. These present a putative target for the use of EGFR inhibitors either in the form of small molecule inhibitors or monoclonal antibodies. Several studies have been advanced that suggest application of these targeted therapies show promising responses with little additional toxicity. The addition of EGFR monoclonal antibodies to radiation results in better response rates and locoregional control compared to radiation alone. Addition of EGFR monoclonal antibodies compared to chemotherapy alone also improves the response rates in patients with advanced HNSCC. Nimotuzumab is a humanized chimeric monoclonal antibody specific to the extracellular domain of EGFR. Several studies are ongoing and demonstrate promising efficacy of Nimotuzumab as monotherapy and in combination with radiation in HNSCC, and in combination with chemoradiation in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma. This phase II clinical trial examines the feasibility of EGFR inhibition using Nimotuzumab in combination with concurrent chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced unresectable HNSCC. Successful and safe incorporation of an EGFR monoclonal antibody into the concurrent chemoradiation paradigm used to treat locally advanced HNSCC will represent an important advance in the optimisation of treatment for this group of patients.|
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